Showing posts with label - - - A - Introduction. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - A - Introduction. Show all posts

12/30/2017

Edo - Welcome !

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- Welcome to Edo 江戸 Yedo !



Edo Daruma eating nihachi soba 二八そば  buckwheat noodles

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fengshui 風水 The four heavenly protectors of Edo








MOUNTAIN - - - - -Mount Fujisan as Genbu in the North
RIVER - - - - - Hiragawa as Green Dragon in the East
SEA - - - - - Edo Inlay as Red Phoenix in the South
ROAD - - - - - Tokaido Road as White Tiger in the West



. Four Guardians of the Compass .





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. The History of Edo 江戸の歴史 - The Edo Period 江戸時代 .


. Tokaido 53 stations 東海道五十三次 .
. Nihonbashi bridge (Nihonbashi 日本橋)
. 1. Shinagawa-juku 品川宿(Shinagawa)


. Mount Fuji 富士山, Fuji-san, Fujiyama .



. Edo Haikai 江戸俳諧 Haiku and Hokku - INFO .

. Gofunai 御府内八十八ヶ所霊場 88 Henro Temples in Edo .


. EDO - Persons, People .

. EDO - Specialities - Meibutsu .

. EDO - Shrines 神社 .

. EDO - Temples お寺 .

. EDO - Places and Powerspots .


. - GLOSSARY of terms to be explored later - .

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- - - - - Alphabetical Index - Table of Contents - - - - -

- AAA - / - BBB - / - CCC - / - DDD - / - EEE -

- FFF - / - GGG - / - HHH - / - I I I - / - JJJ -

- KK KK - / - LLL - / - MMM - / - NNN - / - OOO -

- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW - / - XXX - / - YYY - / - ZZZ -


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Check the side bar on the top right for the CONTENTS!
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- #edojidai #japanesehistory #edo
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12/29/2017

Edo - Introduction

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Edo 江戸 - Introduction

The town of Edo 江戸 大江戸 Ooedo, Great Edo, Old Edo  

Fires and fighting were the "flowers of Edo", Edo no Hana.



- More Photos of Old Edo - 江戸名所図会


. Edo Meisho Zue 江戸名所図会, “Guide to famous Edo sites” .
- - - - - and
Edo Meisho Hanagoyomi 江戸名所花暦 - Flower Calendar of Famous Places in Edo


. Edo Meibutsu 江戸名物 Specialities of Edo .
- the main ABC-list -

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Edo, The City That Became Tokyo
An Illustrated History / Akira Naito
Illustrations by Kazuo Hozumi
Translated by H. Mack Horton



From 1603 to 1868, the city of Edo was the seat of power of the Tokugawa shogunate and the political center of Japan. In 1868 the city was renamed Tokyo and made the official capital of the nation. Both literally and figuratively, present-day Tokyo rests upon the foundations of Edo, and much of what is now thought of as traditional Japanese culture (woodblock prints, kabuki, sumo, haiku poetry) found its final form in Edo. In this book, through over 200 black and white drawings and an insightful text, old Edo is brought vividly to life—its planning, its construction, and the cultural energy that made it one of the most exciting, and populous, cities on the face of the earth.


. . . Mitsuke Gate of Edo Castle


Edo was nothing more than a village on the edge of Edo Bay when Ieyasu Tokugawa chose it as the site for a castle from which he, as shogun, could administer the country. The castle was of utmost importance because Japan had just emerged from a hundred years of civil war, and Ieyasu was determined that the power he had gained should not be wrested from him by antagonistic warlords.

The castle, of course, had to be supplied with the necessities of everyday life, and thus a town had to be built where merchants and artisans could live. It is the planning and construction of Edo Castle and the town that would support it that lie at the core of this book. In fact, the construction of the city would be an ongoing process throughout its –year history, in the wake of repeated devastation by fire and earthquake and under the pressure of an ever-expanding population.


. . . Quarters of the Townspeople

Another aspect of the book concerns Edo's cultural life, which moved over time from classical conventions dominated by the samurai to the more popular and lively forms favored by the merchants and artisans. Featured here are temples and shrines, festivals, bath houses, pleasure quarters, kabuki theaters, street gangs, the poet Basho, sumo wrestling, side shows, ukiyo-e prints, barbers, and much more.
source : kodansha-intl.com/books/


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CLICK for Edomatsu pages Hi there!
My name is Edoreki Gakushimaru,
and I live in the city of Edo (you probably call my city "Tokyo" -- that's the modern name for Edo). I'd like to take you on a trip through my city, to see what it was like when it was still ruled by the Shogun, when samurai walked the streets, accompanied by beautiful women wearing silk kimono. There are lots of sights to see and plenty to learn about ancient Japan. But first, you have to travel back in time about 200 years.
Are you ready?

Edomatsu
Edo Japan, A Virtual Tour


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Flower Viewing at Shinobazu Pond
『江戸名所図会』 不忍池 蓮見



- Edo and Edo Castle — Developing a Metropolis - T



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People of Edo, by Maki Bokusen 牧墨僊


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Look at more here:
source : hatsuzawa


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Edo Bungaku Collection - Waseda Daigaku 江戸文学


source : www.wul.waseda.ac.jp/kotenseki

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. Edo Haikai 江戸俳諧 Haiku and Hokku .

. Tookyoo jusha 東京十社 ten shrines of Tokyo - Edo .


. BOOK - Titles of Books, Articles etc. - Book, Buchtitel .

- - -

. Hana no Miyako 花の都 - Kyoto, the old capital .


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12/28/2017

Edo Meibutsu

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- - - - - Table of contents - - - - -

- AAA - / - BBB - / - CCC - / - DDD - / - EEE -

- FFF - / - GGG - / - HHH - / - I I I - / - JJJ -

- KK KK - / - LLL - / - MMM - / - NNN - / - OOO -

- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW - / - XXX - / - YYY - / - ZZZ -

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Edo Meibutsu 江戸名物 Specialities of Edo - Index -
meisanhin 名産品




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Many words come with EDO at the beginning - here is a growing list.
Ooedo 大江戸 Oedo, "Great Edo" is another keyword.

. Edo, The City That Became Tokyo .
An Illustrated History - Akira Naito

. The Edo Clan of the Musashi Taira 武蔵江戸氏 Musashi Edo-Shi .
江戸太郎重長 Edo Taro Shigenaga (? around 1180)

. Edo o shoshite Tokyo to nasu 江戸を称して東京と為す .
- The End of Edo - September 3rd, 1868 : Imperial Edict Renaming Edo to Tōkyō.

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Edo is an inland state in Western Nigeria. Benin Edo or Bini.
Edo-Khel, a Pashtun tribe of southeastern Afghanistan

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. Edo - 40 Traditional Crafts of Tokyo - Introduction .
- - - - - including
. Edo Bekko 江戸鼈甲 Tortoiseshell Products.
. Edo Fude 江戸筆 Handmade Calligraphy Brushes .
. Edo Garasu 江戸硝子 Edo Glassware .
. Edo Hake 江戸刷毛 Edo Brushes .
. Edo Hyogu 江戸表具 scroll mounting .
. Edo Ishogi Ningyo 江戸衣裳着人形 Costumed Dolls .
. Edo Karakami 江戸からかみ Hand-Made Patterned Paper .
. Edo Katchu 江戸甲冑 Warrior Armor from Edo .
. Edo kimekomi ningyoo 江戸木目込人形 kimekomi dolls from Edo .
. Edo Kiriko 江戸切子 Cut Glassware .
. Edo Moku-Chokoku 江戸木彫刻 Wood Sculptures .
. Edo Moku-Hanga 江戸木版画 Woodblock Prints .
. Edo Oshi-e Hagoita 江戸押絵羽子板 Battledore, Shuttlecock .
. Edo Sarasa 江戸更紗 Printed Silk Calico .
. Edo Sashimono 江戸指物 Wood Joinery .
. Edo shikki 江戸漆器 Edo laquerware .
. Edo Shishu 江戸刺繍 Embroidery .
. Edo Sudare 江戸簾 Slatted Blinds .
. Edo Tegaki Chochin (Hand-Painted Paper Lanterns) 江戸手描提灯
. Edo Tsumami-Kanzashi 江戸つまみ簪 Ornamental Hairpins .
. Edo Wazao (Bamboo Fishing Rods) 江戸和竿 .
. Edo Zooge 江戸象牙 Edo Zoge, Ivory Carvings


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. Edo Bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government and Administration .

Edobarai, Edo tokorobarai 江戸払い banishment from Edo (EG188)

. Edobina, Edo-bina 江戸雛 Hina dolls, Edo style .

. Edo Culture: Daily Life and Diversions in Urban Japan, 1600-1868 .
book by Nishiyama Matsunosuke, tr. ‎Gerald Groemer - 1997

. Edo Dandyism: From Swords to Inro .

. Edo Daruma 江戸だるま 江戸達磨 papermachee dolls .

Edo deetabeesu データベース Illustrated Database of Edo
source : library.metro.tokyo.jp/portals

. Edo Fuuzoku Ningyoo 江戸風俗人形 Edo Fuzoku Dolls .

. Edogawa 江戸川 river Edogawa . (BF)

. Edo Gokaidoo 江戸五街道 Five Kaido routes starting from Nihonbashi .
- - - Edo Itsu Kuchi  江戸五口 five entrance gates to/from Edo castle

. Edo gaidobukku 江戸のガイドブック Guidebooks for Edo .
江戸ウォーキング (大人の遠足ブック) Edo Walking - Excursions for Grown-Ups
ensoku 遠足 excursion, day trips and guidebooks for Edo

. Edo haikai 江戸俳諧 Edo Haiku Meetings .

. Edo hyaku nezu 江戸百鼠 100 shades of gray/grey color .

Edo jidai 江戸時代 the Edo period

. Edo joo 江戸城 Edo-Jo, Edo Castle .

Edo jooruri 江戸浄瑠璃 (EG)
. jooruri 浄瑠璃 narration and 文楽 bunraku puppet theater .

. Edo juuhachi daitsuu 十八大通 eighteen big spenders of Edo .

Edo kaijoo 江戸開城 Edo Kaijo - The Fall of Edo (wiki)

. Edo 江戸三十三観音霊場 Pilgrimage to 33 Kannon Temples .

. Edokko 江戸っ子 lit. "child of Edo" , born in Edo .

. Edo komon 江戸小紋 Small Edo Patterns .

Edomachi 江戸町 Edo district, in other towns, like Kobe and Nagasaki

. Edo machibugyoo 江戸町奉行 governor of Edo .
- - - - - 江戸の名奉行 Famous Bugyo from Edo

- - - - - Edomae, Edo-mae 江戸前 "in front of Edo" - food from Tokyo Bay
. Edomae Sushi (Edomaezushi) 江戸前寿司 .

. Edomae tenpura 江戸前天ぷら Edo-mae Tempura, .


. Edo Meisho Zue 江戸名所図会, “Guide to famous Edo sites” .
and
Edo Meisho Hanagoyomi 江戸名所花暦 Flower Calendar of Famous Places in Edo

. Edo mingei  江戸民芸 folk art and craft from Edo .
. Edo anesama 江戸姉様 "elder sister" dolls from Edo .
. Edo gangu 江戸玩具 Edo Toys and the Color Red
. Edo koma, Edo-koma 江戸独楽 spinning top from Edo / Tokyo .
. Edo kaku, tako 凧 kites of Edo - 江戸奴凧
. Edo no engimono 江戸の縁起物 Good Luck Charms of Edo
. Patterns of the Edo Period .


Edo murasaki 江戸紫 purple of Edo (EG387)
. Colors of Japan #745399 purple .

Edo namari 江戸訛り dialect of Edo (EG300)
. namari なまり、訛 dialect, local speach .

. Edo Nana Fushigi 江戸七不思議 The Seven Wonders of Edo  . - tba -


Edo no Idenshi 江戸の遺伝子 The Edo Inheritance (2009)
book by Tokugawa Tsunenari
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Edo no Izakaya 江戸の居酒屋 drinking shops in Edo .

Edo no kagaku 江戸の科学 - Natural Science of the Edo period
江戸時代の科学や技術を紹介します。
- source : gakken.co.jp/kagakusouken -

. Edo no susume 謎解き!江戸のススメ - BS-TBS .

. Edo no taika 江戸の大火 "Great Fires of Edo" .


. Edo Roku Jizo 江戸六地蔵 The Six Jizō Bosatsu of Edo .


. Edo Saijiki 江戸歳時記 - The Four Seasons in Edo .

. Edo Sengen sai 江戸浅間祭 Sengen festival in Edo .
at the Fuji Asama Sengen Shrine in Asakusa - 浅草の富士浅間神社

Edo senke 江戸千家 the Sen family of Edo Tea masters (EG 509)
. Senke 千家 Sen family of Tea masters .

. Edo shigusa 江戸しぐさ the manners of Edo .

. Edo shishuku 江戸四宿 four postal stations out of of Edo . (EG45)
Edo Gokaidoo 江戸五街道 Edo Gokaido, Gokaidō - Edo Five Ruotes
Five Kaido starting at Nihonbashi, Edo

. Edo shokunin 江戸の職人 the craftsmen of Edo .

. Edo Tokyo Hakubutsukan 江戸東京博物館 Edo-Tokyo Museum .
..... Tokyo Digital Museum
Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography / MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART TOKYO
- source : digitalmuseum.rekibun.or.jp -


. Edo uchiwa 江戸団扇 handfan made in Edo .

Edo uta 江戸唄 song of Edo (EG)

Edowan, Edo wan 江戸湾 #Edo bay", Tokyo bay 近世の東京湾 (wiki)

. Edo wazurai 江戸煩ひ/江戸煩い/江戸患い the "Edo disease" - beriberi . (EG590)

Edo yakusha 江戸役者 actor from Edo (EG502)
. Kabuki theaters in Edo .

. Edo yasai 江戸伝統野菜 Vegetables of Edo .

. Edo Yatai 江戸屋台 portable food stalls in Edo .

. Edo yuuzen 江戸友禅 Yuzen - Kimono dyeing from Edo .

Edoza 江戸座 Edo theater (EG)
. Edo Sanza 江戸三座 three famous Kabuki theaters .

Edozuma 江戸妻 Edo roof formation (EG390)
. yane 屋根 Japanese roofs - Introduction .
kirizuma-zukuri 切妻造

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. Tokyo Daibutsu 東京大仏 Great Buddha of Tokyo .
Joorenji 乗蓮寺 Joren-Ji - Itabashi

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江戸店 (EG230) stores in Edo

江戸町監 (EG472)
Edomachi kaisho 江戸町会所 - Introduced by Matsudaira Sadanobu in 1797

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- - - - - - back to - EEE -


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Cultural Keywords of the Edo period - used by
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu in Edo .


- BF - bakufu book / EG - edogaku book -
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江戸名物を歩く - 佐藤孔亮









under construction, please come back !
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12/05/2014

daidokoro kitchen

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. - Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .
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daidokoro 台所 the Japanese kitchen
- Introduction -

- - - - part of the entry about
. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .


31 kitchen


30 kitchen
- kitchen, from my visit to Katsuyama, Okayama

. Kitchen (daidokoro) and hearth (kamado) .
My first introduction, with haiku from Matsuo Basho and others

- under construction !
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- quote - JAANUS
1 Believed to be an abbreviated form of *daibandokoro 台盤所. The most common Japanese term for kitchen. From at least the Heian period, the term was used in the emperor's residential compound, Dairi 内裏, of the imperial palace and in the mansions of the aristocracy to refer to a room used for the final stages of food preparation and serving. By the medieval period the term was used in warrior houses.

2 From the 13c-19c, a building in upper class residences, used to prepare and cook food. Typically, it included an earth-floored area *doma 土間, equipped with a cooking range *kamado 竈, and sometimes a well *ido 井戸, and sink *nagashi 流し. In addition it incorporated a suite of raised floor rooms, some of which were equipped with an open hearth *irori 囲炉裏, where more advanced stages of food preparation and serving took place.

There was generally a smoke louvre *kemuridashi 煙出, in the roof. The building also contained storage space for food and utensils, and particularly in the medieval period, it is believed to have included accommodation for servants and lower members of the household. In large residences, such as the baronial mansions, daimyou yashiki 大名屋敷, of the Edo period, the main kitchen was often divided into two: a lower kitchen *shimodaidokoro 下台所, and an upper kitchen *kamidaidokoro 上台所. Alternative medieval terms for the upper class daidokoro include *mizushidokoro 御厨子所, zendokoro 膳所, and zenbu 膳部. In the Edo period the upper kitchen might alternatively be referred to as *kiyodokoro 清所 or *ryouri-no-ma 料理の間, and the lower kitchen as oodaidokoro 大台所.

3 In vernacular houses *minka 民家 of the Edo period daidokoro was: a term for the earth-floored area doma, in parts of Tokyo, Saitama, Kanagawa, Fukushima and Iwate prefectures: a cooking area in the rear part of the earth-floored area in houses with their entrance on the non-gabled side *hirairi 平入, in the Izumo region of Shimane prefecture ; a timber platform projecting from the raised living area, kyoshitsubu 居室部, into the earth-floored area in parts of Aomori, Yamagata Fukushima and Nagano prefectures and throughtout Hokuriku 北陸. The latter generally had an open hearth irori, cut into the floor and was used for food preparation, dining, and as a place for sedentary work, especially in winter.

4 In vernacular houses minka, of the Edo period in many districts, a term for the main living room *hiroma 広間, which extended the full cross-sectional depth of the building from front to back, in *hiromagata 広間型 houses. The boarded floor was often exposed and there was usually an open hearth irori. It served as a living and dining space and some cooking was done in the irori.

5 In vernacular houses minka of the Edo period with a 4-room or 6-room raised living area kyoshitsubu 居室部, the room in the rear range adjacent to the earth-floored area doma. It was used as a family parlor, dining room and for the preparation of food. It might be open to the doma or divided from it by sliding panels. In certain districts it contained an open hearth irori, though rarely in the Kinki 近畿 region, where the four-room house first emerged as a common minka type. It could also be a space toward the rear of the main living room hiroma, in kobeyatsuki hiromagata 小部屋付広間型 houses.

6 In urban vernacular houses *machiya 町家 of the Edo period, especially in the Kyoto area and regions influenced by it, a room to the rear of the shop *mise 店, adjacent to the earth-floored area doma, used for dining and the preparation of food and as a family parlor. It was also often referred to as the naka-no-ma 中の間. In all regions, daidokoro was often abbreviated to daidoko 台どこ and in certain areas to dedoko でどこ. Daidokoro is sometimes written 大所.
- source : JAANUS

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source :gwald.com/rakugo

長屋の台所風景 Kitchen of a nagaya living quarter in Edo

. nagaya 
長屋 ながや long house, row housing .


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chooriba 調理場 kitchen

chuu, zu, kuriya 厨, chuubo 厨房 chubo, kitchen (closet, cupboard)
..... chuu is a place that gets black (by the smoke) - kuriya 涅屋 a kitchen of a temple
(with a lot of compound word used in haiku - 初厨 - 厨事 - 貧厨 - 厨妻 - 厨窓 - 大厨 - 行厨 . . .)

dedoko でどこ lower-class kitchen

doma 土間 earth-floored area

katte 勝手 kitchen
- - - - - katteguchi 勝手口 special door to enter the kitchen

hetsui, 竈(へ)つ火 "stove with fire", also the name for the Deity.
hettsui へっつい, hitsui, hittsui

hocho, wabocho . 和包丁. Knife, knives (hoochoo, waboochoo)
Japanisches Messer

. ido 井戸 well - and kigo .

. irori 囲炉裏 / いろり open sunken hearth .
- - - - - jizaikagi 自在鈎 pothook and more

. kamado 竈 cooking stove - Haiku introduction .
- okudo, okudosama in Kyoto
- - - - - more details below

. Kamagami 釜神 The Hearth Deity .
Dokujin, dokoojin 土公神 - Kenroo chijin 堅牢地神 Kenro Earth Deity
お荒神様 Aragamisama

kamidaidokoro 上台所 upper kitchen

kemuridashi 煙出 smoke louvre

kittchin キッチン kitchen

kiyodokoro 清所 upper class kitchen

mizushi 水仕, mizushigoto, mizu shigoto 水仕事 washing the dishes, doing "water work"

mizushidokoro 御厨子所 kitchen of the upper class
. . . zendokoro 膳所, zenbu 膳部

. nabe なべ 鍋 pot and pan .

nagashi 流し sink

naka no ma, naka-no-ma 中の間 kitchen of a town house

oodaidokoro 大台所 lower kitchen, lit. "big kitchen"

ryoori no ma, ryoori-no-ma 料理の間 upper class kitchen (place for making food)

shimodaidokoro 下台所 lower kitchen

suiji 炊事, suijiba 炊事場 cooking, place for cooking
- - - - - taku 炊く to boil rice

yuukuriya 夕厨 kitchen work in the evening

. zen 膳 food tray for one person .

zushi 厨子 cupboard

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CLICK for more photos of the Edo kitchen!

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kamadoshi, kamado-shi 竈師 specialist making an earthen hearth

- quote -
By the late Edo period (1615-1867), some households had a variety of kamado:
kamado for use in a raised floor space rather than the doma;
small portable kamado (this was also the commonest type in cramped urban tenements;
a large one for preparing fodder for domestic animals; and often
a special one for use only on festive occasions and for preparing rice cakes.
The symbolic significance of the kamado was in proportion to its functional importance as a cooking appliance and adjunct of the hearth.
Its tutelary spirit, kamadogami, was one of the principal household deities, revered as provider of the means to cook and feared as a potential cause of conflagration.
- source : nakedwhiz.com/kamadotheword -

For fear of fire, many homes in a Nagaya living quarter in Edo did not have a stove. Some kitchens did not even have a knife. The vegetables were torn by hand, the Tofu was deliverd as it was eaten and the fish came cut by the fish vendor.
The hearth-making craftsmen were a group in itself with special skills according to the type of hearth to be made.
Homes in Kyoto usually had three "mouths" 三つ口, some even nine 九つ口.
The hetsui hearth of Edo was built with the back to the doma 土間 entrance hall, so the wife could see the living room. Most hearths were coverd with a black coating.



kamado nuri, kamadonuri  竈塗り / 竃塗り repairing the earthen hearth

This was the job of a professional
. shakan, sakan 左官 plasterer, stucco master .

The kamado (also called hettsui へっつい in Edo) was used every day to prepare the meals.
Usually it had two openings to fire up separately.
To put new plaster earth around the hearth as a fire protection was usually done as one of the preparations for the New Year.


source : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/yah1000senn
- - - - - Cooking rice at the Kamado kitchen hearth


竈も化粧をしたる年の暮
hettsui mo keshoo o shitaru toshi no kure

the cooking stove too
likes to have some make-up
at the end of the year


anonymous senryu

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- - - - - fuda 蓋 lid - - - - -



kamabutashi, kamabuta-shi 釜蓋師 making a lid for the iron pot
釜蓋職人

Craftsmen who made these wooden lids made also many other wooden tools for a home and kitchen, for example the wooden cutting boards.
The lids had to fit well to make sure no steam was coming out of the pot.
The wood was about 3 cm thick.


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. kamabuta tsuitachi 釜蓋朔日 opening the chauldron on the first day .
- kigo for early autumn -
On the first day of the seventh lunar month (now August 1) the chauldron of hell was opened to let the souls out for their visit to the family graves.
From this day on, the Urabon ceremonies were started.

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Kamafuta Jinja 釜蓋神社 "Kamafuta Shrine"
射楯兵主神社 Itate Tsuwamono Jinja




The deity of this shrine has long been venerated by the Samurai. To pray for victory before a battle, they came here with an old lid or kettle and offered it with the wish that bullets from the enemy gun would not hit them. So ever more Samurai visited here.
Now people also pray for good luck and luck with a new business, even victory in sports.
They put a lid on their head and walk from the entrance Torii gate of the Shrine building. If the lid does not fall down, their wish will be granted . . .



鹿児島県南九州市頴娃町別府6827 Beppu, Kagoshima, Kyushu
- reference : kamafuta jinja -


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. Washoku 和食歳時記 Japanese Food Culture   .

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

. kigo related to the kitchen .

. hatsu kamado 初竈 (はつかまど) first use of the hearth (fire)
. bongama 盆竈 Bon stove .
. kamado neko 竈猫(かまどねこ)cat in the hearth  
. kamabarai 竈祓 (かまばらい) hearth purification .
. kama matsuri 竈祭(かままつり) hearth festival - - - and more

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猫の妻竃の崩れより通ひけり
. neko no tsuma hetsui no kuzure yori kayoi-keri .
and more kitchen haiku by Matsuo Basho and others

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source : edo-tokyo-museum.or.jp

- - - - - kitchen-related haiku collection - - - - -

- source : HAIKUreikuDB

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
kamado 竈 54 to explore
kamado かまど 16 to explore  ・カマド 44 to explore
竈神 4 to explore / 炭竈

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. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

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. My collection in facebook .


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. - Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .


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12/04/2014

chigaidana staggered shelves

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chigaidana, chigai-dana 違い棚 staggered shelves

. . Interior Design - The Japanese Home . .
- Introduction -

. tokonoma 床の間 alcove for decorations .


- CLICK for more photos !
Katsura-dana, Katsuradana 桂棚 at Katsura Rikyu

One of the three most famous chigaidana 天下の三棚.
The other two are
Daigo-dana 醍醐棚 at Daigo-Ji 醍醐寺
and
Kasumi-dana 霞棚 at Shugaku-In 修学院離宮

- source : shyougaiitisekkeisi2581


Daigo-dana, Daigodana 醍醐棚 at 奥宸殿

- source : Daigo-Ji


Kasumi-dana, Kasumidana 霞棚 at Shugaku-In 修学院離宮
"Shelf of Mist"
. . . the design of the shelves resembles mist floating.

- source : www.bokashiya.com

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- quote - JAANUS
Staggered shelves; considered part of the *shoin 書院 style decoration.
One of the room ornaments which became established together with the decorative alcove *tokonoma 床の間 and attached desk *oshi-ita 押板 at the end of the Muromachi period, in the formal reception room *zashiki 座敷. Usually located at the side of the decorative alcove.
Two shelf boards are fixed at different levels, a small pillar *ebizuka 海老束 is inserted between them, and small edge-strips *fudegaeshi 筆返し, are attached at the edge of the top shelf.


Old Yamamoto 山本 house (Nagasaki)

A doored shelf is provided at the top or below the shelf boards, or both. Upper doored shelves are called tenbukuro 天袋 (see *fukurodana 袋棚) and lower ones *jibukuro 地袋. Shelves in dwellings were originally practical, used to store personal belongings close at hand.

In the Muromachi period, ornamental shelves began to be developed at Ashikaga Yoshimasa's 足利義政 (1436-90) mansions, Ogawagosho 小川御所 and Higashiyamadono 東山殿. The Muromachi period text OKAZARIKI 御飾記, describes room ornaments in those two mansions, with drawings of shelves together with oshi-ita, and descriptions of the methods of making shelves and ways of decorating. The chigaidana in the meeting room of Higashigoten 東御殿, Ogawagosho, for example, was constructed at right angles to the oshi-ita, one bay wide (just under 2m), with upper and lower doored shelves, and there were two layers of staggered shelves (an arrangement called *shikiri chigaidana 仕切違い棚). On the top shelf was an incense burner, a tea container on a small tray, a small bowl on a tray, and on the bottom shelf were implements associated with the presentation of kaiseki 懐石 food (refined Kyoto cuisine).

These were typical of items displayed on chigaidana, which also included inkstone *suzuri 硯 boxes and writing paper, books, and tea ceremony implements like teabowls *chawan 茶碗, and bamboo tea whisks. Around this time many art objects were imported from China, so chigaidana had an important function in displaying these.



The oldest extant example of chigaidana can be seen in *Tougudou 東求堂 (Togu-Do) at Jishouji 慈照寺 (jisho-Ji) (1485), Kyoto. The chigaidana, half a bay wide, is built alongside the attached desk in a 4 1/2 mat room called Douninsai 同仁斎 (Doninsai). This set of shelves has a bottom board ji-ita 地板 with a jibukuro on top of it, a staggered shelf in the middle and one shelf board on top.

After the Momoyama period, shelves were usually constructed alongside the alcove, and there were many variations in the shape of the shelf boards. Tenbukuro and jibukuro were sometimes included.
Shelves at Katsura Rikyuu 桂離宮 (17c), and Shugakuin Rikyuu 修学院離宮 (1659), both in Kyoto, for example, have complicated structures and are constructed with great technical skill.
- source : JAANUS

ebizuka 海老束
Also written 蝦束; also hinazuka 雛束.
A small strut with chamfered corners used between two staggered shelves *chigaidana 違い棚. The two ends of the strut are cut into dovetail tenons *arihozo 蟻ほぞ and inserted into mortises arihozoana 蟻ほぞ穴 cut into the underside of the upper shelf and the top side of the lower shelf. The width of the strut is about equal to 4/10 the width of the alcove post.

fudegaeshi 筆返し
A curved wooden border attached to the end of a desk or shelf to prevent brushes and scrolls from rolling off. It is also decorative and is found on staggered shelves *chigaidana 違い棚, short writing desks fuzukue 文机 and sutra stands kyoudai 経台.
The tip of the fudegaeshi is called tomari とまり, the main body is called fudegaeshi, the lower convex curve is called hatomune 鳩胸 (pigeon breast). The width of the table or shelf extending beyond the attached border is known as ita-no-de 板の出.


a) fudegaeshi 筆返し b) ebizuka 海老束

Various types of fudegaeshi are distinguished by the shape of their cross-section.
These include: tatsunami 立波 (standing wave); wakaba 若葉 (young leaf); miyakodori 都鳥 (seagull); karaba 唐葉 (Chinese leaf); kaeshinami 返波 (returning wave), and takagashira 鷹頭 (hawks head).
- source : JAANUS


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NHK - Bi no Tsubo NHK 鑑賞マニュアル 美の壺

棚は引き算
棚は、自然のリズムを奏でる
棚は人なり



- source : NHK - Bi no Tsubo
file290 「棚」

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Chigai-dana
It is believed that the chigai-dana (or staggered shelves) evolved from earlier portable shelving systems. This theory is backed up by the continued use of portable-type shelves throughout the Muromachi period outside of the central room. It was in Yoshimasa's time that built-in shelves first appeared.

Furthermore, evidence shows that these were installed in both Yoshimasa's Kokawa palace and his Higashiyama residence. To the left is the Picture Scoll of Kasuga Gongen Miracles from the 14th Century showing the artistic evidence of the built-shelves.



The main purpose of the chigai-dana of this time was to provide a place for the artistic arrangement of books and tea utensils. The function of holding books was a direct influence of Zen monks. During this time there was extensive trade with China and Korea, which resulted in an enormous influx of literary and philosophical texts. Only after these imported texts were tea utensils displayed on these shelves. Typically this included a tea cup, tea caddy, tea whisk, food canister, tea ladle, portable fireplace, feather broom, ember poker, and water bowl.
- source : www.columbia.edu


- English reference -

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Kenninji 建仁寺 Kennin-Ji Kyoto


source : olaf-mama.at.webry


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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

永き日や何も置かれぬ違ひ棚
nagaki hi ya nani mo okarenu chigaidana

days getting longer -
nothing is placed
on the staggered shelves

Tr. Gabi Greve

Igarashi Bansui 五十嵐播水 (1899-1920)


. WKD : nagaki hi 永き日, hi nagashi 日永し day getting longer .
- - kigo for all spring - -





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鹿啼くやうす埃置く違ひ棚
shika naku ya usubokori oku chigaidana

a deer is calling -
just a little dust
on the staggered shelves

Tr. Gabi Greve

Oomine Akira 大峯あきら Omine Akira


. shika naku 鹿鳴く(しかなく) deer is calling .
- - kigo for all autumn - -

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. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .


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12/02/2014

Interior Design Japan

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Interior Design - The Japanese Home

. Japanese Architecture 日本建築 - Introduction .


Japanese Aesthetics エスセティクス - Nihon no bigaku 日本の美学
The most common terms for aesthetics and design are introduced here.
. Japanese Aesthetics .


CLICK for more photos !

Japanese interior design
Japanese interior design has a unique aesthetic derived from Taoism, Zen Buddhism, specific religious figures and the west. This aesthetic has in turn influenced western style, particularly Modernism.
Interiors are very simple, highlighting minimal and natural decoration. Traditional Japanese interiors, as well as modern, incorporate mainly natural materials including fine woods, bamboo, silk, rice straw mats, and paper shōji screens. Natural materials are used to keep simplicity in the space that connects to nature. Natural color schemes are used and neutral palettes including black, white, off-white, gray, and brown.
- snip -
Traditional materials of the interior
Japanese interior design is very efficient in the use of resources. Traditional and modern Japanese interiors have been flexible in use and designed mostly with natural materials. The spaces are used as multifunctional rooms. The rooms can be opened to create more space for a particular occasion or for more privacy, or vice versa closed-off by pulling closed paper screens called shōji.

Walls made of shōji screens ...
Tatami mats ...
Bamboo ...
Paper, or washi ...
Wood ...

A recessed space called tokonoma is often present in traditional as well as modern Japanese living rooms. This is the focus of the room and displays Japanese art, usually a painting or calligraphy.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

under construction
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. butsuma 仏間 room for the Buddhist house altar .
. . . . . butsudan 仏壇 Buddhist house altar

. byoobu, tsuitate 屏風、衝立 folding screen .

byooshitsu 病室 room for a sick person

. chabudai ちゃぶ台 / 卓袱台 / 茶部台 table for tatami rooms .
shippoku しっぽく
karazukue 唐机(からづくえ) "Chinese Tang Table"


. chanoma 茶の間 private living room "tea room" .
cha no ma, cha-no-ma

. chigaidana, chigai-dana 違い棚 staggered shelves .

chikachitsu 地下室 underground room

choozu 手水 place to wash your hands

chuunikai, chuu nikai 中二階 mezzanine "middle second floor"

. daidokoro 台所 kitchen - Introduction .
- - - - - irori 囲炉裏 / いろり open sunken hearth - and more vocabulary

daikokubashira 大黒柱 main support pillar of a wooden home "Daikoku-pillar"

doma 土間 dirt floor pit, parterre
- - - - - hiradoma 平土間 pit, orchestra, parquet

. furo 風呂, basuruumu バスルーム bathroom .
- - - - - yudono 湯殿, yokushitsu 浴室 $

. fusuma 襖 and shoji 障子 sliding door .

futobashira 太柱 core pillar

. fuyuzashiki, fuyu-zashiki 冬座敷 Japanese living room in winter .


genkan 玄関 entrance, entrance hall

gootenjoo 格天井 gotenjo, coffered ceiling

hitoma 一間 one room, one-room appartment / ikken - measure, about 1.8 m

hiroma 広間 large room (for gatherings or entertainment)


ima 居間 living room

ita no ma 板の間


kaidan 階段 staircase
- - - - - hashigodan 梯子段 (a flight of) stairs "like a ladder"

. kawaya 厠, setchin 雪隠, habakari 憚り, benjo 便所 toilet .
. . . . . kooka 後架 toilet, gofujoo 御不浄

kodomobeya 子供部屋 room for children

koshitsu 個室 private room, individual room


. kugikakushi, kugi kakushi 釘隠し "hiding the nails" nail-hiding ornament .  
and all about kugi 釘, Japanese nails
. kugi 釘 nail, Nagel - Introduction .

kyakushitsu, kyakuma 客室 / 客間 guest room


. mado 窓 window .
- - - - - mado no shikii 窓の敷居 windowsill

. menkawabashira 面皮柱 Menkawa pillar or post .


nagaoshi, naga-oshi 長押 beam running between columns

nakaniwa 中庭 "inner garden" - see Japanese Garden tba

nando 納戸 storage room, closet, back room

. natsuzashiki, natsu-zashiki夏座敷 living room in summer .


nihonma, Nihon-ma 日本間 "Japanese room"

oku no ma 奥の間

. okuzashiki 奥座敷 living room in the back .

oohiroma 大広間 banquet hall, reception hall
oosetsuma 応接間 parlor, reception room

. ranma 欄間 transom, open panel carvings .

robii ロビー loby

sanruumu サンルーム sun room

saron サロン saloon

senmenjo 洗面所 wash room, washroom

shikii, shiki-i 敷居 a wooden groove at the boundary of rooms in which sliding doors move, threshold

shinshitsu 寝室 bedroom
- - - - - nedokoro 寝所 / shinjo 寝所
- - - - - nema 寝間
- - - - - kei 閨 woman's bedroom

shoin 書院 study, drawing room
- - - - - shosai 書斎 study, library
- - - - - shoya 書屋 room for books

shokudoo 食堂 dining room

sujikai 筋交い diagonal brace


. tatami 畳 floor mats .
- - - - - tatami no ma 畳の間 $

. tansu 箪笥 / 簞笥 -- たんす chest of drawers, Kommode .


tearai, te-arai 手洗い place to wash your hands, often toilet

tenjoo 天井 ceiling

tenmado 天窓 rooflight, "window to see heaven"

. tokonoma 床の間 alcove for decorations, art nook .
- - - tokobashira 床柱 tokonoma post, alcove post

tooriniwa, toori-niwa 通り庭 earthfloored area, long doma -
. tooriniwa - inour facebook gallery .
..... tsuuro 通路, tooridoma 通り土間
- 通り庭ある京の家炭を挽く 神田敏子

tsugi no ma 次の間 ante-room, antechamber

. uguisubari うぐいす張 / 鴬張 / 鶯張り nightingale floor .

washitsu 和室 Japanese-style room

yooshitsu 洋室 / yooma 洋間 Western-style room

. zabuton 座布団 sitting cushion .

. zashiki 座敷 guest room, drawing room, sitting room .
..... zashiki karakuri 座敷からくり mechanical dolls
..... zashiki warashi 座敷童子 / ざしきわらし girl spooks



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. My collection in facebook .


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- - - - - Literature and Reference


The Japanese House: Architecture and Interiors
Alexandra Black、 Noboru Murata
The simple beauty of Japanese architecture and design has inspired many of the world's top architects and designers-Bruno Taut, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Terence Conran, to name just a few. The grace and elegance of the Japanese sensibility is reflected in both modern and traditional Japanese homes, from their fluid floor plans to their use of natural materials. In The Japanese House, renowned Japanese photographer Noboru Murata has captured this Eastern spirit with hundreds of vivid color photographs of 15 Japanese homes. As we step behind the lens with Murata, we're witness to the unique Japanese aesthetic-to the simple proportions modeled after the square of the tatami mat; to refined, rustic decor; to earthy materials like wood, paper, straw, ceramics, and textiles. This is a glorious house-tour readers can return to again and again-for ideas, inspiration, or simply admiration.
- source : www.amazon.co.jp

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Living in Japan
Alex Kerr / Kathy Arlyn Sokol (Author), Angelika Taschen (Editor), Reto Guntli (Photographer)
So rich and unique is traditional Japanese architecture that it’s hard to improve upon. Yet contemporary Japanese designers and architects keep finding new ways to refurbish and take inspiration from the ways of old. Whether it’s a pristinely preserved traditional house or a cutting-edge apartment, the best Japanese homes share a love of cleverly designed spaces and warm materials such as wood, bricks, and bamboo.
From a thatched roof farmhouse occupied by a Zen priest to Tadao Ando’s experimental 4x4 House, Shigeru Ban’s conceptual Shutter House, and a beautiful homage to bamboo in the form of a home, this book traverses the multifaceted landscape of Japanese living today. Also included is a list of addresses and a glossary of terms, such as tatami.
Text in English, French, and German
- source : www.amazon.com

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Japan the Art of Living
Amy Slyvester Katoh、 Shin Kimura

Japan Style: Architecture
Geeta Mehta

Japan: The Art of Living
Amy Sylvester

Japan Home
リサ パラモア

and more on amazon com
- source : www.amazon.co.jp/Japanese-House-Architecture-Interiors

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Modern Japanese Interior Design:
Nature atmosphere inside Home

Basically, there are thousands great ideas about home interior design that will inspire you in deciding the right home interior design, western interior design, European home interior design or maybe Asian home interior design. Asian interior design is one of great ideas; one of Asian home interior design which maybe can be great inspiration for you is Modern Japanese interior design.

Special characteristic from Modern Japanese interior design is the minimalist design; commonly Japanese homes are small home that is occupied by one family. The other Japanese home character is, commonly Japanese home involve hallway, and the hallway is located between one room and the other. The hallway is used to connect the rooms of the home. Common modern Japanese home interior design provides an outdoor terrace inside home; this way is done to give fresh air for home.

Modern Japanese interior design is inspired from Traditional Japanese home.
- source : lookhomedesign.com


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. Japanese Architecture - cultural keywords used in haiku .

. - Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .


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