Showing posts with label - - - Temples of Edo. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - Temples of Edo. Show all posts

4/16/2019

river Myoshojigawa

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. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Myooshoojigawa, Myōshōjigawa 妙正寺川 river Myoshojigawa



The name refers to the temple Myosho-Ji, where it starts.

- quote
... designated as a Class A river by the Japanese government with a length of 9.7 km and a basin area of 21.4 km².
It starts in the 妙正寺池(Myōshōji Temple pond in Suginami Ward, and joins the Edo River later on. It flows into the Kanda River (Takadanobaba Channel) in Shinjuku Ward.
東京都杉並区の妙正寺公園内妙正寺池(すぐそばにある妙正寺に由来)に源を発し、途中中野区松が丘二丁目で江古田川を合わせ、新宿区下落合一丁目の辰巳橋付近で神田川高田馬場分水路に合流する。

- Recent history
Due to the progress of urbanization, the water retention capacity of the Myōshōji River has fallen and there is an increasing risk of water damage. To cope with this situation, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government has constructed revetments that can handle rainfall of up to 50 millimeters per hour.
- Bridges
妙正寺橋 Myoshojibashi
辰巳橋 Tatsumibashi
There are more than 50 bridges over this river.
- source : wikipedia


妙正寺橋 Myoshojibashi Bridge
杉並区清水3丁目
- source and more photos : river_myosyoji/tokyo... -


. Nakano ku 中野区 Nakano ward - "Middle Wild Field" .
The river 妙正寺川 Myoshojigawa flows through this ward.

. Amanuma district 天沼 "heavenly swamp" - Suginami .
The rivers 妙正寺川 Myoshojigawa and 桃園川 Momozonogawa flow through this area.

. Igusagawa 井草川 River Igusagawa - Suginami .
If flows into the river 妙正寺川 Myoshojigawa from the Arakawa water system.

. Ochiai 落合 Ochiai district - Shinjuku .
The area where the rivers 神田川 Kandagawa and 妙正寺川 Myoshojigawa merged was called Ochiai.

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source and more photos : daietu-kk.co.jp... 依田しのぶ
Cherry blossoms along the river Myoshojigawa

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妙正寺川公園 Myoshojigawa Park Athletic Field
1-33 Matsugaoka, 中野区 / 中野区松が丘一丁目33番




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hotaru-gari ホタル狩り catching fireflies
along the river 妙正寺川 Myoshojigawa in 落合 Ochiai

- quote -

江戸時代の蛍狩りの名所としては、谷中の蛍沢や王子の音無川などが知られていたが、特に、
神田上水と妙正寺川の清流が落ち合うことが名の由来といわれている「落合」の蛍は、大きくてひときわ明るかったようだ。


落合ほたる」広重 Ochiai Fireflies, Hiroshige
- reference source : suumo.jp/journal... -

. ensoku 遠足 excursion, day trips in Edo .


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Myōshōji Temple
3 Chome-5-10 Shimizu, Suginami City,
法光山妙正寺 東京都杉並区清水3-5-10



The temple was founded in 1352.
Main treasures are
久遠実成本師釈迦牟尼仏 Shakamuni Buddha, 日蓮聖人 Saint Nichiren and
Jikkai mandala 十界曼荼羅 Mandala for Invoking the Ten Realms


stamp of the temple

- HP of the temple 法光山妙正寺
- reference source : myosho-ji.com... -


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. The Rivers of Edo .


. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #myooshooji #myoshoji #myoshojigawa - - - -
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3/16/2019

Taishido Seijo districts Setagaya

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. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Taishidoo 太子堂 Taishido district
Setagaya, Taishido 一丁目 - 五丁目 first to fifth sub-district



In the compound of the temple 円泉寺 Ensen-Ji is a doo 堂 hall in memory of
. Shootoku Taishi 聖徳太子 Prince Shotoku Taishi (574 - 622) .
The hall had been erected by 賢恵僧都 priest Kenkei around 1350.
He had installed a statue of Shotoku Taishi carved by 弘法大師 Kobo Daishi.
He also installed a statue of 十一面観世音 Kannon Bosatsu with 11 heads, now the main deity of the temple.



聖王山 法明院 円泉寺 Ensen-Ji
3 Chome-30-8 Taishido, Setagaya

The temple is Nr. 51 of the pilgrimage to 88 Henro temples in Tamagawa
玉川八十八ヶ所霊場

- HP of the temple
- reference source : tesshow.jp/setagaya... -

. Kobo Daishi, Kukai 弘法大師 空海 (774 - 835) .



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Seijoo 成城 Seijo district
Setagaya, 成城一丁目 - 成城九丁目 from the first to the 9th sub-district



Until the Meiji period, it was a wilderness of forests in the Musashino plain, named
北多摩郡砧村大字喜多見 Kita Tama district, Kinuta village Daigaku Kitami

In 1925, the Seijoo Gakuen 成城学園 Seijo University was moved here, hence the name.
The name of the university refers back to an old Chinese poetry text, 詩経 Shikyo.
「哲夫成城」(哲夫城を成す)
城 meant the realm, so this means
"to assemble people who will be able to form our country"

Now an expensive residential area with famous universities.


成城学園 Seijo Gakuen University and educational center



- quote -
The area known as Seijo, in Setagaya Ward, is approximately fifteen minutes by rapid train from the central Shinjuku area, which means Seijo Gakuen is located in a quiet residential neighborhood in comfortable proximity to the city center. The school is also so close to the station that you can even see the university buildings as the train pulls in. This convenience factor makes Seijo an ideal location to commute to for students living off campus.
In addition to its easy access to the city center,
Seijo is surrounded by a lush natural environment, reminiscent of the old natural expanse of the Musashino area, and the greenery here is an unusual occurrence in the city of Tokyo. The Seijo Pond site on the grounds has even been listed as one of the 100 Best Views of Setagaya. At Seijo Gakuen, students enjoy nature on a daily basis, which is yet another factor that makes our campus highly conducive to growth and learning.
- The surrounding town takes the name of Seijo Gakuen
At the present time, Seijo is well-known as a quiet residential area. Seijo Gakuen moved to this barren space in 1925, when the area was called Kinuta Village, Kita-tama, under the jurisdiction of Tokyo Prefecture. Records show that the school purchased and divided the land, upon which the college town was built.
The Odakyu Line
was launched in April 1927, from which time the name "Seijo Gakuen" was used for the station name. In 1936, when the area was absorbed into the Tokyo metropolitan, the district name was changed to "Seijo-machi, Setagaya Ward."
"Kinuta Village" thus became "Seijo,"
taking the name of our school. Cherry blossom, gingko, and other seedlings planted by Seijo Gakuen students at the time the school was relocated here now decorate the town throughout the seasons, and are currently something of a local seasonal attraction. Up until the mid-fifties and early sixties, the line of cherry blossom trees stretching north from the North Exit of Seijo Gakuen to intersect with gingko trees was called "Sawayanagi Street," a name symbolic of how integral a part Seijo Gakuen is of the town of Seijo.
- source : seijo.ac.jp/en... -



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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

- Legends about 太子堂 Taishido

................................................................................. Fukushima 福島県

. Kōbō Daishi Kūkai 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説  Kobo Daishi Kukai Legends .

Once upon a time a village hunter had been chasing a shika 鹿 deer deep into a swamp, when he heard a voice calling:
"Pick me up, pick me up and carry me with you!"
He asked who that was and was told it was a statue made by Kobo Daishi. So he took it and venerated it at the 太子堂 Taishi-Do hall.
On his way he got entangled in reeds and one stuck into the eye of the statue, which shows the remains of bleeding to our day.
And to our day the villagers have 片目が細い one small eye.




................................................................................. Kanagawa 神奈川県

久里濱村 Kurihama village
There is a Taishido Hall to venerate Shotoku Taishi.
If someone passes the bridge before the hall on a rainy night, the light of his lantern will be getting off.




................................................................................. Nagano 長野県

. o-inu sama お犬様 "honorable wolf" legends .
Near the Hall for Shotoku Taishi, 太子堂 Taishido. there is a sanctuary to venerate the skull of a 山犬 wolf.
This area was developed by 村松家 the Muramatsu family.
A wolf, messenger of Yamanokami, was trying to show them the way, but they shot him by accident.
So he became 家の守り神 the protector deity of the family.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

. Edo, Tokyo 江戸 - 東京 - 伝説 Legends Index .


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. Setagaya ku 世田谷区 Setagaya ward .


. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #taishido #seijo #seijogakuen #ensenji - - - -
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10/08/2018

Kichijojimura village Musashino

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Kichijoojimura 吉祥寺村 Kichijo-Ji village
武蔵野市 Musashino-Shi 吉祥寺 Kichijoji, 北 Kita, 南 Minami, 東 Higashi districts



Its former name was
北多摩郡吉祥寺村 Kita-Tama district, Kichijoji mura

It was a village along the beginning of the
. 五日市街道 Itsukaichi Kaido Highway. .
Itsukaichi-kaido was constructed in the early Edo Period as a route to transport charcoal produced in Akikawa valley to Edo.

- quote
Kichijōji (吉祥寺) is a neighborhood in the city of Musashino in Tokyo, Japan.
It is centered on the compact but very popular commercial area to the north of its train station and to the south a little and has an artistic, fashionable, from discount to the highest end shops and restaurants, bars and coffee houses.


Kichijōji Station
is served by the Chūō Line which go up to Tokyo central station just in 30 minutes, Sobu Line, Tozai Line and is also a terminus of the Keiō Inokashira Line, which takes passengers as far as Shibuya, another one of most fashionable shopping centers in Tokyo.
The area is one of the most popular areas for younger people to spend their weekend, because it features one of Tokyo's most varied and complete shopping areas, as well as the almost constantly crowded Inokashira Park together with its zoo. Supporting the fact of its popularity is that it's been voted to the number 1 place every year where people in Japan wish they would live since 1990s according to poll by a magazine.
- - - - - History
This town was named after the Kichijō-ji Temple which was located in Bunkyō City, Tokyo, before being destroyed by fire in the year 1657. This temple, in turn, derived its name from the Hindu goddess Lakshmi, corresponding to Kisshōten in Japan.
During the Great fire of Meireki,
the town in front of Suwazan Kichijō-ji Temple gate, Edo's Hongo Motomachi was destroyed by fire. Afterwards, based on town planning, the Shogunate rebuilt the area for Daimyō residences. Since the residents who used to live in front of Kichijo-ji gate had suffered great loss of residence and farm land, the shogunate's official reed lands named "Reno" and "Mureno" were provided as substitute land for them. Those hoping to apply were given a rice stipend and house construction loans with a 5 year limit. Kichijo-ji samurai, 佐藤定右衛門 Sato Sadaemon and 宮崎甚右衛門 Miyazaki Jinemon, in cooperation with local farmer 松井十郎左衛門 Matsui Jurozaemon, opened up the eastern district of present day Musashino and relocated the residents there.
Soon after,
with the opening of the 玉川上水 Tamagawa Aqueduct, the previously poorly watered uninhabited Musashino Plateau was cultivated, turning it into a vast farmland. In the process, the neatly partitioned thin rectangular shaped plots of land along Itsukaichi Kaidō (currently Tokyo Metropolitan Route 7, Suginami Akiruno Line) were formed. Some migrants were granted great lengths of land of more than 1000 meters long in the land area extending from Itsukaichi Kaidō to the Tamagawa Aqueduct, up to where the 千川上水 Senkawa Aqueduct divides. But the soil was not particularly fertile, so all of the farmland became dry soil fields, with no wet rice fields. Because of the residents who still had attachment to the former Kichijo-ji,
the new fields were named Kichijōji Village. .....
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Inokashira 井の頭 "Head of the Well" .

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. Kichijōten 吉祥天 Kisshoten, Lakshmi, Shrii Mahâdevi .
Wife of Vishnu in Hindu myths; wife or sister of Bishamonten in Buddhist myths.


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

................................................................................. Kyoto 京都府
南区 Minami ward

ijuu 異獣 a monster animal
Around 1675, in Kichijomura in the South of Kyoto, the statue of 吉祥天女 Kichijoten was open for public viewing.
Many people from the nearby villages came, chanting the 六斎念仏 Rokusai Nenbutsu prayer. They made a lot of noise with their prayer gongs and prayer drums. Suddenly a huge monster animal came out and run away to hide under the veranda of a village house. They managed to catch it.
If had the face of a tanuki 狸 badger and was black from the nose to the top of the front. The neck was white, the back was black and the stomach was white. Its buttocks looked like a tokkuri 徳利 sake container. It had no tail and looked more like a mole. Its back legs were long like that of a dog.
For its food it would only eat 串柿 dried persimmons on a stick.

. rokusai nenbutsu 六斎念仏 "six memorial days" prayers .



................................................................................. Tokyo 東京都
吉祥寺村 Kichijojimura

yooji 楊枝 toothpick
In the compound of the 井の頭弁天堂 Bentendo Hall at Inokashira there was yanagi 柳 an old willow tree.
The toothpicks for the third Shogun Iemitsu have been made from its branches.


Night view of Benten Shrine Snow at Inokashira Park
Kawase Hasui 1928


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

新人の穴新しく吉祥寺
shinjin no ana atarashiku Kichijooji

攝津幸彦 Settsu Yukihiko



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. Musashino 武蔵野 Musashino Uplands .


. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #kichijomura #kichijoji #kisshoten #musashino - - - -
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6/12/2018

Kokubunji city Koigakubo

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Kokubunji shi 国分寺市 Kokubunji city



- quote
Kokubunji is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis.
Kokubunji is located on the Musashino Terrace of western Tokyo, approximately in the geographic centre of Tokyo Metropolis.
- History
The area of present-day Kokubunji was part of ancient Musashi Province, and was the site of the Nara period Provincial temple of that province. In the post-Meiji Restoration reform of 1878, the area became part of Kita^Tama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The village of Kokubunji was created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of municipalities law. Kita-Tama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Kokubunji was elevated to town status in 1940, and to city status on November 3, 1964.
- source : wikipedia

. Musashi no Kuni 武蔵国 Musashi Province .


. Kokubunji 国分寺 Kokubun-Ji temples .
A system of regional provincial temples everywhere in Japan, established by Emperor Shomu Tenno (701 – 756) ).


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 Koigakubo, Koi-ga-kubo 恋ヶ窪 "cave of love"
Kokubunji city, 東 Higashi-Koigakubo, 西 Nishi-Koigakubo, Eastern and Western sub-district

It is located on a plain and has rich water supplies, including the river 野川 Nogawa from Higashikoigakubo, flowing into the river 摩川水 Tamagawa.
In the many ponds of old lived koicarp fish, giving a name to the area, 鯉ヶ窪 "hollow with carp fish".



The city used to be a postal station along the Kamakura Kaido Highway with many red-light districts.

The name might also relate to a story around 1200.
This is the love story of Hatakeyama Shigetada and the courtesan 夙妻太夫 Asazuma Dayu.


source : onboumaru : 夙妻太夫 -

Shigetada was the lord of the land, but Asazuma was just a very beautiful prostitute of the village. Shigetada's main residence was in 埼玉県大里郡川本庁 Saitama and on his way to and from Kamakure he stopped here to see his beloved. Then Shigetada was ordered to go to Western Japan to fight. When he told Asazuma about his absence, she felt she would never see him again and was very sad. She begged him to take her with him. This was not possible so she remained here, crying all day long.
Another visitor fell in love with Asazuma, but she did not accept him as her lover.



When she heard of the death of Shigetada, she was overcome with grief and threw herself into the pond 姿見の池 Sugatami no Ike.
She was buried near the pond and a pine tree grew near her grave. This tree stretched all its branches to the West, as if to find her lover far away. The pine needles had 一葉 only one needle, an expression of her singular love for Shigetada.
The pond has been filled in 1965, but was reopened in 1998, now called 遊水地 Yusuichi.
- You might have guessed, Shigetada had not died at all and eventually came back. When he learned the fate of Asazuma, he grieved and built a small temple for her, named 無量山道成寺 Dojo-Ji. He had a statue of Amida Nyorai made and prayed there every day.

- quote -
Koigakubo, Amida-dō hall, Keisei-ga-matsu, Gozu-tennō Shrine
Koigakubo thrived since ancient times as an inn post on the highway which links the Tōhoku and Hokuriku Regions to Kyoto and Kamakura. Sugatami-no-Ike pond was a place around here where a prostitute named Asazuma Dayū drowned herself overwhelmed by her sorrow when she heard the news that Hatakeyama Shigetada, a warlord who loved her dearly, had been killed in a battle.
The pine tree of matchless beauty is a burial mound for Asazuma and Amida-dō hall is said to have been built for Shigetada who died in the war and there remained many historic spots related to Shigetada and Asazuma in Koigakubo.


source : library.metro.tokyo.jp/portals...

. Hatakeyama Shigetada (畠山重忠, 1164–1205) .
Originally fighting for the Taira clan, he switched sides for the battle of Dan-no-ura, and ended the war on the winning side.

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Koigakubo Station is a railway station in Kokubunji, Tokyo. It is operated by the private railway operator Seibu Railway. It was opened on 10 February 1955.

There are only four station names that start with koi 恋 love.
The other three are
・三陸鉄道 恋し浜駅 Koishihama station, Sanriku Tetsudo
・智頭急行 恋山形駅 Koi Yamagata station in Tottori
・北海道旅客鉄道 母恋駅 Bokoi station, Hokkaido




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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -



紫陽花や練り塀長き国分寺
ajisai ya nerihei nagaki Kokubunji

hydrangeas -
the long stone-mud-wall
of temple Kokubun-Ji


anonymous
source : slownet


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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3/12/2018

Hachioji district

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Hachiooji 八王子 Hachioji district and 高尾山 Mount Takaosan



In the autumn of 913, 妙行 priest Myogyo came from Kyoto and built his hermitage at
深沢山 Mount Fukasawayama (445 m). He sat in a cave and meditated, not paying attention to the strong disturbing wind, thunder and all kinds of heavenly distractions, which came and went like mist and fog. Myogyo kept meditating and reciting the Sutras.
Now 大蛇 a huge serpent came dangling down from the cave, encircled the saint and fell asleep. Myogyo took his nyoi-bo 如意棒 priest scepter and hit the serpent gently on the head:
"Wake up, please!" The serpent opened its eyes and left quietly.
Next morning a deity came to him with his eight children (hachi oji):
"My children and myself have great respect for your virtues! You may use all the land to spread the good words and we will protect all the people on it. I am the deity Gozu Tenno and these are my eight children."
「私は牛頭天王で伴っているのは八王子です」


source : en-nichi.seesaa.net/article...

Myogyo continued his meditation and in 916 proclaimed Fukasawayama as 天王峰 Mount Tenno-Mine and the eight peaks around it as 八王峰 Mount Oji-Mine. He built a sanctuary on each one and spread the belief in Gozu Tenno and his Hachi Oji in all parts.
Then he built a temple at the foot of Mount Fukasawayama, which became quite large within time.
In the year 939 the story reached the ears of the Emperor 朱雀天皇 Suzaku Tenno and he bestowed a new name to the priest :
Kegon Bosatsu Myogyo 華厳菩薩妙行
The name of the temple is 牛頭山神護寺 Gozusan Jingo-Ji.
- reference source : takaopress.net/kegonbosatsu -



八王子神社 Hachioji Jinja

牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno and his eight princes (八王子 hachi ooji) are celebrated at the shrine
八王子神社 Hachioji Jinja and 八王子権現社 Hachioji Gongensha.

. 牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno - Heavenly King with an Ox-Head .


八王子権現社 Hachioji Gongensha

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- quote
Hachiōji (八王子市 Hachiōji-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis,...
- - - - - History
The area of present-day Hachiōji was part of ancient Musashi Province. It has been an important junction point and post town along the Kōshū Highway, the main road that connected the historical Edo (today's Tokyo) with western Japan.
Hachiōji Castle was built during the Sengoku period in 1584 by Hōjō Ujiteru, but was soon destroyed in 1590 by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
During the Edo period, the area was Tenryō controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate.
In the post-Meiji Restoration reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Minamitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture.
The town of Hachiōji was created on April 1, 1889, with the establishment of municipalities law. Minaitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Hachiōji gained city status on September 1, 1917.
..... The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains, forming the Hachioji Basin which opens up toward the east in the direction of Tokyo. The mountain ranges in the southwest include Mount Takao (599 m) and Mount Jinba (857 m),
- More in the wikipedia ! -

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. Kōshū Kaidō 甲州街道 Koshu Kaido Highway .
The Highway from Edo via Kofu to Suwa
11. Hachiōji-shuku (八王子宿) (Hachiōji, Hachioji) postal station




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. Pilgrimage to 36 Fudo Temples in Kanto / Bando .
08 . 高尾山 Takao-San 八王子 Hachioji .

. Kongooin 金剛院 Kongo-In .
39-1 Ueno-machi, Hachioji, Tokyo 八王子東京 / 武州八王子高野山

. Shooeizan 松栄山 Shoeizan 了法寺 Ryoho-Ji .
This temple in Hachioji near central Tokyo belongs to the Nichiren sect.

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. Tama-ori, Tama Ori 多摩織 Woven Fabrics from Tama .
In Hachioji, which was known as the "City of Mulberries," sericulture (the raising of silkworms) and textile manufacturing have both long flourished; and these factors have contributed to the continued weaving of various textiles in the area.



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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .



. Legends about Mount Takao-San and its Tengu 天狗 .
and Izuna Daigongen 飯縄大権現

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神奈川県 Kanagawa 津久井郡 Tsukui district 城山町 Shiroyama

kamikakushi 神隠し spirited away
Once the farmer 小松の高さん Komatsu no Taka-san, who had been ill for many years was suddenly spirited away. About two weeks later he came home in a rikshaw, all the way from Mount Takaosan.
But now he had become quite crazy and lost his mind completely.

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. hikarimono 光り物 great light .
At night on the 8th day of the 10th lunar month, a huge stone fell from the sky in Ushigome.
The year before, a similar stone had fallen down in 八王子 Hachioji.
There was thunder in the night and a light like a lightning.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -
62 八王子 東京 (01)
71 to explore 八王子 (01)
Including places named Hachioji in other parts of Japan
八王子神社 in Ishikawa

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

八王子駅出でて直ぐ桑がくれ
hachiooji eki idete sugu kuwa gakure

out of Hachioji station
right into
the mulberries

Tr. Gabi Greve

三橋敏雄 Mitsuhashi Toshio


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. Hachioji sennin dooshin 八王子千人同心 1000 officials from Hachioji .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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1/02/2017

Karasuyama Temple Town

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Karasuyama teramachi 烏山寺町 Karasuyama Temple Town

There are 26 temples in the area.
The area is called the Little Kyoto of Setagaya ward 世田谷の小京都.



からすやま寺町の歌 - The song of Karasuyama Temple Town
- reference source : www.youtube.com -

- quote -
The Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 brought a virtual tidal wave of displaced refugees, and a flotilla of temples as well. Setagaya’s population nearly doubled, and Teramachi, or “temple town,” near Chitose-Karasuyama, offered land on which 26 temples damaged in the quake were rebuilt.
A variety of Buddhist sects are represented, and one temple, Senkoji, sequesters the grave site of world-renowned ukiyo-e artist Kitagawa Utamaro.
The hush over the area is eerie beyond words.
- A wave to Setagaya
- source : Kit Nagamura / Japan Times -

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01 Myookooji 妙高寺 Myoko-ji
Nichiren Sect.

The temple moved to Karasuyama in 1927 after the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923. It retains a grave of the Mizuno family, the lord of the Yamagata domain. There are graves of 藤井右門 Fujii Umon, an advocate of the restoration of the Imperial rule, three Japanese-style painters: 速水御舟 Hayami Gyoshu (1894 - 1935),
今村紫紅 Imamura Shiko (1880 - 1916), 小村雪岱 Komura Settai (1887 - 1940), and 川之辺一朝 Kawanobe Itcho (1830 - 1910), a lacquer artist.
Myoko-ji HP : - reference source : myokozi.com -

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. 金剛山 Kongozan 悲願寺 Higan-Ji 多聞院 Tamon-In .
Nr. 03 of the Gofunai 御府内八十八ヶ所霊場 88 Henro Temples in Edo

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03 Joomanji 乗満寺 Joman-ji
Shinshu-otani School
The temple was originally located in Kaga and called Rinsho Temple. After moving to Setsu, Fushimi, Suruga then Edo, it changed its name to Joman Temple. It moved to Karasuyama in 1924. In the Edo period the temple had many patrons among 江戸期は幕臣関係の檀家 the vassals of the shogun.

04 Nyuurakuji 入楽寺 Nyuraku-ji
Shinshu-otani School
It was built in Hiramatsu-cho, Nihonbashi in 1648. After being moved to Matsuyama-cho, Asakusa, it was burnt down in the Great Kanto Earthquake. It moved to Karasuyama in 1927.

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05 Jooeiji 常栄寺 Joei-ji
Jodo-shin Sect. Honganji School

The buildings were all burnt in the Great Kanto Earthquake except for the principal image and the necrology. It moved to Karasuyama from Tsukiji in 1924.
There are the remains of a foundation stone of 菊田伊州 Kikuta Ishu (1791 - 1852), a Japanese-style painter.
Joei-ji HP - reference source : joueiji.net-

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06 Genshooji 源正寺 Gensho-ji
Jodo-shin Sect. Honganji School
The temple moved to Karasuyama from Tsukiji in 1932. They have metal tubs made by 藤原正次 Fujiwara Shoji,
a master of foundry in the Edo period, which were chosen as cultural assets.


07 Shinryuuji 幸龍寺 Shinryu-ji
Nichiren Sect.
The temple was originally built as a prayer hall for the Tokugawa family. It moved to Hamamatsu, Suruga, Yushima then Asakusa. It was damaged in the Great Kanto Earthquake. Its relocation to Karasuyama began in 1927 and was completed in 1940.

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08 Zonmyooji 存明寺 Zonmyo-ji
Shinshu-otani School

The temple was built at Sakurada-mon in the early Edo period. It moved to Azabu in the Meiji period, then to Karasuyama in 1927 after the 1923 earthquake. Teachings written by the chief priest are on display at the gate, and they are changed from time to time.
The temple features a dining facility for needy children, Zonmyōji Kodomo Shokudō - Cafeteria.
Zonmyo-ji HP : - reference source : zonmyoji.jp -

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09 Shoo-oo-in 稱往院 Shoo-in
Jodo Sect.
The temple was built in Yushima in 1596, then moved to Asakusa. It moved to Karasuyama in 1927 after the 1923 earthquake.

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source : tukitodora.exblog.jp

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10 Myooyuji 妙祐寺 Myoyu-ji
Jodo-shin Sect. Honganji School


source : saiseki.net/specialties/temple13

The temple was built in Shibuya in 1625 with the statue of 阿弥陀如来 Amida Nyorai which was dug out from the ground. It moved to Karasuyama due to the construction of the Ginza Line in 1937 and the re-zoning plan in 1949.
They have a unique main building which was built in the Indian style.

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11 Soofukuji 宗福寺 Sofuku-ji
Jodo Sect.
The temple moved to Karasuyama from Nippori after the 1923 earthquake.

12 Eiryuuji 永隆寺 Eiryu-ji
Hokke Sect.
日義上人 Nichiyoshi, a holy priest who taught the game of go to Tokugawa Ieyasu, built the temple in Kanda. Daikoku, a stone statue as the temple’s treasure, was given to the temple by お万の方 O-Man, one of Ieyasu’s concubines. The temple moved to Yanaka, Honjo, then to Karasuyama in 1928 after the 1923 earthquake.
There is a grave of 三遊亭圓生 Sanyutei Ensho (1839 - 1900), a Rakugo comic storyteller who was designated as a living national treasure.

13 Jooinji 浄因寺 Join-ji
Jodo-shin Sect. Honganji School
The temple used to retain a grave of the 福岡黒田藩士 Kuroda family, who were clansmen in Fukuoka. It moved from Azabu to Karasuyama in 1924.

14 Zengyooji 善行寺 Zengyo-ji
Jodo-shin Sect. Honganji School
The temple was originally built around Yokoyama-cho, Chuo-ku in the early Edo period, then moved to Tsukiji due to the large fire in the Meireki period. It moved to Karasuyma after the 1923 earthquake.

15 Manpukuji 萬福寺 Manpuku-ji, Mampukuji
Jodo-shin Sect. Honganji School
The temple was built in Hamacho in the early Edo period, then moved to Tsukiji during the Meireki period. It moved to Karasuyama after the 1923 earthquake.

16 Myoozenji 妙善寺 Myozen-ji
Jodo-shin Sect. Honganji School
北条家家臣菅原正円 Sugawara Shoen, a vassal of the Hojo family, was converted to Buddhism, became a pupil of Shinran and built a thatched cottage in Ise. It is said to have been the origin of the temple. It moved to Tsukiji near the fish market, where the priests were engaged in missionary work. So they have many believers among fish market workers. It moved to Karasuyama in 1927.

17 Myoojuuji 妙寿寺 Myoju-ji
Hokke Sect.
The temple was originally built in Yanaka. It moved to Honjo-sarue, then to Karasuyama in 1924 after the 1923 earthquake. There is a temple bell made by 藤原正次
Fujiwara Shoji, a master of foundry, which was partly burnt in the 1923 earthquake. The guest room was relocated from the former house of the 鍋島侯爵邸 Prince Nabeshima. 正隆廟 Shoryubyo, a hall to worship for future generations was newly built in 2000.

18 Senkooji 専光寺 Senko-ji
Jodo Sect.
The temple was originally built in Shinagawa, and moved to Bakurai-cho, then Asakusa. It moved to Karasuyama in 1927 after the 1923 earthquake. The main building and the monks’ living quarters were burnt due to the air raid in 1945. The main building was re-built in 1958. There is a grave of 喜多川歌麿 Kitagawa Utamaro (1753 - 1806), an ukiyo-e artist.

19 Eiganji 永願寺 Eigan-ji
Shinshu-otani School
越後の堀家家臣浄順 Jojun, a vassal of the Hori family in Echigo became a priest and built the temple in Kanda. It moved to Asakusa. The buildings were damaged by the 1923 earthquake, but its principle image Amida statue and the necrology were saved from the fire.

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20 Koogenin 高源院 Kogen-in
Rinzai Sect.

久留米藩有馬家 有馬頼元 Arima Yorimoto (1654 - 1705), the fourth lord of the Kurume domain, was converted to Buddhism and built the temple in Shinagawa. 怡渓和尚 Ikei, the first priest of the temple, mastered the tea ceremony. The Ikei division of the Ishikawa school still exists. The temple moved to Karasuyama in 1926. Its pond, Benten-ike, is known as a spot where wild ducks come and stay. In the center of the pond, there is a little shrine, 浮御堂 Ukigodo, which enshrines 宝生弁財天 Hosho Benzaiten.

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21 Genryooin 源良院 Genryo-in
Jodo Sect.
The temple moved to Karasuyama from Asakusa in 1925 due to the 1923 earthquake. It used to be a temple for trainee monks. It enshrines 火伏観世音 Hifuse Kanzeon Bosatsu, which was believed to protect the Edo towns from further damage from the fires.

22 Myooyooji 妙揚寺 Myoyo-ji
Nichiren Sect.
The temple moved to Karasuyama from Yanaka Imosaka in 1928.

23 Genshooji 玄照寺 Gensho-ji
Nichiren Sect.
日延上人 Nichien, a priest brought up by 加藤清正 Kato Kiyomasa, built the temple in Shiba Shirogane. It moved to Karasuyama in 1927. There is a grave of the 戸川 Togawa family of the Niwase domain and a statue of 鬼子母神 Kishibojin, the goddess of childbirth and children.

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24 Joofukuji 常福寺 Jofuku-ji
Kenpon-hokke Sect.

The temple was built in Asakusa in 1511, then moved to Karasuyama in 1928 due to the 1923 earthquake.
In the precincts there are porcelain 狸 Tanuki racoon dogs in all sizes, which symbolize wealth and happiness.
Jofuku-ji HP - reference source : joufukuji.com -

. Tanuki 狸 Badger, Racoon Dog .

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25 Junshooji 順正寺 Junsho-Ji
高柳山 With a statue of Amida Nyorai by 恵心僧都 priest Eshin Sozu (Heian period).

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26 Sairenji 西蓮寺 Sairen-ji
Shinshu-otani School

宗誓上人 Shusei, born into a samurai family, became a priest and built the temple in Sakurada-mon. It moved to Toranomon, Mita, then to Karasuyama in 1939.
There is also a unique temple gate with tsuijibei 築地塀 Tsuiji-style fence.
Sairen-ji HP : - reference source : sairen99.cocolog-nifty.com-

. tsuijibei 築地塀 Tsuiji fence - Introduction .

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Maps are available from Okubo Sekizai :
4-14-10, Minamikarasuyama, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo
- reference : ohkubo-sekizai.co.jp/teramachi/english



- reference : karasuyama teramachi -
- reference : 烏山 寺町 -
- reference : wikipedia -

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. Setagaya ku 世田谷区 Setagaya ward .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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12/10/2016

The Edo Clan

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. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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The Edo Clan of the Musashi Taira 武蔵江戸氏 Musashi Edo-Shi

They lived in the hamlet 江戸郷 Edo Go, their Homeland in the Musashi Plain. It was located in the
日比谷の入江 Hibiya no Irie inlet.
Edo 江戸 means "estuary", lit. "inlet door", "entrance to the inlet".

Other clans who lived in the Edo area before Tokugawa Ieyasu established the Bakufu government:



畠山氏 Hatakeyama clan in 深谷 Fukaya
河越氏 Kawagoe clan in 川越 Kawagoe
豊島氏 Toyoshima clan in 川口 Kawaguchi


. Hibiya 日比谷 / 比々谷 district in Edo .

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- quote
The Edo clan were a minor offshoot of the Taira clan,
and first fortified the settlement known as Edo, which would later become Tokyo. The Imperial Palace now stands at this location.
During the Azuchi-Momoyama period, the clan was renamed the 武蔵喜多見氏 Musashi Kitami clan.
The clan originated in Chichibu in Musashi Province (now Saitama Prefecture). In the late 12th century,
江戸重継 Edo Shigetsugu (Chichibu Shigetsugu) moved south and fortified the little hill at Edo, located where the Sumida River enters Tokyo Bay. This area later became the Honmaru and Ninomaru portions of Edo Castle. There, the Edo grew in military strength under the second patriarch, Edo Shigenaga.

In August 1180, Shigenaga attacked Muira Yoshizumi, an ally of the rival Minamoto clan. Three months later, he switched sides just as Minamoto Yoritomo entered Musashi. Shigenaga assisted the Minamoto in overthrowing the Taira in Kyoto. In return, Yoritomo granted Shigenaga seven new estates in Musashi Province, including Kitami in what is now Tokyo's western Setagaya Ward.

Records show that in 1457, Edo Shigeyasu surrendered his main base at Edo to Ota Dokan. Dokan was a vassal of the powerful Ōgigayatsu branch of the Uesugi clan under Uesugi Sadamasa. Sadamasa was the Kanto-Kanrei for the Ashikaga. Dokan built Edo castle on the site. The Edo clan then moved to Kitami.

In 1593, in a pledge of obedience to Tokugawa Ieyasu, Edo Katsutada changed the clan name to Kitami. Katsutada was employed by the first and second Tokugawa shoguns, reaching the position of Magistrate of Sakai, south of Osaka. Katsutada's grandson-in-law, Shigemasa, found favor with the fifth shogun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi. He rose from the position of hatamoto, with a stipend of one thousand koku, to sobayonin, or "Grand Chamberlain", with a stipend of twenty thousand. It was an influential post, responsible for relaying messages between the shogun and his senior councilors. He was also awarded a large domain in 1686. However, the clan's fortunes suddenly plummeted. In 1689, Shigemasa's nephew violated the Shogunate taboo on bloodshed. Shigemasa had to forfeit his status and property and was banished to Ise, where he died in 1693 at age 36. The 500-year-old Edo clan essentially ceased as a recognized clan.
Tombstones of several generations of the clan are at 慶元寺 Keigen-Ji, a Buddhist temple founded in 1186 by Edo Shigenaga, in Kitami.
The name later changed to 常陸江戸氏 Hitachi Edo-Shi.
- source : wikipedia



江戸重長 Edo Taro Shigenaga  
was the second head of the Edo clan. He first settled and lent his name to the fishing village Edo that eventually grew to become Tokyo.
He was also known as Edo Taroo 江戸太郎 Edo Taro.
In 1180, Shigenaga was asked by Minamoto Yoritomo to cooperate in his uprising against rule of the Taira in Kyoto. Hesitant at first, Shigenaga eventually helped Yoritomo overthrow the Taira rule. Yoritomo granted Shigenaga seven new estates in Musashi Province, including Kitami in what is now Tokyo's western Setagaya Ward.

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source : 4travel.jp/travelogue/10825822

Graves of the Musashi Kitami Clan - 江戸氏之墓所
慶元寺 Keigen-Ji - see below

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- quote -
The ones who got there first
Four centuries before Tokugawa Ieyasu arrived at Edo, a fierce band of mounted warriors had already fortified the hill where Ieyasu would build his magnificent Edo Castle, and on which the Imperial Palace now stands.

In the late 12th century, the Edo clan, as these warriors called themselves, had moved south from Chichibu in present-day Saitama Prefecture led by their patriarch, Edo Shigetsugu. Seizing Edo, they rapidly built up their military presence in the southern Kanto Plain to such a point that, in 1180, Shigenaga, the second clan head, was asked by Minamoto Yoritomo (1147-99) to cooperate in his uprising against the great Taira family in Kyoto.

Shigenaga was not easily persuaded, but eventually lent his power to Yoritomo in overthrowing Taira rule. In appreciation, Yoritomo granted Shigenaga seven new estates in Musashi Province, including Kitami in what is now Tokyo’s western Setagaya Ward.

Little is known about the Edo clan in the turbulent Kamakura Period that began with Yoritomo’s founding of a shogunate in that city in 1192; nor do we know of their fate during the Kyoto-based shogunate known as the Muromachi Period, that ran from 1338-1573. However, records show that in 1457, Edo Shigeyasu surrendered his main base at Edo to Ota Dokan (1432-86), a vassal of Uesugi Sadamasa, Governor of the Kanto Plain, and moved to Kitami. Dokan then built a castle on the site with views of Mount Fuji and Edo Bay, before being killed by an assassin sent by his own master in 1486. The castle was then abandoned until it was taken over by Ieyasu in 1590.

In a pledge of obedience to Ieyasu, Edo Katsutada changed the clan name to Kitami in 1593. Katsutada was employed by the first and second shoguns, reaching the position of Magistrate of Sakai, south of Osaka.

His grandson-in-law, Shigemasa, bathed in the special favor of the fifth shogun and rose to the rank of daimyo by 1682. Promoted to a sobayonin (grand chamberlain), whose influential role was to relay messages between the shogun and his senior councilors, he was awarded a further large domain in 1686.

From this zenith of happiness, however, Shigemasa’s fortunes plummeted — and with them, those of the Edo clan. In 1689, Shigemasa’s nephew violated the shogunal taboo on bloodshed and the family was held collectively responsible. As punishment, Shigemasa forfeited his status and all property and was banished to Ise, where he died in 1693 at age 36. His kin was similarly punished, and with that the 500-year-old Edo clan vanished.

To this day, however, memories of the first possessor of Edo linger on at Keigen-ji in Kitami, Setagaya Ward, an impressive Buddhist temple founded in 1186 by Edo Shigenaga. Tombstones of several generations of the clan, some quite eroded but others recently renovated, huddle together in a corner of the graveyard, tied eternally by their invisible bond of kinship.
- source : Japan Times 2003 - Sumiko Enbutsu -

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Keigenji 慶元寺 Keigen-Ji
永劫山 花林院 慶元寺 Eigosan Karin-In Keigen-Ji

世田谷区喜多見4-17-1 / 4 Chome-17-1 Kitami, Setagaya ward
浄土宗 Jodo Sect.

Apart from the main temple hall, it has a 鐘楼 bell tower and a 三重堂 three-story pagoda.


source and more photos : tesshow.jp/setagaya

The main statue is 阿弥陀如来 Amida Nyorai.
Edo Taro Shigenaga founded this temple, then called 岩戸山大沢院東福寺 Tofuku-Ji in 1186, which then belonged to the 天台宗 Tendai sect.
In 1451 it was relocated to 成城(元喜多見) Seijo (Moto Kitami) and found its final place in 1468.
In 1540, the priest 空誉上人 / 空与(空與)/ 空与守欣上人 Kuyo Shonin revitalized the temple, which had lost its importance. The name changed 上山華林院慶元寺 and now it belonges to the Jodo Sect.
In 1636, Shogun Iemitsu awarded the temple with land of 10石 (about 1ha(10000㎡), annexing 6 temples in the neighborhood.

Number 4 in the pilgrimage to 33 Kannon temples along the Tamagawa 多摩川三十三ヶ所観音霊場.




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Kitami eki 喜多見駅 Kitami station
on the Odakyu Railway Line, on the border between Setagaya Ward and Komae City.
The name of the area,
Kitami
, (also written 北見)
is thought to originate from an ancient Ainu word meaning "flat, wooded place".
- quote wikipedia -



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- Some further History -
... The Kantō Plain appears to have first been populated in the Late Jōmon Period sometime after 3100 BC. ...
... Kofun Period (200-500 AD) : It seems that around the 300’s, Kantō became a vassal state of the Yamato Court. There are more than 200 Kofun in the Tōkyō Metropolis.
丸山古墳 Maruyama Kofun “Round Mountain” Kofun is in 芝公園 Shiba Kōen park ...


... “A feudal warlord named Ōta Dōkan came into the small fishing village of Edo and built his castle there.”...
... “Though it was once an insignificant village in the marshy wetlands,
Tokugawa Ieyasu transformed Edo into a glorious capital befitting of the shōgun.”...
... The Edo clan still had a residence in Kitami, which is present day Setagawa Ward. In light of Tokugawa Ieyasu’s dominance over the area, it would be presumptuous (and confusing) for a clan to retain the name of the capital city when a new daimyō, appointed by the unifier of Japan, controlled that city. So in 1593, taking an oath of submission and fealty to Tokugawa Ieyasu, the last Edo Clan daimyō gave up the name Edo and assumed the name, Kitami, which was where their primary holdings were. ...
... In 1693, the direct family line, no longer Edo but Kitami, was extinguished after the banishment of Kitami Shigeyasu to Ise when his grandson murdered somebody or something.
... At the height of Tokugawa power, the castle is said to have been the biggest in the world and the city was likely the most populous.
- More details and history about the name of EDO -
- source : japanthis.com/2013 -

. Oota Dookan 太田道灌 Ota Dokan (1432 - 1486) .

. kofun 古墳 burial mounds in Tokyo .


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- - - - - Now we come to September 3rd, 1868 :
慶応4年7月17日(西暦では1868年9月3日)
Edo o shooshite Tōkyō to nasu shoosho 江戸を称して東京と為すの詔書
江戸ヲ称シテ東京ト為スノ詔書


Imperial Edict Renaming Edo to Tōkyō.

私は、今政治に自ら裁決を下すこととなり、全ての民をいたわっている。
江戸は東国で第一の大都市であり、四方から人や物が集まる場所である。当然、私自らその政治をみるべきである。よって、以後江戸を東京と称することとする。これは、私が国の東西を同一視するためである。
国民はこの私の意向を心に留めて行動しなさい。

"I at this time settle all matters of state myself in the interest of the people.
Edo is the largest city in the eastern provinces, a place in which things gather from every direction. It were well that
I should personally oversee its governance. Therefore from this time on I shall call it“Tokyo”(Eastern Capital).
This is so that I might oversee all affairs in the land equally, from east to west.
Let the people heed this my will."

- reference source : wikipedia -

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- reference : Edo Shigenaga -
- reference : Kitami Edo Tokyo -

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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .


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