Showing posts with label - - - Places and power spots. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - Places and power spots. Show all posts

12/26/2017

Places of Edo

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Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo and the Edo period



source : Wikipedia
canal system of Edo


. machi, choo 町 small town or village - districts and Haiku   .
chiku 地区 area

The wikipedia has now extensive coverage about Tokyo and the districts of Edo.
The special wards of Tokyo are:
Adachi Arakawa Bunkyo Chiyoda Chūō Edogawa Itabashi Katsushika Kita Kōtō Meguro Minato Nakano Nerima Ōta Setagaya Shibuya Shinagawa Shinjuku Suginami Sumida Taitō Toshima
The "three central wards" of Tokyo – Chiyoda, Chūō and Minato – are the business core of the city,
- source : wikipedia -



The Landmarks of Edo in Color Woodblock Prints
484 nishiki-e picturing 103 landmarks of Edo
... links to illustrated geographical booklets Edo Meisho Zue
- source : National Diet Library-



Edo Meishō Zue 江戸名所図会 “Guide to famous Edo sites”
... an illustrated guide describing famous places and depicting their scenery...
20 books divided among seven volumes. Initially published in 1834.
... conceived by Saitō Yukio Nagaaki (1737–1799) ...
- source : wikipedia -

under construction
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. Aomonochoo 青物町 Aomonocho "vegetable" district .


"Full moon at Arakawa River" 荒川の月
川瀬 巴水 - Hasui Kawase (1883-1957) - 1929

Aoyama 青山 - names after the estate of the Tokugawa retainer 青山忠成 Aoyama Tadanari (1551 - 1613)

Arakawa 荒川 river Arakawa

. Asakusa 浅草 district .
- - - - - . Asakusa Kannon 浅草観音, temple 浅草寺 Senso-Ji . .

Ayasegawa 綾瀬川 Ayase-gawa Asakusa-dera
ukiyo-e by Kobayashi Kiyochika 小林清親
- reference : -

Azabu 麻布 a place where asa 麻 hemp grew.
- Azabu juuban 麻布十番 Asabu Juban: the 10th part of the river waterworks



. Bakurochoo, Bakuro-chō 馬喰町 Bakurocho district .


Banchoo 番町 Bancho and . Kōjimachi 麹町 / 麴町 Kojimachi district .


Chiyoda Ku 千代田区 Chiyoda Ward - list of village names 町名
Kanda chiku 神田地区 Kanda Area
- source : wikipedia -

. Daikuchoo 神田大工町 Kanda Daikucho, carpenter district .


Echigoya 越後屋 and Mitsui 三井

Edojoo 江戸城 Edojo, Edo Castle

Edogawa 江戸川  river Edogawa
. WKD : Haiku by Kobayashi Issa.


. Eitaibashi 永代橋 Eitai-Bashi bridge .


Fujimi chaya, Fujimijaya 富士見茶屋 "tea shop to view Mount Fuji"
There were quite a few in the region.
. Meguro, 目黒 Fujimi chaya .
Zôshigaya Fujimi chaya - Teahouse at Zoshigaya / print by Hiroshige
Otome-toge Fujimi-chaya, Hakone


. Fukagawa 深川 .

. Fukiyachoo 葺屋町 Fukiyacho District of roof thatchers .
- and Kayabacho 萱場町



. Ginpari, Gin Pari 銀巴里 chanson cafe in Ginza .

Ginza 銀座 : "Silver Seat", since 1612, silver coins were produced here. Many money-changer stores were close by, Shinryoogaechoo 新両替町 Shin Ryogae Cho, new money-changer district".
. Money of the Edo Period .

. gofukuchoo 呉服町 Gofukucho, district of the Kimono shops .
..... Gofukubashi 呉服橋. / Gofukubashi Mitsuke Mon 呉服橋見附門 Gofukubashi Mitsuke Gate

. Gofunai, Funai 御府内 "The Lord's City" .
御府内八十八ヶ所霊場 Pilgrimage to 88 Henro Temples in Edo

Gyotoku Salt Fields
- source : Edomatsu -


. Hachiman 八幡 Shrines in the Edo period .

. Hakkei 八景 Eight Views .
Sumida-gawa hakkei 隅田川八景 by Hiroshige II 広重 II
Sumida Hakkei in Edo 隅田八景
Zashiki Hakkei 座敷八景 Eight Parlor Views
Oomi Hakkei 近江八景 Omi Hakkei, Eight Views of Omi .

Hamamatsuchoo 浜松町 Hamamatsu-Cho - In the Genroku period (around 1700) the headman of this district moved in from Hamamatsu in Shizuoka.

. Himonochoo 檜物町 / 檜物丁 HimonoCho District .
quarters of the craftsmen of Hinoki cypress wood

. Hongokuchoo 本石町 Hongoku District .

. Honjo 本所 and Honchoo (Motomachi) 本町 Honcho .

. Honzaimokuchoo 本材木町 Honzaimokucho, Honzaimoku-cho district .
..... 楓川 Kaedegawa / 海運橋 Kaigunbashi

Hooraikan 鳳来館 Horaikan now an exhibition hall in Aichi

. Horidomechoo 堀留町 Horidomecho District / Horidome rivers .

. Hyakuninchoo 百人町 Hyakunincho district . - Aoyama, Shinjuku

. Ikegami Honmonji 池上本門寺 Ikegami Honmon-Ji  temple .

Iogi 井荻
- source : japanthis.com -

. Iwamotochoo, Iwamotochō 神田岩本町 Kanda Iwamotocho .
--- Benkeibashi 弁慶橋 Benkeibashi bridge / Aizomegawa 藍染川 river Aizome-gawa


. Kagurazaka - Kagurasaka 神楽坂 Ushigome Kagurazaka 牛込神楽坂 .

. Kajibashi 鍛冶橋 Kajibashi Bridge, "Blacksmith Bridge" .
Kajiyamachi 神田鍛冶屋町 "Blacksmith district" - also called
. Kanda Kajichoo, Kajimachi 千代田区 神田 鍛冶町 .


. Kamakurachoo 鎌倉町 Kamakura-Cho in Kanda, Chiyoda ward.
and - - - - - Kamakuragashi 鎌倉河岸 - 鎌倉川岸 Kamakura riverbank, Kamakura waterfront
and - - - - - Toshimaya 豊島屋 first "Izakaya 居酒屋" pub in Edo

Kameido 亀戸
. Kameido daikon 亀戸大根 large radish from Kameido .

. Kameyama 亀山 "Turtle Mountain" .

. Kamisukichoo 紙漉町 Kamisuki-Cho, paper maker district .

Kanamachi 金町
. Kanamachi kokabu 金町こかぶ small turnips .

Kanda 神田 "field for the gods" : The land was under the directive of Ise Jingu Shrine to grow rice for the Shrine offerings.
. . Kanda - The Estate of Lord Matsudaira 松平屋敷 . - and legends

. Karasuyama teramachi 烏山寺町 Karasuyama Temple Town . - Setagaya

. Kasugachoo 春日町 Kasugacho District, Kasuga-Cho - 練馬 Nerima, Bunkyo

. Kawasaki district 川崎 - Tokaido .

. Kiba 木場 "place for wood" - lumberyards and carpenters .

. Kijichoo 雉子町 Kiji-Cho "pheasant district" wood-craft workers .
Kanda Kijibashi bridge 雉子橋 Kiji-Bashi, now in 千代田区神田 Chiyoda ward

Kioichoo 紀尾井町 Kioi-Cho : The main estate (kami yashiki) of the Tokugawa family estates from 紀州徳川家 Kishu and 尾張徳川家 Owari were located here. The 中屋敷 "middle estate" of the 井伊家 Ii clan was also located here. In the Edo period, this was mainly the name of the slope.

. Kodenmachō 小伝馬町 Kodenmacho district .
- - - - - with the royashiki 江戸幕府が牢屋敷 main prison

Koganei 小金井
. Koganei 小金井 vegetables .

. Koishikawa 小石川 - and Koishikawa Garden .

. Konyachoo, Konyachō 神田紺屋町 Kanda Konya-Cho, Kon'ya cho
Konyamachi, district for indigo cloth dyers . .


. Koogazaka 甲賀坂 Koga slope . Chioda, Surugadai

. Koojimachi, Kōjimachi 麹町 / 麴町 Kojimachi district .

. Kuramae 倉前 The Bakufu Rice Granaries .

. Kyoobashi 京橋 Kyobashi Bridge .


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お江戸の地名の意外な由来 - - 中江克己

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Magome 馬込
. Magome vegetables .

. Matsuchiyama 真乳山 / 待乳山 .

. Meguro 目黒 and Meguro no Sanma  目黒の秋刀魚 .
- - - . Meguro Fudoo 目黒不動 Meguro Fudo Temple .
- - - - - Kami-Meguro - The Shogun's Hawk-Hunting Grounds
- source : Edomatsu -


Naitoo 内藤 Naito see Shinjuku, 内藤新宿 Naito Shinjuku
. Naito Kabocha Pumpkin .

Negishi 根岸
. WKD : wabizumai 根岸の里の侘び住まい - the abode of Masaoka Shiki in Negishi   .


. nihon, nippon  日本 Japan .

Nihonbashi 日本橋 "Japan Bridge" in Edo / Tokyo  

. Ningyoochoo, Ningyōchō  人形町 Ningyocho, Ningyo-Cho .


Odaiba お台場 a large artificial island in Tokyo Bay for defensive purposes.
Egawa Hidetatsu 江川英龍太郎左衛門 designed and built the battery emplacements at the entrance of Edo harbour at Odaiba in 1853/54, following the 1853 visit of Commodore Perry and his promise to return the following year.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - Odaiba, Eco-friendly Town - source : web-japan.org/tokyo/ -


. Odenmacho 大伝馬町 The Communications Center .

. okechoo, okemachi、桶町 Okecho, "Bucket district" in Edo .

Ootemachi 大手町 Otemachi : The place of the former 大手門 Ote-Mon "Big, main Gate" to Edo castle.

. Renjakuchoo, Kanda renjaku machi 神田連雀町 Renjaku-Cho district .

Rokugo-no-Watashi The Rokugo Ferry Crossing
- source : Edomatsu -

. Ryoogoku, Ryōgoku 両国 Ryogoku district and bridge 両国橋  .


. Sakai Cho 堺町 Sakai in Edo .
- - - - - Edo Sanza 江戸三座 - the three famous Kabuki theaters of Edo
堺町・葺屋町 Sakai Machi
木挽町 Kobiki choo
猿若町 Saruwaka choo. later renamed Nakamura-za

. Sakuradamon Gate 桜田門 and Ii Naosuke 井伊直弼 (1860) .

. Sengakuji (Senkakuji) 泉岳寺 Sengaku-Ji and the 47 Ronin .

Senju 千住

. Setomonocho 瀬戸物町 "Potter's district" .

. Shakujii 石神井 - Nerima ward .

Shiba - A Port District
- source : Edomatsu -


. Shiba-Ura 芝浦 Shibaura and fishing in Edo .

. Shinagawa (品川区, Shinagawa-ku) .

Shinbashi 新橋 "new bridge" : Around 1705, the river 汐溜川 Shiodomegawa became a new bridge. The original name of the bridge was 芝口橋 Shibaguchibashi.


. Shinjuku 新宿 - Naitoo Shinjuku 内藤新宿 Naito Shinjuku .

. Shin-Yanagibashi 新柳橋 . ... and Kappa raincoats

. Shirakabechoo 神田白壁町 Kanda Shirakabe-Cho district .

. Shitaya 下谷 . - Ueno

. Shizutani Gakkoo 閑谷学校 Shizutani School of the Ikeda clan, Okayama .

. Somei 染井 - uekiya 植木屋 gardeners .
伊兵衛三之烝 Ihei Sannojo

. Sotobori 外堀 / そとぼり / 外濠 outer moat of Edo castle .

. Sumidagawa River 隅田川 and Katsushika 葛飾 .

. Surugadai 駿河台 . - Chioda
Suidobashi Surugadai 水道橋駿河台 / Kanda Surugadai 神田駿河台
and
Surugachoo 駿河町 Suruga Cho, Suruga Quarter, Suruga village, Suruga street (near Nihonbashi) / Suruga-Machi 駿河町 


Tansumachi 箪笥町 - Gofunai temple 22

. Takanawa district 高輪, Takanawadai 高輪台   .
Takanawa Okido 高輪 大木戸 The Great Gate of Takanawa  

Takinogawa 滝野川
. Takinogawa ninjin 滝野川人参 carrots .

. Tamagawa Joosui 多摩川上水 Tamagawa Josui Kanal .

. Tooriaburachoo, Tōriabura-chō 通油町 Toriaburacho District .

. Tsukiji Fish Market 築地市場 .
. . . . . Tsukiji - Visit to a Kabuki Theater
- source : Edomatsu -

. Tsukudajima 佃島 / 佃嶌 The Island Tsukuda  .
. . . . . and Tsukuda Sumiyoshi Shrine 住吉神社


. Ukiyo-e ni miru Edo no meisho  浮世絵 Famous places in Edo on Ukiyo-E paintings .

. Unemegahara 采女ヶ原 Uneme plain - Unemebashi 采女橋 Uneme bridge .
Matsudaira Uneme no Sho 松平采女正 Sadamoto 定基 (1687 - 1759)

. Uogashi 魚河岸  the Fish Market .
- - - - - now - Tsukiji Fish Market 築地市場

. Ushigome 牛込 .


Waseda 早稲田


. Yagenbori 薬研堀 "Yagen Canal".

. Yaguchi no watashi 矢ノ口渡 river crossing at Yaguchi village .
and the death of Nitta Yoshioki 新田義興 (? - 1358)

. Yanaka 谷中 Temple town .

. Yaraichoo 矢来町 Yarai-Cho "Palisade quarter" - Ushigome Yaraicho 牛込矢来町 .

. Yayosugashi district 八代洲河岸 / Yaesu 八重洲 .

. Yokoyamachoo 日本橋 横山町 Nihonbashi Yokoyama-chō .
Bakuro-Yokoyama is a now district in Tokyo Shitamachi.

. Yoshiwara 葦原 / 吉原 pleasure quarters, red-light district .
- - - - - Okabasho 岡場所 "Place on a Hill"


. Yoyogi 代々木 .
- - - - - Yoyogi Hachimangu, Yoyogi Shusse Inari

. Yushima 湯島 - Yushima Tenjin Shrine .

. Yuurakuchoo, Yūrakuchō 有楽町 Yuraku-Cho district, Yurakucho .

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. Shrines of Edo 江戸の神社 - INFO .

. Temples of Edo 江戸のお寺 - INFO .

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地名で読む江戸の町 / 大石学


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Explore Edo - Nineteenth-Century Edo Project
-- Maeda Ai



"There is congealed in the ōezu maps of Edo a peculiar compositional mode that fades from view when we look back from the perspective of a maps of Tokyo which introduced modern surveying techniques. At the center of the map is the white space of the shogun’s castle overlaid with the hollyhock crest of the Tokugawa around which is a mosaic of streets and daimyō residences reproduced with great precision. [...] This cartographic vision which scarcely changed for two hundred years suggests an image of urban space as it was understood by the people of early modern Japan.
It is a series of concentric circles with the castle at the center."
- source : -


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. WKD : Place Names used in Haiku - Utamakura .


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4/26/2017

Honzaimokucho district

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Honzaimokuchoo 本材木町 Honzaimokucho, Honzaimoku-cho district

zaimoku 材木 wood for construction work, lumber, timber
zaimoku shoonin 材木商人 dealers in timber
zaimokudonya, zaimokudoya 材木問屋 timber brokers

Since fires were quite frequent in Edo, the provision of construction wood was essential.
. taika 江戸の大火 Edo no Taika "Great Fires of Edo" .

Timber was transported on boats, so the district is located from Nihonbashi along the river Kaedegawa 楓川 with eight sub-districts along 2 km.
Kaedegawa is now Nihonbashi 3-chome.

To make a difference to Nihonbashi, it was also called 新肴場 Shinsakanaba.



In the beginning, the construction of Edo castle called for a lot of timber to be transported to the town. Also the building of homes for the many new citizens needed timber.
A lot was brokered by timber merchants from Suruga (Shizuoka) and 遠江 Totomi, called in by Tokugawa Ieyasu himself.
They first lived at 道三堀 Dosanbori and八重洲岸 Yaesugishi and were soon moved along the Western side of the Kaedegawa embankment.
The area is now filled in and became the 首都高速都心環状線 Inner Circular Route.

During the Edo period, there were many bridges crossing Kaedegawa.
One of them was 海運橋 Kaiunbashi.
- - - see the WIKIPEDIA for details !


source : 大江戸歴史散歩を楽しむ会

Since 1647, there was an overseer of construction materials for the Shogun's properties
Zaimoku-ishi bugyō 材木石奉行 Saimoku Ishi Bugyo - Bugyo for timber and stones



海運橋と第一国立銀行 Kaiunbashi bridge and the first national bank
中央左に日本橋川に架かる江戸橋、右に西堀留川に架かる荒布橋、左下に楓川に架かる海運橋が見える。
- reference source : 大江戸歴史散歩を楽しむ会 -

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Shirandoo 芝蘭堂 Shirando Academy
the first private school for rangaku 蘭学 Dutch learning
founded in Honzaimokucho by
. Otsuki Gentaku 大槻玄沢 (1757 - 1827) .


芝蘭堂新元会図 - Waseda University Library

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本材木町処刑場跡 Honzaimokucho Keijo - execution ground
was relocated to Shibaguchi.


This is the look of the area today.

. Criminal Punishment in Edo .
keijoo, keijō 刑場 execution ground

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Zaimoku Kawagishi 材木河岸 "timber embankment"



zaimokudonya, zaimokudoya 材木問屋 timber brokers

In the beginning there were four big groups
板材木問屋 Itazaimokudoia
熊野問屋 Kumanodoia
川辺問屋 Kawabedoia (炭薪問屋 - also dealing in coal and firewood )
木場材木問屋 Kiba zaimokudoia


In 1701 they were concentrated in 深川木場 Fukagawa kiba. They merged in the course of time and finally there were only
板材木熊野問屋 and 木場材木問屋

. Kiba 木場 "place for wood" .
Lumberyards and Carpenters
on the east bank of the Sumida river.


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The Lumber Industry in Early Modern Japan
Conrad D. Totman

- quote -
This concise volume surveys three hundred years in the history of the lumber industry in early modern (Tokugawa) Japan. In earlier works, Conrad Totman examined environmental aspects of Japan's early modern forest history; here he guides readers through the inner workings of lumber provision for urban construction, providing a wealth of detail on commercial and technological systems of provision while focusing on the convoluted commercial arrangements that moved timber from forest to city despite exceptionally severe environmental and financial obstacles.
Based on scrupulous scholarship in the vast Japanese secondary literature on forest history, The Lumber Industry in Early Modern Japan brings to light materials previously unavailable in English and synthesizes these within a thoughtful ecological framework. Its penetrating examination of the patterns of cooperation and conflict throughout the industry adds significantly to the scholarly corpus that challenges the stock image of Tokugawa rulers and merchants as social enemies. Instead it supports the view of those who have noted the interdependent character of political and economic elites and the long-term strengthening of rural sectors of society vis-a-vis urban sectors.
- - - - - Contents

1. English-Language Approaches to Tokugawa Commerce
2. An Overview of Lumber Provisioning
3. The Process of Timber Transport
4. Entrepreneurial Lumbering in Yamaguni
5. Last Reflections
App. A Plant Species
App. B Table of Measurements
App. C Yoshino Ringyo: A Research Topic.
- source : trove.nla.gov.au/work -

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The Green Archipelago: Forestry in Preindustrial Japan
Conrad D. Totman

Professor Totman raises the critical question of how Japan s steeply mountainous woodland has remained biologically healthy despite centuries of intensive exploitation by a dense human population that has always been dependent on wood and other forest products. Mindful that in global terms this has been a rare outcome, and one that bears directly on Japan s recent experience as an affluent, industrial society, Totman examines the causes, forms, and effects of forest use and management in Japan during the millennium to 1870.
He focuses mainly on the centuries after 1600 when the Japanese found themselves driven by their own excesses into programs of woodland protection and regenerative forestry.
source : amazon.co.jp

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .
zaimoku 材木 timber, lumber



................................................................................. Aichi 愛知県
南設楽郡 Minamishitara district

ryuuguu 龍宮 Ryugu Dragon Palace

二ノ滝という滝がある。この滝のため鮎が段嶺にまで上らないので、段嶺の城主が岩を割り砕こうとしたら、夢で龍宮のお告げがあったので計画を中止した。また、材木商が材木を上流から流したらこの滝に入ったまま浮かんでこないので、中にもぐって竜王に奪わないように訴えた。家に戻ってみると、3時ぐらいだと思っていたのに、家では三周忌の最中だった。


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -
zaimoku 材木 71 to explore (01)

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #honzaimokucho #zaimoku #timberedo #lumberedo - - - -
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3/30/2017

Yanaka district

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Yanaka 谷中 Yanaka district


source : ndl.go.jp/landmarks/edo/

根岸谷中辺絵図 Negishi Yanaka Map

Yanaka (谷中) is one of the few districts in Tokyo where the shitamachi atmosphere, an old town ambience reminiscent of Tokyo from past decades, still survives. Throughout the district, there is an air of nostalgia and a rustic charm. It is within walking distance of Ueno Park, and offers a sightseeing opportunity different from the metropolitan city feel of other parts of Tokyo.
A short walk from either Nippori Station or Sendagi Subway Station will take you to Yanaka Ginza, a shopping street which best represents the shitamachi flavor of the Yanaka District. Here, there are shops selling goods and produce, ranging from groceries and necessities to clothes and toys.
...
Another attraction of Yanaka is the Yanaka Cemetery, where the locals lay to rest in loving memory those who have passed away. Many of the tombs are elaborately decorated and nicely landscaped. Paths are well-kept and wide, presenting a good trail for a tranquil stroll. The grave of Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the last shogun of the Edo Period, is also situated within the cemetery.
The Sakura-dori Street, which runs through the center of the cemetery, is lined by cherry trees and attracts many visitors every year during the cherry blossom season. Yanaka Cemetery used to be part of Tennoji Temple, but was separated from it during the Meiji Period. The temple has a peaceful decor and atmosphere, and a big bronze Buddha statue sits on the left of its main building.
- reference source : japan-guide.com/e -

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Yanaka teramachi 谷中寺町 Yanaka temple town
There are more than 60 temples and shrines in Yanaka.

Chokyu-In 長久院

Daien-Ji 大円寺

Enmei-In 延命院

Enyu-Ji  延寿寺

Ichijo-Ji 一乗寺

Ishin-In 頤神院 

. Kannonji 観音寺 Kannon-Ji(台東区谷中5-8-28)- Gofunai 42 .

Kyoo-Ji 経王寺

Myoen-Ji 妙円寺

Renge-Ji 蓮華寺

Ryusen-Ji 竜泉寺

Suwa Jinja Shrine 諏訪神社

. Tahooin, Tahō-In 多宝院 / 多寶院 Taho-In - Gofunai 49 .
- 多宝院吉祥天 Yanaka Kichijōten 吉祥天 Kichijoten
台東区谷中6-2-35 / 6 Chome-2-35 Yanaka, Taitō ward

Tenno-Ji 天王寺

Yanaka Reien 谷中霊園 cemetery

Yofuku-Ji 養福寺

Zuirin-Ji 瑞輪寺 


- source : visiting-japan.com/en


Teramachi Art Museum
- reference source : teramachi-artmuseum.com -


under construction
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stone walls in yanaka
http://www.taitouboragai.com/yanaka.html

. Temple walls .

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谷中・根津・千駄木~
- reference source : qppp3.exblog.jp -

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

reimu 霊夢
享和年中、ある武家の弟が、不思議な夢を見た。それは三方に生首が置かれ、その首に何番何番と記しがあった。その頃谷中の感応寺で富くじが行われていたので、夢に見た番号を買ったところ、富に当たったという。

tsue 杖
谷中の領玄寺に、日享上人が皮付きの桜の杖を刺した。この杖は桜の木になり、会式桜と称し、毎年旧10月の会式の頃に咲いた。

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #edoyanaka #yanaka - - - -
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3/18/2017

Yarai district

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
for Kagurazaka, see below
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Yaraichoo 矢来町 Yarai-Cho "Palisade quarter"
Ushigome Yaraicho 牛込矢来町

Now in Shinjuku ward.
For a definition of YARAI, see below.

Located on a plain up the slope of Kagurazaka. There are many publishing companies in the district.



In the Edo period, the estate of the lord Sakai Tadakatsu was located here.
Tadakatsu did not put a wall around his estate, since that was below his dignity and status, and just had a
take yarai 竹矢来 bamboo fence erected.
The Shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu 将軍家光 often came to visit him.
During the 寛永16年8月11日 Great Fire of Edo in August 1639 Iemitsu fled to this estate too. To protect the Shogun, Tadakatsu now had a wall erected and soldiers with spears were placed around the bamboo fence.
This fence later became a proud part of his estate and was not pulled down after the Shogun left...
And the region around that estate became known as Yarai shita 矢来下 "below the palisade".
In 1915 part of his large estate was abolished to make room for the main street of
牛込中央通り Ushigome Chuodori.

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- quote -
Sakai Tadakatsu 酒井忠勝 (1587 - 1662)
also known as Sanuki-no-kami, was tairō, rōjū, master of Wakasa-Obama castle (若狭国小浜城) and daimyo of Obama Domain in Wakasa Province in the mid-17th century.



As tairō, he was one of the two highest ranking bakufu officials in Tokugawa Japan from his elevation on November 7, 1638, through May 26, 1656.
- The "Nambu incident" and the the Dutch Ship Breskens
- Nihon Ōdai Ichiran is first published in Kyoto under the patronage of the tairō Sakai Tadakatsu in 1652.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


小浜藩酒井大老登城行列 Procession in honor of Sakai Tadakatsu


- source : wako226.exblog.jp

Shogun Iemitsu, Sakai Tadakatsu and more that 30 people clad as samurai walk up the
神楽坂 Kagurazaka slope "to Edo Castle".

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. Doctor Sugita Genpaku 杉田玄白 (1733―1817) .
He was born in Yarai in 1733 in the 牛込矢来屋敷 Yashiki of the Sakai Clan.



His memorial stone is in the park Yarai Koen 矢来公園.

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The Rakugo teller 古今亭志ん朝 Kokontei Shincho (1938 - 2001)
lived in this district and sometimes called himself Shinchō, 矢来町の旦那 The Patron of Yaraicho.

. Rakugo 落語 Comic Story Telling .



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yarai 矢来 palisade, fence
The old Chinese character was 遣(や)らい. 矢来 is a phonetically suited writing (ateji 当て字).
Tush a fence is not much higher than two meters.
maruta yarai 丸太矢来 were made from round wooden poles.
They were often installed for a temporary purpose and thus easy to remove.




ootsugaki 大津垣 Otsugaki, Lit. Ootsu fence // yaraigaki矢来垣,

- quote -
chousengaki 朝鮮垣, and chousen yarai 朝鮮矢来 (chosen yarai, Korean fence).
A type of simple bamboo fence. In 1711 a Korean mission traveling from Ootsu 大津 to Edo attracted so much attention that the government ordered people to erect fences along the road on which the Koreans passed. These fences were made with pieces of uncut bamboo tied on intersecting diagonals between two or three cross bars of split bamboo. Often the projecting bamboo at the top is cut to create a sharp edge.
- source : JAANUS -

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Kagurazaka - Kagurasaka 神楽坂 "Slope of the Music of the Gods"
Ushigome Kagurazaka 牛込神楽坂


. Ritual Kagura Dance 神楽 - Introduction.


牛込神楽坂 Ushigome Kagurazaka
Utagawa Hiroshige, 1840.

- quote -
... near Iidabashi Station. It has a shopping street at its center, lined by numerous cafés and restaurants.
The main road of Kagurazaka was once at the outer edge of Edo Castle, opposite the Ushigome bridge over the castle moat, and has always been busy because of this privileged location. In the early 20th century, the area was renowned for its numerous geisha houses, of which several remain today. Currently, Kagurazaka is experiencing a popularity boom due to its traditional atmosphere on the edge of modern Shinjuku ward, the existence of the original campus of Tokyo University of Science and its proximity to Waseda University. The area is also home to a number of publishing houses.
Kagurazaka
is also widely regarded as an important center of Japanese cuisine within the Kanto region. Several old and famous ryōtei are to be found in the winding back streets, often accessible only by foot. These provide expensive kaiseki cuisine, generally regarded as the pinnacle of Japanese food. They also allow diners to invite geisha to provide entertainment during the evening. Many shops in the area cater to this culture, especially selling kimono, Japanese sweets, and tea.

The Kagurazaka Awa Odori (阿波踊り) festival (originating in Tokushima) is held the fourth Friday and Saturday each July. The Kagurazaka connection to the dance goes back to the Edo era, when the Tokugawa daimyo donated the Ushigome Mitsuke. This is the fortified gate at the bottom of the Kagurazaka hill, on the opposite side of the canal. Today, only its foundations remain, just to the south of JR Iidabashi station.

Akagi Shrine (Akagi Jinja 赤城神社) was formerly at the top end of Kagurazaka. It was redeveloped with a new shrine and apartment complex, designed by Kengo Kuma and opened to the public in September 2010.
- source : wikipedia -



source : wako226.exblog.jp/15588590
江戸名所百人美女・神楽坂 Beauties of Edo / 歌川国貞 Utagawa Kunisada

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Kagurazaka has a long history.
In the middle of 16th century the Ogo clan who had ruled the southern foot of Mt. Akagi in Gunma prefecture moved to Kagurazaka and built the Ushigome Castle near the present-day Koshoji Temple. At that time Akagi shrine was transferred from Mt. Akagi. When Ieyasu TOKUGAWA moved to Edo (present-day Tokyo) in 1590, Ushigome clan (renamed from Ogo clan) served Tokugawa family and the Ushigome Castle was demolished.
After Tadakatsu SAKAI who became Tairo (chief minister) later built his residence in 1628 of the Edo period (1603 - 1868), lines of samurai residences stood along Kagurazaka Street.
Bishamonten Zenkokuji Temple 毘沙門天 善國寺 moved there in 1791 and after that an entertainment district was formed, which led to regional development as Hanamachi (Geisha district).
In the Meiji period (1868 - 1912) samurai residences were demolished and Kagurazaka developed as a commercial district. It came to flourish as one of the most bustling shopping and entertainment districts in Tokyo after Kobu Railway Ushigome station (present-day JR Sobu line Iidabashi station) was established in 1895. It was referred to as Yamanote Ginza and developed further because it avoided damages by the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923.
Unfortunately the entire town was destroyed by the air raid in 1945 during the World War II but it was restored after the war and achieved the height of prosperity as Hanamachi in the 1950s. After that the number of Ryotei and Geisha decreased and it retains the traces of Hanamachi in a part of the town. Also it lost its position as an entertainment district to terminal stations such as Shinjuku and Shibuya. However it attracts people’s attention in recent years for example it was used as a location site for a drama in 2007, so it is crowded with many people as a sightseeing spot.
- source : ambassadors-japan.com/en-


source : wako226.exblog.jp/15588590
神楽坂毘沙門 Kagurazaka Bishamon - 歌川国貞 Utagawa Kunisada

. Bishamon-Ten . 毘沙門天 Vaishravana .


. Ushigome 牛込 - Introduction .


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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

雪ばんば縋る白洲の竹矢来
yukibanba sugaru shirasu no takeyarai

cotton flies
cling to the bamboo fence
around the white gavel court . . .

Tr. Gabi Greve

町田しげき Machida Shigeki

. yuki banba 雪婆(ゆきばんば) cotton fly .
- kigo for early winter -




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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #yaraicho #yarai - - - -
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3/08/2017

Ushigome

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Ushigome 牛込
- former - Ushigome-Ku 牛込区 Ushigome ward


The area used to be an extensive pasture land for cattle already in the Asuka period around 700, hence the name, "herds of cattle".

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In an edict during the reign of Monmu Tennō 文武天皇 Emperor Monmu (701-704) a place variously referred to as Kanzaki no Gyūmaki 神崎牛牧 Kanzaki Cattle Ranch and Gyūnyūin 乳牛院“The Milk Institute” was established in the area in the vicinity of Moto-Akagi Jinja 元赤城神社 Old Akagi Shrine.
A branch of the Ōgo Ōgo-shi 大胡氏 Ogo clan from Kōzuke no Kuni 上野国 Kōzuke Province had been living in the Ushigome area since the 1300’s.
- source : japanthis.com/2013 -

- reference source : Akagi Shrine Homepage -




On March 15, 1947, the three wards of Yotsuya, Ushigome, and Yodobashi merged to create Shinjuku City.
. Shinjuku 新宿  .

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Ushigome moat, a moat that exists between Iidabashi Station and Ichigaya Station. It forms part of the boundary between Shinjuku and Chiyoda wards.
Ushigome Mitsuke, one of the 36 mitsuke of the Edo Castle, existed on the Chiyoda side of Ushigome bridge.
Ushigome Haraikatamachi 牛込払方町 (p63)
Ushigome Yanagichō 柳町 - "Cow-Packed Willow Town"
- source : wikipedia

牛込馬場下横町 Ushigome Babashita Yokocho (present 喜久井町 Kikuicho)
Ushigome Go-Tansucho 牛込御箪笥町 "Village of Tansu makers" (see below)


牛込神楽坂 Ushigome Kagurazaka
Utagawa Hiroshige, 1840.


Ushigomebashi 牛込橋 Ushigome Bridge
This bridge led from Kagurazaka to Edo Castle. If you crossed the bridge you would arrive at Ushigome-mitsuke 牛込見附 Ushigome Approach and there you would see the Ushigome go-mon 牛込御門 Ushigome Gate. The bridge spanned Ushigomebori 牛込濠 Ushigome Moat. Today the moat is dammed up under the bridge and the Chūō Line runs under it.



The Weir of the River Kandagawa at Kagurazaka
Edo Meisho Zue 江戸名所図会 「目白下大洗堰」


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Bentenchoo 牛込弁天町 Ushigome Bentencho
. 多聞院 Tamon-In .
(新宿区弁天町100) Bentencho, Shinjuku


. Ushigome Kagurazaka 牛込神楽坂 "Slope of the Music of the Gods" .
軽子坂 Karukozaka Slope of the light workers"


. Ushigome Yaraicho 矢来町 "Palisade quarter" .

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牛込城 remains of Ushigome Castle

In 1553 a member of the Ōgo-shi 大胡氏 Ōgo clan switched allegiance from the Uesugi to the Hōjō and in return was granted dominion over the area stretching from present day Ushigome to Hibiya (ie; Edo Bay). The lord built a castle (fortified residence) somewhere in that area and took the place name to establish his own branch of the family and thus the Ushigome clan was born, 牛込氏 Ushigome-shi. The area is elevated so it would have been defensible. It also had a view of Edo Bay and so they could keep an eye on who was coming in and out of Edo-wan E江戸湾 do Bay.
... It’s not clear where the castle was located, but there is a tradition at Kōshō-ji 光照寺 Kōshō Temple that says the temple was built on the site of 牛込城 Ushigome Castle.
- source : japanthis.com/2013 -


- CLICK for more photos of the area !

. Ushigome Katsushige 牛込勝重 .
lord of 牛込城 Ushigome Castle.
and more about Tansumachi 箪笥町 / Koishikawa Gotansu Machi 小石川御箪笥町
In 1713, this area was entrusted to a local magistracy and a town was developed. The original name of the town was 牛込御箪笥町 Ushigome go-tansu machi.




Ushigome Go-Tansucho 牛込御箪笥町 "Village of Tansu makers"

春立つやぶらり牛込箪笥町
haru tatsu ya burari Ushigome Tansumachi

spring begins -
I take a leisurely walk in Ushigome
Tansumachi town


赤瀬川昌彦 Akasegawa Masahiko

. tansu 箪笥 / 簞笥 / たんす chest of drawers, Kommode .
箪笥町 Tansumachi, Tansucho


Tansumachi 箪笥町 / Koishikawa Gotansu Machi 小石川御箪笥町



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Kōitsu, 土屋光逸 Tsuchiya Koitsu (1870 – 1949)

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

................................................................................. Asakusa 浅草

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Tanaka 田中幸右衛門 Tanaka Koemon

Tanaka Koemon lived in Ushigome Yamabushicho. One day he went to Asakusa and on his way back bought
金龍山の餅 special rice cakes from the famous shop Kinryuzan.
When he passed the gate 田安門 Tayasumon, he heard a strange voice call his name. He became afraid and threw the rice cakes in the direction of the voice, coming home empty-handed.

. Asakusa 浅草 district in Edo .
Now 市谷山伏町 Ichigaya Yamabushicho, Shinjuku



金竜山浅草餅本舗 Kinryuzan Mochi Shop in Asakusa, Nakamise
2 Chome-3-1 Asakusa, Taito, Tokyo
The Seikannon Sect of the Asakusa Temple carries the official name of Kinryuzan.



Tayasu-mon, Entrance to 北の丸公園 Kitanomaru Park
Two gated entrances survive from time of Edo Castle the Shimizu-mon and further north the Tayasu-mon.
The Tayasu-mom was the northern most gate of Edo Castle and consists of both a Korai-mon style outer gate and a Yagura-mon style fortified inner gatehouse with highly stacked stone walls forming a narrow defensive courtyard between the two.
An inscription on the outer side of the Tayasu-mon states the gate was constructed in 1685, making it one of the oldest surviving structures of the original castle.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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daihooshi 大法師 The Great Priest

In 牛込山伏町 Yamabushicho, a man named 朝倉八十五郎 Asakura Yasogoro wanted to put up residence. When he came to the Gate, there stood a very large priest. Yasogoro was not afraid and greeted him properly. Suddenly he felt something trying to sneek into his sleeve. When he looked back to the road, the priest had suddenly disapeared.

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dainaru hi 大なる燈 The Great Lantern

Around 1720 there was a Kannon temple called 伝通院 Dentsu-In. On the 25th day of the first lunar there appeared a strange light like a lantern above the temple, slowly moving from North to South. It then moved up to the sky and became a star which glowed and sparkled every night. On the 8th day of the third lunar month there was a large fire, covering the area from Ushigome to 千住 Senju. Later they found the bodies of many people who had died in the garden of this temple.

. 江戸三十三観音霊場 Pilgrimage to 33 Kannon Temples of Edo .
12 伝通院(文京区小石川3-14-6) Nr. 12 - Dentsu-In

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hikarimono 光り物 great light

At night on the 8th day of the 10th lunar month, a huge stone fell from the sky in Ushigome.
The year before, a similar stone had fallen down in 八王子 Hachioji.
There was thunder in the night and a light like a lightning.

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koku-un 黒雲 black cloud

In the year 1668, on the 6th day of the second lunar month, it suddenly begun to hail with a great thunderstorm.
Someone had died at Ushigome. When the body was brought to the burial ground for burning, a black cloud came down from the sky and covered the bones. From the could the bones of legs were danglilng down. Yes, many people have seen this.

寛文7年閏2月6日、急に雹が降り雷が鳴った時に牛込で人が死んだ。火葬場に送ったところ黒雲が舞い下り死骸を覆った。雲から死骸の足が垂れ下がり多くの人がそれを見た。


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kuruiji 狂い死 a mad death

In Ushigome there was a female doctor, who suddenly fell down with great pain and begun to cry and shout in the voice of a child in pain. Then the pain was like splitting the skull and tearing her heart and stomach open. She even tried to murder some children in her hospital and after three days of mad behavior she finally died. This doctor had often given medicine and help for abortions, and this was the revenge for her cruel deeds.


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neko Jizo 猫地蔵 Jizo and the Cat
Once in Edo there lived a man in Ushigome. He had a beloved cat, but the animal died and he was very sad.
Jizo Bosatsu appeared in his dream and advised him to go to the temple Jishoo-In 自性院 Jisho-In to see the high priest 鑑秀上人. He told him to have the statue of a cat erected.
This is now the Migawari Jizo, which takes on our illness and problems.
. neko Jizoo 猫地蔵 Neko Jizo. "Jizo with Cat" .


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Sarayashiki 皿屋敷 The Dish Mansion

Banchō Sarayashiki 番町皿屋敷 The Dish Mansion at Banchō
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

The story of the Sarayashiki is located in three places of Edo, one of them is 江戸牛込御門 Ushigome Gomon Gate.
The other is the Mansion of the lord of the domain of 雲州松江 Unshu Matsue and even 播州 Harima.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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牛込に古き弓師や軒しやうぶ
Ushigome ni furuki yumishi ya noki shoobu

this old bow maker
at Ushigome -
iris under the eaves

Tr. Gabi Greve

中村吉右衛門 Nakamura Kichiemon


. WKD : noki shoobu 軒菖蒲 iris under the eaves" .
noki ayame 軒あやめ "iris under the eaves"
- - kigo for mid-summer - -

In 1689 Matsuo Basho (松尾芭蕉) crossed the Natori River and entered Sendai, Miyagi on The Narrow Road to Oku.’
It was the day they celebrate by converting their roofs with ‘Sweet flags’, or Calami’ (あやめ). He visited there around the time of the Sweet Flags Festival (あやめの節句) (5th day of Fifth Month, also called the Boy’s Festival), when sweet flags were displayed on the eaves of houses to drive away evil spirits, or they took “Shobuyu, or 菖蒲湯 (bath with floating sweet flag leaves)” baths. The leaves keep mosquitoes and snakes away with strong fragrance.




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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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2/20/2017

ninsoku yoseba Hasegawa Heizo

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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .
. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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ninsoku yoseba 人足寄場 rehabilitation facility for criminals
Hasegawa Heizoo, Hasegawa Heizô 長谷川平蔵 Hasegawwa Heizo / 鬼平 Onihei 




Yoseba bugyoo 寄場奉行 - Yoseba Bugyo Magistrate for the Yoseba
. bugyoo, bugyō 奉行 Bugyo officials in the Edo government .

The first Yoseba was constructed at Ishikawajima 石川島 Ishikawa Island in 1790.



- quote
PUNISHMENT — BOTH CRUEL AND ENLIGHTENED
What was the prevailing attitude regarding the purpose of punishment during the Edo period?
According to the noted legal historian Ishii Ryôsuke, “The penal philosophy of the Edo shogunate was unquestionably preventive. At the beginning, the philosophy of general prevention dominated, but after the adoption of the Osadame-gaki, it was increasingly concerned with particular prevention.”

This focus on particular prevention was especially apparent in the ninsoku yoseba, a special facility for criminals regarded as capable of rehabilitation. The ninsoku yoseba was opened in 1790 at the recommendation of hitsuke tôzoku aratemekata chief Hasegawa Heizô — who was also its first director — and the approval of rôjû Matsudaira Sadanobu. Its inmates were those convicted of minor crimes, as well as mushuku, people whose names had been removed from the family register and were excluded from lawful social activities (including people who had been banished for earlier crimes).
At the ninsoku yoseba, these people received lessons in ethics and vocational training of various types. Moreover, the inmates were actually paid for the products of their labors, a practice virtually unheard of at the time.
- - - - - more about
Law Enforcement in the Edo Period
- source : japanecho.com/sum/2004



According to their performance, inmates were allowed to wear robes with less and less white dots, as they reached the time limit to go free.
They were helped to find work in the line they had been trained at the Yoseba.


石川島人足寄場

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石川島灯台(人足寄場跡)
The Ishikawa Lighthouse memorial at the remains of the Yoseba, now in 佃公園 Tsukuda Park.

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Hasegawa Heizoo, Hasegawa Heizô 長谷川平蔵 Hasegawwa Heizo / 鬼平 Onihei 
長谷川 宣以 Hasegawa Nobutame (1745 - 1795) )
Childhood names: 銕三郎 Tetsusaburo, 銕次郎 Tetsujiro - Tettchan
Hitsuke Toosoku Aratameyaku 火付盗賊改役 chef of the police force for arson and theft




長谷川平蔵 ― その生涯と人足寄場
江戸の中間管理職 長谷川平蔵―働きざかりに贈る
滝川政次郎

- reference : books about Hasegawa Heizo -

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- quote -
Onihei Hankachō 鬼平犯科帳 Onihei Hankacho
is a popular series of stories and television jidaigeki in Japan. It has been based on a novel by 池波正太郎 Shōtarō Ikenami which started in the December 1967 issue of the light novel magazine "All Yomimono (ja)" published by Bungei Shunjū which published the first hard cover the following year. Onihei Hankachō developed into a series, and adaptations into TV programs, a film and theater followed.
A TV anime adaption aired in 2017.
The title character is Hasegawa Heizō, who started as a chartered libertine before succeeding his father as an heir and was appointed the head of the special police who had jurisdiction over arson-robberies in Edo. Nicknamed by the villain "Onihei," meaning "Heizō the demon," he led a band of samurai police and cultivated reformed criminals as informants to solve difficult crimes. Later, he was titled "Hitsuke tōzoku aratamekata" (police force for arson and theft), and opened an office at his official resident.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !



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- reference : edo ninsoku yoseba -

Edo and Paris: Urban Life and the State in the Early Modern Era:
Another institution in Edo connected with the maintenance of public order was a group of workhouses (ninsoku yoseba)

Men of Uncertainty: The Social Organization of Day Laborers in Edo:
The Ninsoku Yoseba of 1790

Punishment and Power in the Making of Modern Japan:
Hiramatsu Yoshiro, “Ninsoku yoseba no Seiritsu"


Rōya-bugyō 牢屋奉行 – Commissioners of the shogunal prison
- reference : wikipedia -

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:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #ninsoku #yoseba #ninsokuyoseba #hasegawaheizo #onihei - - - -
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