Showing posts with label - - - Places and power spots. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - Places and power spots. Show all posts

12/26/2017

Places of Edo

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Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo and the Edo period



source : Wikipedia
canal system of Edo


. machi, choo 町 small town or village - districts and Haiku   .
chiku 地区 area

The wikipedia has now extensive coverage about Tokyo and the districts of Edo.
The special wards of Tokyo are:
Adachi Arakawa Bunkyo Chiyoda Chūō Edogawa Itabashi Katsushika Kita Kōtō Meguro Minato Nakano Nerima Ōta Setagaya Shibuya Shinagawa Shinjuku Suginami Sumida Taitō Toshima
The "three central wards" of Tokyo – Chiyoda, Chūō and Minato – are the business core of the city,
- source : wikipedia -


The Landmarks of Edo in Color Woodblock Prints
484 nishiki-e picturing 103 landmarks of Edo
... links to illustrated geographical booklets Edo Meisho Zue
- source : National Diet Library-


Edo Meishō Zue 江戸名所図会 “Guide to famous Edo sites”
... an illustrated guide describing famous places and depicting their scenery...
20 books divided among seven volumes. Initially published in 1834.
... conceived by Saitō Yukio Nagaaki (1737–1799) ...
- source : wikipedia -

under construction
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. Akasaka 赤坂 "the red slope" district .
- 赤坂一木町 / 一ツ木町 Akasaka Hitotsugi Cho

. Aomonochoo 青物町 Aomonocho "vegetable" district .

Aoyama 青山 - names after the estate of the Tokugawa retainer 青山忠成 Aoyama Tadanari (1551 - 1613)


"Full moon at Arakawa River" 荒川の月
川瀬 巴水 - Hasui Kawase (1883-1957) - 1929

Arakawa 荒川 river Arakawa

. Asakusa 浅草 district .
. . . . . Asakusabashi 浅草橋 Asakusa Bridge
- - - - - . Asakusa Kannon 浅草観音, temple 浅草寺 Senso-Ji . .

Ayasegawa 綾瀬川 Ayase-gawa Asakusa-dera
ukiyo-e by Kobayashi Kiyochika 小林清親
- reference : -

Azabu 麻布 a place where asa 麻 hemp grew.
- Azabu juuban 麻布十番 Asabu Juban: the 10th part of the river waterworks



. Bakurochoo, Bakuro-chō 馬喰町 Bakurocho district .

Banchoo 番町 Bancho and . Kōjimachi 麹町 / 麴町 Kojimachi district .


Chiyoda Ku 千代田区 Chiyoda Ward - list of village names 町名
Kanda chiku 神田地区 Kanda Area
- source : wikipedia -

. Daikuchoo 神田大工町 Kanda Daikucho, carpenter district .
- Umibedaikuchmachi 海辺大工町 Umibe Daikumachi carpenter district on the coast
- river 小名木川 Onagigawa /高橋 Takahashi bridge / Mannenbashi 万年橋 "Ten Thousand Year Bridge"


Echigoya 越後屋 and Mitsui 三井

Edojoo 江戸城 Edojo, Edo Castle

Edogawa 江戸川 river Edogawa
. WKD : Haiku by Kobayashi Issa.


. Eitaibashi 永代橋 Eitai-Bashi bridge .


Fujimi chaya, Fujimijaya 富士見茶屋 "tea shop to view Mount Fuji"
There were quite a few in the region.
. Meguro, 目黒 Fujimi chaya .
Zôshigaya Fujimi chaya - Teahouse at Zoshigaya / print by Hiroshige
Otome-toge Fujimi-chaya, Hakone


. Fukagawa 深川 .

. Fukiyachoo 葺屋町 Fukiyacho District of roof thatchers .
- and Kayabacho 茅場町, 南茅場町 Minami-Kayabacho



. Ginza 銀座 "Silver Guild" district .
- - - - - Ginpari, Gin Pari 銀巴里 chanson cafe in Ginza

. gofukuchoo 呉服町 Gofukucho, district of the Kimono shops .
..... Gofukubashi 呉服橋. / Gofukubashi Mitsuke Mon 呉服橋見附門 Gofukubashi Mitsuke Gate

. Gofunai, Funai 御府内 "The Lord's City" .
御府内八十八ヶ所霊場 Pilgrimage to 88 Henro Temples in Edo

. Gyootoku, Gyōtoku 船橋 と 行徳 Gyotoku .
..... Gyotoku enden 行徳塩田 Gyotoku salt fields


. Hachiman 八幡 Shrines in the Edo period .

. Hakkei 八景 Eight Views .
Sumida-gawa hakkei 隅田川八景 by Hiroshige II 広重 II
Sumida Hakkei in Edo 隅田八景
Zashiki Hakkei 座敷八景 Eight Parlor Views
Oomi Hakkei 近江八景 Omi Hakkei, Eight Views of Omi .

Hamamatsuchoo 浜松町 Hamamatsu-Cho - In the Genroku period (around 1700) the headman of this district moved in from Hamamatsu in Shizuoka.

. Himonochoo 檜物町 / 檜物丁 HimonoCho District .
quarters of the craftsmen of Hinoki cypress wood

. Himonya 碑文谷 Himonya district . - Meguro

. Hongokuchoo 本石町 Hongoku District .

. Honjo 本所 and Honchoo (Motomachi) 本町 Honcho .

. Honryoogaechoo 本両替町 Hon-Ryogae-Cho district .
- Kanefukichoo 金吹町 Kanefukicho // Kinsukechoo 金助町 Kinsukecho - related to Ginza and 金座 Kinza

. Honzaimokuchoo 本材木町 Honzaimokucho, Honzaimoku-cho district .
..... 楓川 Kaedegawa / 海運橋 Kaigunbashi

Hooraikan 鳳来館 Horaikan now an exhibition hall in Aichi

. Horidomechoo 堀留町 Horidomecho District / Horidome rivers .

. Hyakuninchoo 百人町 Hyakunincho district . - Aoyama, Shinjuku



. Iidamachi, Iida-machi 飯田町 Iidamachi district .
and 飯田橋 Iidabashi Bridge // Kudanzaka 九段坂

. Ikegami Honmonji 池上本門寺 Ikegami Honmon-Ji  temple .

Iogi 井荻
- source : japanthis.com -

. Iriya 入谷 and Taitō 台東区 Taito ward .

. Iwamotochoo, Iwamotochō 神田岩本町 Kanda Iwamotocho .
--- Benkeibashi 弁慶橋 Benkeibashi bridge / Aizomegawa 藍染川 river Aizome-gawa


. Kagurazaka - Kagurasaka 神楽坂 Ushigome Kagurazaka 牛込神楽坂 .

. Kajibashi 鍛冶橋 Kajibashi Bridge, "Blacksmith Bridge" .
Kajiyamachi 神田鍛冶屋町 "Blacksmith district" - also called
. Kanda Kajichoo, Kajimachi 千代田区 神田 鍛冶町 .


. Kamakurachoo 鎌倉町 Kamakura-Cho in Kanda, Chiyoda ward.
and - - - - - Kamakuragashi 鎌倉河岸 - 鎌倉川岸 Kamakura riverbank, Kamakura waterfront
and - - - - - Toshimaya 豊島屋 first "Izakaya 居酒屋" pub in Edo

. Kameido choo 亀戸町 Kemeido, Kame-Ido "Turtle Well" .

. Kameyama 亀山 "Turtle Mountain" .

. Kamisukichoo 紙漉町 Kamisuki-Cho, paper maker district .

Kanamachi 金町
. Kanamachi kokabu 金町こかぶ small turnips .

Kanda 神田 "field for the gods" : The land was under the directive of Ise Jingu Shrine to grow rice for the Shrine offerings.
. . Kanda - The Estate of Lord Matsudaira 松平屋敷 . - and legends

. Karasuyama teramachi 烏山寺町 Karasuyama Temple Town . - Setagaya

. Kasugachoo 春日町 Kasugacho District, Kasuga-Cho - 練馬 Nerima, Bunkyo

. Kawasaki district 川崎 - Tokaido .

. Kiba 木場 "place for wood" - lumberyards and carpenters .

. Kijichoo 雉子町 Kiji-Cho "pheasant district" wood-craft workers .
Kanda Kijibashi bridge 雉子橋 Kiji-Bashi, now in 千代田区神田 Chiyoda ward

Kioichoo 紀尾井町 Kioi-Cho : The main estate (kami yashiki) of the Tokugawa family estates from 紀州徳川家 Kishu and 尾張徳川家 Owari were located here. The 中屋敷 "middle estate" of the 井伊家 Ii clan was also located here. In the Edo period, this was mainly the name of the slope.

. Kodenmachō 小伝馬町 Kodenmacho district .
- - - - - with the royashiki 江戸幕府が牢屋敷 main prison

Koganei 小金井
. Koganei 小金井 vegetables .

. Koishikawa 小石川 - and Koishikawa Garden .
- - - - - Sashigaya 指ヶ谷 / さしがや - - - - - Hakusan 白山

. Konyachoo, Konyachō 神田紺屋町 Kanda Konya-Cho, Kon'ya cho
Konyamachi, district for indigo cloth dyers . .


. Koogazaka 甲賀坂 Koga slope . Chioda, Surugadai

. Koojimachi, Kōjimachi 麹町 / 麴町 Kojimachi district .

. Kuramae 倉前 The Bakufu Rice Granaries .

. Kyoobashi 京橋 Kyobashi Bridge .


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お江戸の地名の意外な由来 - - 中江克己

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Magome 馬込
. Magome vegetables .

. Matsuchiyama 真乳山 / 待乳山 .

. Matsugaechoo 松枝町 / 松ヶ枝町 Matsugae-Cho district .

. Meguro 目黒 and Meguro no Sanma  目黒の秋刀魚 .
- - - . Meguro Fudoo 目黒不動 Meguro Fudo Temple .
- - - - - Kami-Meguro - The Shogun's Hawk-Hunting Grounds
- source : Edomatsu -


. Nagasaki 長崎 in Toshima ward .

Naitoo 内藤 Naito see Shinjuku, 内藤新宿 Naito Shinjuku
. Naito Kabocha Pumpkin .

Negishi 根岸
. wabizumai 根岸の里の侘び住まい - the abode of Masaoka Shiki in Negishi   .


. nihon, nippon  日本 Japan .

Nihonbashi 日本橋 "Japan Bridge" in Edo / Tokyo  

. Ningyoochoo, Ningyōchō  人形町 Ningyocho, Ningyo-Cho .


Odaiba お台場 a large artificial island in Tokyo Bay for defensive purposes.
Egawa Hidetatsu 江川英龍太郎左衛門 designed and built the battery emplacements at the entrance of Edo harbour at Odaiba in 1853/54, following the 1853 visit of Commodore Perry and his promise to return the following year.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - Odaiba, Eco-friendly Town - source : web-japan.org/tokyo/ -


. Odenmacho 大伝馬町 The Communications Center .

. okechoo, okemachi、桶町 Okecho, "Bucket district" in Edo .

Ootemachi 大手町 Otemachi : The place of the former 大手門 Ote-Mon "Big, main Gate" to Edo castle.

. Renjakuchoo, Kanda renjaku machi 神田連雀町 Renjaku-Cho district .

. Rokugō no watashi 六郷の渡し Rokugo river crossing .

. Ryoogoku, Ryōgoku 両国 Ryogoku district and bridge 両国橋  .


. Saeki 神田佐柄木町 Kanda Saeki-cho, Kanda Saekicho .

. Sakai Cho 堺町 Sakai in Edo .
- - - - - Edo Sanza 江戸三座 - the three famous Kabuki theaters of Edo
堺町・葺屋町 Sakai Machi
木挽町 Kobiki choo
猿若町 Saruwaka choo. later renamed Nakamura-za

. Sakuma 神田佐久間町 Kanda Sakuma-cho, Sakumacho .

. Sakuradamon Gate 桜田門 and Ii Naosuke 井伊直弼 (1860) .

. Saruechoo 猿江町 Sarue Cho and 猿藤太 Mashira no Tota.

. Sengakuji (Senkakuji) 泉岳寺 Sengaku-Ji and the 47 Ronin .

. Senju 千住 Senju district .

. Setomonocho 瀬戸物町 "Potter's district" .

. Shakujii 石神井 - Nerima ward .

. Shiba 芝 / 柴村 Shiba mura / 芝町 Shiba machi   .

. Shiba-Ura 芝浦 Shibaura and fishing in Edo .

. Shinagawa (品川区, Shinagawa-ku) .

Shinbashi 新橋 "new bridge" : Around 1705, the river 汐溜川 Shiodomegawa became a new bridge. The original name of the bridge was 芝口橋 Shibaguchibashi.


. Shinjuku 新宿 - Naitoo Shinjuku 内藤新宿 Naito Shinjuku .

. Shin-Yanagibashi 新柳橋 . ... and Kappa raincoats

. Shirakabechoo 神田白壁町 Kanda Shirakabe-Cho district .

. Shitaya 下谷 and Taitō 台東区 Taito ward . - Ueno

. Shizutani Gakkoo 閑谷学校 Shizutani School of the Ikeda clan, Okayama .

. Somei 染井 - uekiya 植木屋 gardeners .
伊兵衛三之烝 Ihei Sannojo

. Sotobori 外堀 / そとぼり / 外濠 outer moat of Edo castle .

. Sumidagawa River 隅田川 and Katsushika 葛飾 .

. Surugadai 駿河台 . - Chioda
Suidobashi Surugadai 水道橋駿河台 / Kanda Surugadai 神田駿河台
and
Surugachoo 駿河町 Suruga Cho, Suruga Quarter, Suruga village, Suruga street (near Nihonbashi) / Suruga-Machi 駿河町 


Tansumachi 箪笥町 - Gofunai temple 22

. Takanawa district 高輪, Takanawadai 高輪台   .
Takanawa Okido 高輪 大木戸 The Great Gate of Takanawa  

Takinogawa 滝野川
. Takinogawa ninjin 滝野川人参 carrots .

. Tamagawa Joosui 多摩川上水 Tamagawa Josui Kanal .

. Tooriaburachoo, Tōriabura-chō 通油町 Toriaburacho District .

. Tsukiji Fish Market 築地市場 .
. . . . . Tsukiji - Visit to a Kabuki Theater
- source : Edomatsu -

. Tsukudajima 佃島 / 佃嶌 The Island Tsukuda  .
. . . . . and Tsukuda Sumiyoshi Shrine 住吉神社


. Ueno district 上野 .

. Ukiyo-e ni miru Edo no meisho  浮世絵 Famous places in Edo on Ukiyo-E paintings .

. Unemegahara 采女ヶ原 Uneme plain - Unemebashi 采女橋 Uneme bridge .
Matsudaira Uneme no Sho 松平采女正 Sadamoto 定基 (1687 - 1759)

. Uogashi 魚河岸  the Fish Market .
- - - - - now - Tsukiji Fish Market 築地市場

. Ushigome 牛込 .
. . . . . Ushigome Fukuromachi 江戸牛込袋町


Waseda 早稲田


. Yagenbori 薬研堀 "Yagen Canal".

. Yaguchi no watashi 矢ノ口渡 river crossing at Yaguchi village .
and the death of Nitta Yoshioki 新田義興 (? - 1358)

. Yamanote 山の手 and Shitamachi 下町 .

. Yanaka 谷中 Temple town .

. Yaraichoo 矢来町 Yarai-Cho "Palisade quarter" - Ushigome Yaraicho 牛込矢来町 .

. Yatsukooji 八つ小路 Yatsukoji district . - "Eight small streets"

. Yayosugashi district 八代洲河岸 / Yaesu 八重洲 .

. Yokoyamachoo, Yokoyama-chō 日本橋 横山町 Nihonbashi Yokoyama-cho .
Bakuro-Yokoyama is a now district in Tokyo Shitamachi.

. Yoshiwara 葦原 / 吉原 pleasure quarters, red-light district .
- - - - - Okabasho 岡場所 "Place on a Hill"

. Yoyogi 代々木 .
- - - - - Yoyogi Hachimangu, Yoyogi Shusse Inari

. Yushima 湯島 - Yushima Tenjin Shrine .

. Yuurakuchoo, Yūrakuchō 有楽町 Yuraku-Cho district, Yurakucho .

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. Shrines of Edo 江戸の神社 - INFO .

. Temples of Edo 江戸のお寺 - INFO .

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地名で読む江戸の町 / 大石学


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Explore Edo - Nineteenth-Century Edo Project
-- Maeda Ai



"There is congealed in the ōezu maps of Edo a peculiar compositional mode that fades from view when we look back from the perspective of a maps of Tokyo which introduced modern surveying techniques. At the center of the map is the white space of the shogun’s castle overlaid with the hollyhock crest of the Tokugawa around which is a mosaic of streets and daimyō residences reproduced with great precision. [...] This cartographic vision which scarcely changed for two hundred years suggests an image of urban space as it was understood by the people of early modern Japan.
It is a series of concentric circles with the castle at the center."
- source : -


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. WKD : Place Names used in Haiku - Utamakura .


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11/10/2017

Himonya district

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Himonya 碑文谷 Himonya district

This is a very old district, dating back to the Muromachi period, when it was called
Himonoyoya 檜物屋 District of woodworkers with Japanese cypress
Now part of 目黒区 Meguro Ward.
Its name is a kind of pun with the sound and meaning of himon (hibun) 碑文 meaning "inscription on a stone".



Many woodworkers lived there.
. himonoshi 檜物師 "artisan making things from Hinoki cypress wood" .
also called magemonoshi 曲物師 craftsmen of bentwood products
kurimono 刳物 "bent things"
Himonoshi craftsmen also lived in
Himonochoo 檜物町 / 檜物丁 Himono Cho District in Edo
close to Nihonbashi - 東京都中央区八重洲一丁目 / 1 Chome Yaesu, Chūō ward


. hinoki 檜 or 桧 Japanese cypress .
Chamaecyparis obtusa


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碑文谷八幡宮 Himonya Hachimangu
目黒区碑文谷三丁目7番3号 / 3 Chome-7-3 Himonya, Meguro



The Shrine dates back to the Kamakura period and has thus a long history. Hatakeyama Shigetada 畠山重忠 (1164 - 1205), a vassal of Minamoto no Yoritomo, came to this shrine to pray for victory in war.
A vassal of Hatakeyama, 榛沢六郎 Hanzawa Rokuro, built a sanctuary for Inari 稲荷社 with a himon seki 碑文石 stone inscription of the name of Himonya 碑文谷.
The stone is 75 cm high, 45 cm wide and 10 cm thick. It was made in the Muromachi period.



In the middle is the Sanscrit letter for 大日如来 Dainichi Nyorai, on the left 勢至菩薩 Seishi Bosatsu and on the right 観音菩薩 Kannon Bosatsu.

Some say the name of Himonya derives from the 碑文 Himon (Hibun) inscription of this stone.

The original 社殿 Shaden Hall was erected in 1674 and rebuilt in 1872. In 1877 it was again refurbished.
The shrine also has a famous 神楽殿 Kagura-Den for Kagura dance performances.
With the separation of Buddhism and Shintoism, part of it became the temple 円融寺 Enyu-Ji (former 法華寺 Hokke-Ji).
The compound is famous for a long row of cherry trees from the first to the second Torii gate.

Sakura matsuri 桜まつり Cherry Blossom Festival during the season.
The main Shrine festival is in Mid-September.

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目黒の筍 bamboo shoots from Meguro
They were grown in the 碑文谷村 Himonya village since 1772.
After visiting the famous Meguro Fudo Temple, people would come here to buy the vegetables.



. Edo Yasai 江戸伝統野菜 Traditional vegetables from Edo .


. Meguro Fudo Temple 目黒不動尊 .
天台宗 泰叡山 瀧泉寺


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

wara no ryuu 藁の龍 dragon from straw
碑文谷八幡宮 Himonya Hachimangu

Sometimes at the Torii gate of the shrine appeared a large straw rope. looking like a dragon with its tail on the ground.
It is said to be a huge serpent from Mount Fuji coming to protect the Shrine from fire.
In times of drought, people came here for rain rituals.



A Torii gate with a straw rope of a dragon/ snake at shrine
Okusawa Jinja 奥澤神社
東京都世田谷区奥沢五丁目22番1号 / 5 Chome-22-1 Okusawa, Setagaya
The shrine is related to Himonya Shrine.

Okusawa shrine is a quiet emerald in a simple neighborhood, only a few stops from Meguro station on the Yamanote Line. Built during the Edo Period, a huge snake made of straw lies guarding its entrance, wrapped heavily around the stone torii gate. Walk under this, and past the burly protective shisa lion-dogs, and the world behind you falls away.
... To the left behind Okusawa shrine is a little hollow. A tree stands tall, surrounded by low benches. A bamboo fountain bleeds water into another basin, which flows in turn into a shallow moat that runs around the main shrine. Here is another altar – the Cave of the Dragon – which is said to provide the snake at the entrance with its serpentine spine.
Other small figures are hidden in the plants, all in the name of different spirits and gods.
- source : voyapon.com/tokyo-okusawa-shrine -

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Himonya Nio 碑文谷仁王
The Korean statue carver 安阿弥 Annami made the Nio Statues of the temple 妙光山法華寺 Myokozan Hokkeji in the old village of
Bushu, Ebara district, Himonya village 武州荏原郡碑文谷村.
In 1772 Annami became ill when he was about 25 years old and prayed for healing in the hall for many days. On the last day of his vow - indeed - his illness was healed.




碑文谷 法華寺 
(江戸名所図会 Edo Meisho Zue)

On the left side is the inscription 八まん Hachiman - short for 碑文谷八幡宮 Himonya Hachimangu.
Hokke-Ji was built in the Heian period by 天台宗 the Tendai sect. During the Kamakura period it belonged to the 日蓮宗 Nichiren sect and in the middle of the Edo period it came back to the Tendai sect. At the end of the Edo period it was re-named 円融寺 Enryu-Ji.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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11/02/2017

Kameido district

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Kameido choo 亀戸町 Kemeido, Kame-Ido "Turtle Well"
Kōtō 江東区 Kōtō-ku, Koto, "East of River" - there are 45 districts in Koto, one of them is Kameido.



The water of the old 亀戸村 Kemeido village in Edo was very good, and the place with its many wells 井戸 used to be called 亀ヶ井, then written 亀井戸 and finally shortened to 亀戸.

Near the Tenjin Shrine in Kameido 亀戸天神宮 there is a Heart Pond, which is famous for its turtles and plum blossoms, but also the wisteria later in the year.


Garyoobai 臥龍梅 Plum tree - 広重 Hiroshige

- reference : kameido garyobai plum -


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. Honjo 本所 Honjo district .
On the fringe of these vast stretches of farmland, in the green and pleasant districts neighboring Honjo, are many famous sightseeing spots that are popular with samurai and townspeople alike. Immediately to the east of the main residential area, a five or ten minute boat ride down Tatekawa canal, is the Kameido Tenjin shrine.
This shrine is dedicated to Sugawara Michizane, the god of knowledge, and many students come here to pray before taking their exams. However, that is not the main attraction of the temple. On the banks of a large reflecting pond in front of the temple are hundreds of wisteria vines, which have been carefully tended over hundreds of years, growing on trellises that hang over the still green water of the pond. In late May, when the wisteria are in full bloom, the entire area is a sea of purple blossoms. The long, dangling wisteria blooms reflected in the greenish water make a very picturesque topic for artists; some of the most famous ukiyoe prints depict the gardens at Kameido Tenjin.
Incidentally, Kameido literally means "turtle well". As the name suggests, the pond at Kameido Tenjin is filled with hundreds of turtles, though the temple has been around for so long that no one is sure whether the temple was named after the turtles in this pond, or whether the pond was built to match the name of the temple.


亀戸天神社 Shrine Kameido Tenjinsha






The Bullfinch from shrine Kameido Tenjin - uso kae 鷽替え 亀戸

. Usokae shinji : Bullfinch-exchanging ritual .



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Helen Hyde

. Wisteria at Kameido 亀戸の藤.

kono fuji wa hayaku sakitari Kameido no
fuji sakamaku wa tooka mari nochi

these wisteria
have bloomed early...
the blossoming of
those at Kameido will be
more than ten days later


Tanka by Masaoka Shiki
Tr. Janine Beichman


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. Kobayashi Issa .

心の字に水も流れて梅の花
shin no ji ni mizu mo nagarete ume no hana

water flowing over
the word "heart"...
plum blossoms


More literally, "water also is flowing/ over the word heart..." The mo ("also") suggests that the water is flowing over other things as well, not mentioned. In one text, the poem has the headnote, "Offering at Tenshin Shrine."

This suggests to Robin D. Gill that the character for "heart" may be carved on a stone that is somehow positioned so that water flows over it. The water might be the purifying well water with which people who enter the shrine wash their hands and mouths, flowing into a drain channel containing the carved "heart," or perhaps a stream is flowing through the area, over an engraved stone. Either way, Issa juxtaposes flowing water, the word "heart," and plum blossoms. The deep connection between these three elements of the poem is only hinted at.
Tr. and Comment : David Lanoue

Near the Tenshin Shrine in Kameido (Edo) 「亀戸天神宮」there is a Heart Pond, which is famous for its plum blossoms, but also the wisteria (fuji) later in the year. The shrine is also called: Kameido Tenman Gu.




亀戸天神境内 - 広重 Hiroshige


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. Edo dentoo yasai 江戸伝統野菜 Traditional vegetables of Edo .



Kameido Daikon 亀戸大根 large radish from Kameido
The Kameido daikon, despite its name, is not to be found anywhere in Kameido.
Initially grown as the local radish of the Kameido area during the Bunkyu era, its production was moved out of town more than a century ago. Its pale color and small, carrot-like shape earned it such endearing names as okame daikon and otafuku daikon, both of which refer to a traditional mask of a white-faced woman having a prominent forehead, puffed cheeks, and a small nose. Sown in the fall and harvested in early spring, it quickly came to be widely cultivated as a precious winter vegetable. But with the wave of urbanization set off by the opening of a local train station in 1904, farmlands soon disappeared from Kameido.
The Kameido daikon found a new home in Takasago, Katsushika Ward, eight kilometers to the northwest.


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Kameido Jiken 亀戸事件 Kameido Incident
- quote -
The Kameido incident took place in 1923 in the aftermath of the Great Kantō earthquake.
On September 1, 1923, the Great Kantō earthquake struck Tokyo and Yokohama and martial law was imposed in the aftermath of the earthquake.
On the evening of September 3, the Kameido police in Tokyo began arresting known social activists, suspecting that they would "spread disorder or forment revolution amid the confusion". During the mass arrests, police arrested union leader Hirasawa Keishichi, and Nakatsuji Uhachi, a member of the Pure Laborers' Union. The Special Higher Police arrest seven members of the Nankatsu Labor Association. Army troops detained an eighth member of the association, Sato Kinji.
Between late at night on September 3 and September 5,
troops of the 13th Cavalry Regiment on emergency duty in Kameido shot and decapitated Hirasawa and nine others. They disposed of the bodies, together with those of Korean and Chinese massacre victims, along the banks of the Arakawa drainage canal. The police issued an official notice on October 14, claiming that troops had shot the men because they were agitating prisoners. The following year, the Liberal Lawyers' Association and union leaders worked to bring the facts to light and establish responsibility, with partial success. Police claimed to have cremated the remains of the victims. With no remains to bury, a memorial service was held in February 1924.
- List of Victims of the Kameido Incident
- source : wikipedia -



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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

In 1727 around the New Year,
there was a hikari mono 光物 strange light coming from the forest of the Shrine 香取明神社 Katori Myojinsha, located East of 亀戸天神社 Kameiod Tenjinsha.
And soon later, with a loud screeching sound, 神木の松の木 the sacred pine tree fell down. In its branches was a white 御幣 ritual wand.
Soon there was a rumor that this was 常陸国の安馬大明神 the Deity from a Shrine in Hitachi province, who had come for a visit.


In 1785 from the 3rd day till the 9th day of the 6th lunar month
there was a rain ritual and 歌会 poetry reading performed at Kameido Tenjin. While the ritual lasted, it was raining, but after that it stopped to rain.
So on the next day, only the first part of a poem was read and rain started.
On the 11th day the second part of the poem was read and the rain stopped.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

亀戸の湯屋のけむりや初天神
Kameido no yuya no kemuri ya hatsu tenjin

smoke of
the public bath in Kameido -
first Tenjin ceremony

Tr. Gabi Greve

加藤松薫 Kato Shoku

. Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真 .
Hatsu Tenjin 初天神 First visit to a Tenjin Shrine
- - kigo for the New Year - -


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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10/20/2017

Sashigaya Koishikawa

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Sashigaya 指ヶ谷 / さしがや in Koishikawa
- 指ヶ谷町 Sashigaya-choo


Koishikawa 小石川, District within Bunkyo, Tokyo. - see below

- quote -
Scenography and the city form
Tokyo is based upon an ortography of seven hills and five corresponding valleys, the intersection of which necessitated specific responses in spatial planning and gave the city its physical form.
The seven hills include the highlands of Ueno, Hongo, Koishikawa-Mejiro, Ushigome, Yotsuya-Kojimachi, Akasaka-Azabu, and Shiba-Shirogane.
The valleys of Sendai-Shinobazu, Sashigaya, Hirakawa, Tameike, and Furukawa weave in-between the highlands, giving the city a bi-fold distinction.
- source : architokyo.wordpress.com/empty-centre-symbolism... -

The old name of Sashigaya was lost in 1966 and is now incorporated as
白山 Hakusan with 5 sub-districts. The Hakusan Shrine is in the 5th district.



Once the 3rd Shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu was hunting with hawks in the hills of this area, a wilderness of sorts. When the hawk was set free, it flew away in great speed. Iemitsu tried hard to follow it and saw it disappear in a valley. He stretched out (sashi) his finger and called "this valley, this valley" (ya).
Hence the name of the valley was born "finger-pointing valley".
And soon after, around 1634, farmers settled in the valley. In 1747 the growing village was put under the jurisdiction of the Machi Bugyo Magistrate.




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「段彩陰影図 / 小石川2」  
中央で二つの谷筋が合流している付近が指谷で、岬状に突き出す台地の先に白山神社が祀られています。なお、オレンジ線は区境ですが、大半が文京区です。

白山下交差点  
正面が小石川台に上る蓮華寺坂、右手手前が白山坂、左手手前が浄心寺坂でいずれも本郷台に上ります。江戸時代には五差路でしたが、明治末に旧白山通りが開通し、六差路になりました。  

浄心寺坂  → 「
江戸名所図会 / 丸山浄心寺」にも描かれており、坂の中腹にある浄心寺からのネーミングです。坂下の左手には千川屋敷がありました。右手には八百屋お七の墓所のある円城寺が現存しています。
- reference source : blog.goo.ne.jp/kawawalk... -


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a square manhole
- detailed walk and photos from modern Sashigaya and Hakusan-doori 白山通り
- reference source : ankyoneko.exblog.jp... -


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Katsushika Hokusai 礫川雪ノ旦/小石川雪ノ旦
snow at the tea house in Koishikawa

Koishikawa (小石川) is a locality within Bunkyo, Tokyo.
It is located nearby with the same name are two well regarded gardens: the Koishikawa Botanical Garden (related to Tokyo University) in Hakusan, and the Koishikawa Korakuen Garden in Korakuen.

Koishikawa Garden
The construction was started in 1629 by Tokugawa Yorifusa, the daimyo (feudal lord) of Mito domain, and was completed by his successor, Tokugawa Mitsukuni.

Mitsukuni named this garden "Kōraku-en"
(Kōraku means "enjoying afterwards") after a Chinese teaching of "a governor should worry before people and enjoy after people". The garden shows strong Chinese character in its design, as it was influenced by the West Lake of Hangzhou.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Koishikawa Denzu-In, Dentsu-in, Dentsuin 小石川伝通院 .

. Koishikawa 小石川養生所 Koishikawa Yojosho Hospital .

. Matsuo Basho in Koishikawa 松尾芭蕉 小石川 .


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- - - - - Hakusan 白山
A part of Old Edo with the atmosphere of Shitamachi. The name "White Mountain", refers to the Shrine located in this district.


小石川白山権現社 Koishikawa Hakusan Gongen Sha
東京都文京区白山五丁目31番26号 / 5 Chome-31-26 Hakusan, Bunkyō-ku, Tōkyō
『江戸名所図会』Edo Meisho Zue

This shrine was under the patronage of the Edo Bakufu government. The second Shogun Hidetada moved the Shrine from 本郷一丁目 Hongo first district to its present location near the 御薬園 Go-Yakuen Garden for medicinal herbs, part of the Koishikawa Botanical Gardens.


Hakusan Jinja 白山神社 Hakusan Gongen 白山権現社

. 東京十社 Tokyo Jissha - ten important shrines of Tokyo .

. Hakusan shrines 白山神社 in Japan - Introduction .


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- Hiroshige 広重

白山傾城か窪 Hakusan Keijogakubo
Hakusan-jinya Shrine, which is also the origin of the area name, was an enshrinement of Kaga Hakusan's Hakusan-jinja Shrine and the village shrine for Koishikawa. The shrine flourished as the major shrine for worship of Hakusan in Edo. T
he Hakusan-jinja Shrine was relocated to its present position when 5代将軍綱吉 the 5th Shogun Tsunayoshi was the head of the Tatebayashi Clan, and the Koishikawa Goten (a stately mansion at Koishikawa, also known as Hakusan Goten) was constructed at the site of the ruins. The mansion drew water from the Sen-kawa River and was surrounded by a moat and was said to have been a very picturesque site.
After the death of Tsunayoshi, the residence was abandoned, and in 貞享年間 the Jokyo Era (1684-88), the 小石川薬園 Koishikawa Yakuen (a garden for medicinal herbs) was established on the site. At present the site is The University of Tokyo affiliated 小石川植物園 Koishikawa Botanical Gardens.
The Nakasendo Highway branch off of the Nikko Highway at 駒込追分 Komagome-Oiwake passed through Hakusan, and the area was commonly called 鶏声ヶ窪(傾城ヶ窪) Kaiseigakubo. It is said this is because the sound of a bird crying was heard every morning in 下総古河藩下屋敷 the Shimosa Koga Clan villa, and when the location the bird cry was heard from was dug up, 金の鶏 a golden rooster was found.
- source : ndl.go.jp/landmarks... -

. kinkei 金鶏と伝説 Legends about the golden rooster .


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the tomb of 八百屋お七 Yaoya Oshichi



. Yaoya no O-Shichi Greengrocer's Daughter Oshichi .
and the Big Fire in Tenna' or 'Oshichi-fire'.


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- quote -
Yukio Ozaki 尾崎行雄 Ozaki Yukio
(December 24, 1859 – October 6, 1954) was a liberal Japanese politician, born in modern-day Sagamihara, Kanagawa. Ozaki served in the House of Representatives of the Japanese Diet for 63 years (1890–1953). He is still revered in Japan as the "God of constitutional politics" and the "father of the Japanese Constitution."
..... Yukio and his brother Yukitaka went to the United States in 1888 but Ozaki could not endure the temperature extremes and could not sleep in the heat of New York City and Washington, D.C. He sailed back to Japan via England and was then elected to his first term in the Japanese Imperial Diet. .....
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

When he returned to Japan, he took up residence in Sashigaya in Tokyo's Koishikawa district


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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10/06/2017

Akasaka district

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Akasaka 赤坂 "the red slope" district



1. HIE SHRINE
2. NATIONAL DIET BUILDING
3. NATIONAL DIET LIBRARY
4. SUNTORY MUSEUM OF ART
5. THE NATIONAL THEATER
The station area of Akasaka is full of offices and during the day it is busy with salarimen running about, but in the evening it relaxes and becomes a nightlife area of narrow streets with pubs and restaurants. It's not really a tourist area, but there are some things to check out in the nearby vicinity.
- source : tokyopocketguide.com/tokyo/akasaka -

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- quote
a residential and commercial district of Minato, Tokyo, Japan, located west of the government center in Nagatachō and north of the Roppongi nightlife district.
Akasaka (including the neighboring area of Aoyama) was a ward of Tokyo City from 1878 to 1947, and maintains a branch office of the Minato City government.
Hikawa Shrine
Nogi Shrine
Takahashi Korekiyo's residence and memorial park
- - - - - In neighbouring Moto-Akasaka (literally "original Akasaka") to the North:
Akasaka Palace (State Guest House)
Togu Palace Residence of the Crown Prince of Japan
- more in the wikipedia

There are many sub-districts in Akasaka
Akasaka 1 to 9, 赤坂一丁目 to 赤坂九丁目 / 元赤坂町 Moto-Asakusa

一ツ木町(赤坂一ツ木町)Hitotsugi (see below)
葵町(赤坂葵町)Akasaka Aoi
台町(赤坂台町)Akasaka Daimachi
桧町(赤坂桧町)Akasaka Hinoki
表町(赤坂表町)Akasaka Omotecho
新町(赤坂新町)Akasaka Shinmachi
田町(赤坂田町)Akasaka Tamachi
榎坂町(赤坂榎坂町)
新坂町(赤坂新坂町)
溜池町(赤坂溜池町)
丹後町(赤坂丹後町)
伝馬町(赤坂伝馬町)
中ノ町(赤坂中ノ町)
氷川町(赤坂氷川町)
福吉町(赤坂福吉町)
霊南坂町(赤坂霊南坂町)
青山権田原町(赤坂青山権田原町)
青山六軒町(赤坂青山六軒町)

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. Hikawa Jinja 氷川神社 Akasaka 赤坂 .
東京都港区赤坂6-10-12

. Nogi Jinja 乃木神社 .
8 Chome-11-27 Akasaka

. Akasaka Mitsuke 赤坂見附 .
and the 弁慶濠 Benkei Moat

. Akasaka Tameike 赤坂溜池 Akasaka Pool .


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- quote -
Minato-ku, Akasaka
The general name for the area around Akasaka-mon Gate. There are many theories on the origin of the area's name, including that it was a saka (Kinokuni-zaka Hill) which lead to Akaneyama (the land of the Kii Tokugawa residence, which was once said to have produced akane (Japanese madder)) and that it was a place with a red dirt hill.


Kinokuni-zaka akasaka tameike enkei 紀の国坂赤坂溜池遠景 - Hiroshige 広重

From the early Edo Period, a large number of Daimyo (feudal lords) residences and homes of vassals of the shogun, and thus surrounded by the homes of the samurai class, the area formed into a region with many tradesmen and merchant homes and temples.


Akasaka kiribatake 赤坂桐畑 - Hiroshige 広重

Nishiki-e often pictured fields of kiri paulownia trees and Kinokuni-zaka Hill (so named as it was along the side of the Kii Tokugawa residence). Paulownia trees were planted as reinforcement for the cisterns as they are fast growing trees.
- source : National Diet Library -

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Akasaka hitotsugi choo 赤坂一木町 / 一ツ木町
The original spelling was hito-tsugi 人継 "relay of people",
since the hamlet was located on an exit road of Edo and horses and porters were on relay station here.
Now the spelling is hitotsu-gi 一ツ木 "one tree".
The hamlet was written 人継村, later一木村, Hitotsugi Village.

The name was lost in 1966, when the district was incorporated to Akasaka 4 and 5 赤坂四丁目と赤坂五丁目.


The 一ツ木通り Hitotsugi Street is still seen today.

When Tokugawa Ieyasu begun to live in Edo in 1590, he had about 140 people from 伊賀 Iga come to live here and attend to his hawking tours.

Around 1696, the residence of the city magistrate 大岡忠相 Oka Tadasuke Echizen no Kami was located here. The 豊川稲荷 Toyokawa Inari Shrine in the compound is still there now.
More townspeople came to live here,
including craftsmen making containers for tea and tobacco, geta 下駄 sandals and 筆 writing pens.

. Ōoka Tadasuke 大岡忠相 Oka Echizen 大岡越前 .
(1677 – 1752)

Before the war, it was the location of 近衛歩兵第二旅団司令部 the Konoe Shidan imperial guard.


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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8/06/2017

Iidamachi district

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Iidamachi, Iida-machi 飯田町 Iidamachi district and Kudanzaka

This district got its name during the time of Tokugawa Ieyasu.
In 1590, when Ieyasu inspected the area around his new residence in Edo, he found that in this area there lived only 17 farming families.
The head of one of them was 飯田喜兵衛 Iida Kihei,
who served as guide for Ieyasu. Kihei knew all the details of the area and could answer to all the questions of Ieyasu, so he was made headman of the area, and Ieyasu gave it his name, Iida-machi.


Iidamachi was later part of the Shitamachi downtown districts for the townspeople. One hill above it was called
飯田町中坂 Iidamachi Nakazaka



There was also the slope Kudanzaka 九段坂 on the hillside, which was called 飯田坂Iidazaka before the settlement of the nine sub-slopes.

The river along its borders was 飯田川 Iidagawa, with a bridge called 俎橋 Manaitabashi (lit. Chopping Board Bridge). The Manaita area was a busy river port, with a lot of food landing here.
Many people working for the kitchen of the Shogun (賄方 makanaikata) lived here.
The district was even jokingly called 台所町 Daidokoro-cho, "Kitchen district".


千代田村があって14軒の中の1軒が飯田喜兵衛 Home of Iida Kihei in Chiyoda-mura village

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. Iidabashi 飯田橋 Iidabashi Bridge .



Iidabashi Station (飯田橋駅 Iidabashi-eki)
is a major interchange railway station which straddles Tokyo's Chiyoda, Shinjuku and Bunkyō wards. It was originally built as Iidamachi Station (albeit in a slightly different location), terminus of the then Kobu railway, precursor to today's Chūō Line.

Iidamachi Station (飯田町駅 Iidamachi-eki)
was a railway station on the Chūō Main Line located in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
Iidamachi Station was operated by Kōbu Railway, Japanese Government Railways, Japanese National Railways and Japan Freight Railway Company (JR Freight). Its location was 0.5 km from Suidōbashi Station and 0.4 km from Iidabashi Station.
The station was built in 1895 as the terminal of the Kōbu Railway, a predecessor of the present Chūō Main Line. It ceased to serve passengers in 1933, but continued to serve freight until 1997. - March 9, 1999 - Station officially closes.
After the closure, the site of the station was redeveloped and became a business district named I-Garden Air. One of the buildings in the area is the headquarters of JR Freight.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !





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Kudanzaka 九段坂 Kusansaka, Kudan slope


九段坂 - 牛ヶ淵 Kudanzaka Ushigabuchi
Utagawa, Hiroshige




東京名所 九段さかの灯籠 Kudanzaka Lighthouse (Kudanzaka tôrô)
広重、安藤徳兵エ Hiroshige III, Ando Tokobei

東京名所 Tokyo meisho
- source : mfa.org/collections -


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- quote
... luxury is said to have been prodigious when Tanuma Okitsugu was in power, but the commoners were still quite plainly dressed, as may be seen from the fact that among the inhabitants of Iidamachi Edo there was only a single person who possessed a haori (coat) and this gentleman was so afraid of gossip that he never put on the haori until out of sight of his neighbours.
----- The Economic Aspects of the History of the Civilization of Japan
By Yosaburō Takekoshi
- source : books.google.co.jp/books

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In the Nakazaka district lived the famous writer
. Takizawa Bakin 滝沢馬琴 / Kyokutei Bakin 曲亭馬琴 . (1767 - 1848)


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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