10/03/2013

machi - towns and villages

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 
machi, choo  町 town and village - districts in Edo  


地名で読む江戸の町 / 大石学


machiwari, machi-wari 町割り 'division of towns and streets', districts
To keep the security of a big town like Edo, the Bakufu government installed many laws.
The living quarters of Samurai and Townspeople were separated and the temples had their own grounds.
The center of the town development was 日本橋 Nihonbashi.
There were toori 通り roads, suji 筋 small roads and roji 路地 alleys, lanes.
The width of a normal 通町筋 town road was about 6丈 / 18 m, the width of a 横町筋 side road about 2丈 / 6 m, but roads were constantly widened up to 12 meters.
One quarter was about 60間 / 108 m around.
The length of a 町屋 Nagaya quarter was about 20間, with a public square space in the middle.
Each machi 町 square was closed by a kido 木戸 wooden gate. The gates were open from 4 in the morning till about 10 in the evening.




. kido 木戸 The Gates of Edo .
Takanawa Okido 高輪 大木戸

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Shitamachi 下町 and Yamanote 山の手



- quote -
Yamanote (山の手, "mountain's hand(s)") and Shitamachi (下町, "under city") are traditional names for two areas of Tokyo, Japan.
Yamanote refers to the affluent, upper-class areas of Tokyo west of the Imperial Palace. While citizens once considered it as consisting of Hongo, Koishikawa, Ushigome, Yotsuya, Akasaka, Aoyama and Azabu in the Bunkyō, Shinjuku, and Minato wards, its size has grown to include the Nakano, Suginami and Meguro wards.
Shitamachi
is the traditional name for the area of Tokyo including today the Adachi, Arakawa, Chiyoda (in part), Chūō, Edogawa, Kōtō, Sumida, and Taitō wards, the physically low part of the city along and east of the Sumida River.
... The term originally indicated just the three areas of Kanda, Nihonbashi and Kyōbashi but, as the city grew, it came to cover also the areas mentioned above. Shitamachi was the center of Edo, so much so that the two were often thought of as coterminous. While Shitamachi was not in fact synonymous with Edo, there was originally a certain "conflation" of the two terms, and those born in Shitamachi are typically considered true Edokko, children of Edo. This conflation is evident in the Edo period habit of saying "I am going to Edo" to mean going from the area around Fukagawa in Kōtō ward to anywhere east of the Sumida river.
..... The Shitamachi boom
Alongside the long drive for modernisation that had characterised Japan's post-restoration history, Shitamachi was marginalised for the larger part of the 20th century. In the words of one sociologist, "it was increasingly confined to a defensive position, guarding old traditions and old social norms". After a long period of post-war economic decline, in the 1980s a "Shitamachi boom" emerged, with increased interest in and celebration of Shitamachi culture and history, in particular during the Edo period.
Shitamachi culture is thus depicted as more authentic and traditional (while Yamanote Tokyo is the present and future), and its valorisation has been described as a refuge from the rapid modernisation of the economic boom years.
Popular television dramas, comedy and documentary now "rarefy an often idealised notion of the Edokko, with the same intensity and nostalgia afforded an endangered species".
- - - - - All Shitamachi districts
Chuo ward (including Nihonbashi, Kyobashi and Ginza)
Taito ward (including Ueno, Yanaka and Asakusa)
Arakawa ward
Sumida ward
Koto ward
Edogawa ward
Katsushika ward
Adachi ward

- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !



. Tateishimura 立石村 Tateishi Mura Village - Katsushika ward .



under construction
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

chikagai 地下街 underground district

choomei 町名 name of a town or street

choonai 町内 neighbourhood


gakuseigai 学生街 town with students


irozato 色里 - iromachi 色町 - towns with prostitutes


. jookamachi, joukamachi 城下町 Jokamachi, castle town .
jooshi 城市 town with a castle wall

jookyoo 上京 going to Tokoy


kaku 廓 red-light district - 廓跡 - 廓町

kokujingai 黒人街 district for "black people"

. Kanda konyachoo, Konyachō 神田紺屋町 Konya-Cho
Konyamachi, district for cloth dyers .


koogai 郊外 outskirts

kura no machi 蔵の町 town with storehouses

kyoo 京 - kyooraku 京洛 Kyoto

kyoosha 狭斜 town in ancient China - or town with prostitutes


kyuushigai 旧市街 old part of a town


minatomachi 港町 / 巷衢 harbour town

. monzenmachi 門前町 "town in front of the gate" .


onsengai 温泉街 hot-spring town


samuraimachi, saburaimachi 侍町 samurai district

shakemachi 社家町 special district in some towns like Tsuruga (Fukui) Nishinomiya (Hyogo) or Fukuoka (Fukuoka)

shichuu 市中 in the city, in the town

shigai 市街 streets, city or town

shimogyoo下京 district in Kyoto

shitamachi 下町 traditional working-class neighborhood - see above

. shokuninmachi 職人町 districts with craftsmen .

shootengai 商店街 shopping district

shukubamachi 宿場町 town with lodgings along an old route

shuto 首都 capital, metropolis

suramu スラム slum


teito 帝都 Imperial Capital

teramachi 寺町 temple district

umetatechi 埋立地 reclaimed land district

uramachi 裏町 back-street district


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


CLICK for more books !

[図説]お江戸の地名の意外な由来
中江克己
第1章 地形ゆかりの地名(岩本町 八ツ小路 ほか)
第2章 人名ゆかりの地名(八代洲河岸 神田佐柄木町 ほか)
第3章 説話ゆかりの地名(霞ヶ関 小石川指ヶ谷町 ほか)
第4章 武家ゆかりの地名(番町 有楽原 ほか)
第5章 商人・職人ゆかりの地名(神田紺屋町 神田白壁町 ほか)
第6章 農と漁ゆかりの地名(日比谷 小網町 ほか)
第7章 動植物ゆかりの地名(桜田 小柳町 ほか)
第8章 故郷ゆかりの地名(鎌倉町 神田金沢町 ほか)



日本橋-神田-上野-入谷-根岸-三ノ輪-吉原-南千住
- source : 東京散歩 -

- #chovillage #districtsinedo -
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Japanese Architecture - cultural keywords used in haiku .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

No comments: