Showing posts with label - - - Persons - People. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - Persons - People. Show all posts

12/27/2018

Persons, People

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Persons and People of Edo - Personen


source : www.heritage-images.com
People of Yedo, Japan


. Edokko 江戸っ子, lit. "child of Edo" .
a person born and raised in Edo

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Abe Masahiro 阿部 正弘 (1819 – 1857) 老中 Roju in the Bakufu Government
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Adams, William Adams "Anjin" 按針 .

. Amakusa Shirō 天草四郎 Amakusa Shiro .
(1621? – April 12, 1638) Nagasaki


Aoki Shukuya 青木夙夜 - nanga painter
literati (bunjin 文人)

. Asahi Shigeaki 朝日重章 . - (1674 - 1718) Samurai and diary writer

. Atsuhime, Atsu-Hime 篤姫 Princess Atsu
Tenshooin 天璋院 Tensho-In .
- (1836 - 1883)



Baba Bunkoo, Baba Bunkō 馬場文耕 Baba Bunko - (1718 - 1759) political writer

. Baisaoo, Baisaō 売茶翁 Baisao, "Old Tea Seller" Zen master .
賣茶翁 (ばいさおう) / 高遊外 Ko Yugai. - (1675 – 1763)

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. - - Bakumatsu  幕末 foreigners in Japan - - .
Aime, Humbert Aime エメ アンベール (1819-1900)
William John Alt - (1840-1905) ウィリアム・オールト
Bird, Isabella Bird, Isabella Lucy Bird イザベラ・バード (1831-1904)
Richard Henry Brunton - (1841 – 1901) - "Father of Japanese lighthouses"
Ranald MacDonald - (1824 – 1894) - first English teacher
- - Kenneth Ross MacKenzie
- - James Mitchell
Laurence Oliphant - (1829 – 1888)
Wirgman, Charles Wirgman チャールズ・ワーグマン(1832 - 1891)
Ernest Satow - Sir Ernest Mason Satow (1843 - 1929) アーネスト・サトウ
Schliemann, Johannes Heinrich Schliemann ハインリヒ・ユリウス・シュリーマン (1822 - 1890)
Scidmore, Eliza Ruhamah Scidmore エリザ・ルアマー・シドモア (1856 - 1928)
Suenson, Edouard Suenson エドゥアルド・スエンソン (1842 - 1921)

- - - - - Jack Seward (1924 – November 2010)

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. Banzuin Chobei 幡随院長兵衛 Chobei of Bandzuin . - (1622–1657)

. Benkei Kozaemon 棟梁弁慶小左衛門 master carpenter .

. Buruma Ian Buruma . - (1951 - ) - Historian

. Buson, 与謝蕪村 Yosa Buson in Edo .
(1715-1783) - Haiku poet


. bugyoo, bugyō 奉行 Bugyo officials in the Edo government .


. busshi 仏師 Buddhist sculptors and Buddha statues .


. Chaya Shiroojiroo, Chaya Shirōjirō 茶屋四郎次郎 Chaya Shirojiro merchant family .
Chaya Shirōjirō Kiyonobu 茶屋四郎次郎清信 (1545-1596)
Chaya Shirōjirō Kiyotada  茶屋清忠 (1584-1603)
Chaya Shirōjirō Kiyotsugu  茶屋清次 (1584-1622)


. Daidôzan Bungorô 大童山文五郎 Daidozan Bungoro .
(1788 - 1822) - "Great Child Mountain" Sumo wrestler

. Daikoku Sakubei Joze 大黒常是 Daikoku Joze .
- 湯浅作兵衛常是 Yuasa Sakubei Joze, Inspector of the Ginza Silver Mint

. Dodoitsubo Senka the First 都々逸坊扇歌 (1804 - 1852) .


. dokufu 毒婦 "poisonous woman" .
Hanai O-Ume 花井お梅
Harada O-Kinu 原田お絹 / Yoarashi O-Kinu 夜嵐お絹
O-Miyo no Kata お美代の方 Senkoin 専行院 
Shirakoya O-Kuma 白子屋お熊
Takahashi O-Den 高橋お伝
Torioi O-Matsu 鳥追お松
Yaoya o-Shichi 八百屋お七


. dooshin, dōshin  同心 Doshin, police officers .
onmitsu dooshin 隠密同心 secret police officers
yoriki 与力 police sergant
meakashi 目明し -okappiki 岡引  semi-official detectives


. Edo Taroo Shigenaga 江戸太郎重長 Edo Taro Shigenaga   .
- The Edo Clan of the Musashi Taira 武蔵江戸氏 Musashi Edo-Shi


. Egawa Tarozaemon 江川太郎左衛門 . - (1801-1855) - Scholar - Hidetatsu Egawa

. Enku 円空 Master Carver .
(1632?~1695)


. Fujiokaya Yoshizoo 藤岡屋由蔵 Fujiokaya Yoshizo . - (1739 - )
- Sudoo Yoshizoo 須藤由蔵 Sudo Yoshizo - Honyoshi 本由


. Fukagawa Hachiroemon 深川八郎右衛門 . - active around 1596. Headman of Fukagawa

Fukami Jikyu - samurai Edokko
source : www.myjapanesehanga.com

Furuyama Moromasa 古山師政 Ukiyoe painter, Edo

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gesakusha 戯作者 writers of light fiction in Edo
author of popular stories -
Kibyooshi 黄表紙 Kibyoshi "Yellow cover" magazines and kokkeibon 滑稽本 comic writing

- - - . Jippensha Ikku 十返舎一九 (1765 - 1831) .
Santoo Kyooden 山東京伝 Santo Kyoden (1761 - 1816)
Tamenaga Shunsui 為永春水 (1790 - 1843)

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. Glover, Thomas Blake Glover トーマス グラバー (1838 - 1911) .
Merchant in Nagasaki


. Go Saga Tenno, Gosaga Tenno 後嵯峨天皇 "Saga the Second". - (1220 - 1272)

. Gotoo Nuinosuke 後藤縫之助 / 後藤縫殿助 Goto Nuinosuke . - Kimono dealer

. Gotoo Shoosaburo 後藤庄三郎 Goto Shosaburo .
- Inspector of the 金座 Kinza Gold Mint


. Habu Genseki Habu 土生玄碩 (1762 - 1848) . - Medical doctor

. Hanabusa Itchoo, Itchō 英一蝶 Hanabusa Itcho . (1652 – 1724) - painter

. Hasegawa Heizoo, Hasegawa Heizô 長谷川平蔵 Hasegawwa Heizo / Onihei  . (1719 - 1773)

. hatamoto 旗本 samurai class .

. Hattori Hanzo 服部半蔵 / 風魔小太郎 Fuma Kotaro / ninja 忍者 spies .

. Hayashi Razan 林羅山 . - (1583 - 1657) - Neo-Confucian philosopher

. Hidari Jingoroo 左甚五郎 Hidari Jingoro . - left-handed carpenter - legends

. Hiki Ikkan 飛来一閑 . (1578年?~明暦3年(1657年)
papier-machee style lacquerer

. Hiraga Gennai 平賀源内 . (1728 - 80)


. Hijiri ひじり【聖】”holy men", mendicant monks .

. Hiroshige - 安藤広重 Ando Hiroshige, 歌川広重 Utagawa Hiroshige .
One Hundred Famous Views of Edo - Meisho Yedo Hiakkei 名所江戸百景
- - - - - source : www.hiroshige.org.uk

. Horie Rokuroo 堀江六郎 Horie Rokuro . - fisherman

. Hoshina Masayuki 保科 正之 . (1611 - 1673). Founder of the Matsudaira clan of Aizu.




. Iba Hachiroo 伊庭八郎 Iba Hachiro . - (1844 - 1869) Samurai and diary writer

. Ichiroo 一路 Ichiro "One Road" - 小野寺一路 Onodera Ichiro .

. Ii Naosuke 井伊直弼 -- Hikone 彦根 and Sakuradamon . - (1815 - 1860)

. Iida Kihei 飯田喜兵衛 - 1590 .

. Ina Hanzaemon Tadanobu 伊奈半左衛門忠順 . (? - 1712)

Inoo Tadataka, Inō 伊能忠敬 Ino Tadataka, Inoh Tadataka
(1745 - 1818) cartographer

Issa - . Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 in Edo .
- Haiku Poet

. Isshin Tasuke 一心太助 fictional fishmonger in Edo .

Iwahashi Zenbei 岩橋善兵衛 (1756–1811) observed the sky -
heitengi 平天儀 to measure celestial bodies
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Iwasaki Yataroo 岩崎弥太郎 Iwasaki Yataro (1834 - 1885) . Founder of Mitsubishi 三菱

. Izawa Yasobei 井沢弥惣兵衛 (1654 - 1738) and the waterworks at Minuma 見沼  .

. Izu no Choohachi 伊豆の長八 Izu no Chohachi - Irie Choohachi 入江長八 Irie Chohachi .
(1815 - 1889) wall plasterer artist


. Jan Joosten van Lodensteyn - (1557 - 1623) .
ヤン・ヨーステン ファン・ローデンスタイン / 耶揚子
Yayosugashi district 八代洲河岸 / Yaesu 八重洲 named after him

. Jizooboo Shoogen 地蔵坊正元 Jizobo Shogen . - Priest around 1708

. Jiun Onkoo 慈雲飲光 Priest Jiun Onko . (1718 – 1804/1805)



. Kaga Heiemon 加賀平右衛門 .
and 銀座加賀町 Ginza Kaga cho district

. Kamada Matahachi (Kamata Matahachi) 鎌田又八 . (? 1657) loyal retainer, strong man

. Kasuga no Tsubone 春日局 Lady Kasuga. - (1579 – 1643)

. Katoo Tamikichi 加藤民吉 Kato Tamikichi .
(1772 - 1824) - the "father of porcelain" it Seto, Aichi.

. Keian 慶庵 / 桂庵 Keian matchmaker .
- - - - - doctor Yamato Keian 大和慶庵 (around 1653)

Kin Noo 金農 Kin-Nou, Kin No (1687 - 1764) painter
literati (bunjin 文人)

. Komusoo 虚無僧 Komuso monks and Shakuhachi flute players .

Koo Fuyoo 高芙蓉 Ko Fuyo (1722 - 1784) painter
literati (bunjin 文人)

. kyookaku 侠客 Kyokaku, "chivalrous Yakuza" .
Banzuiin Chōbei 幡随院長兵衛 Banzuin Chobei . (1622–1657)
Kunisada Chuuji 国定忠治 Kunisada Chuji . (1810-1851)
Shimizu no Jirocho 清水次郎長 . (1820-1893)
Shinmon Tatsugoro 新門辰五郎 . (?1792 / ?1800 - 1875)



Matsudaira shi 松平氏 Matsudaira clan
Matsudaira Motoyasu changed his name to Tokugawa Ieyasu . . .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Matsudaira Naonori 松平直矩 . - (1642 - 1695) Samurai and diary writer

. Matsudaira Nobutsuna 松平信綱 (1596 – 1662) .


. Matsui Gensui 松井源水 spinning top juggler family . - Asakusa, Edo

. Matsuo Basho in Edo 松尾芭蕉 .
(1644 - 1694) - Haiku Poet

Meisho - Empress Meishō (1623–96)
and Cultural Pursuits at the Japanese Imperial Court"
by Elizabeth Lillehoj, DePaul University
- source : facebook -

. Mito Koomon 水戸黄門 Mito Komon .
Tokugawa Mitsukuni 徳川 光圀
July 11, 1628 - January 14, 1701

. Mizuno Heikuroo 水野兵九郎 Mizuno Heikuro - Setomonoya.

Mizuno Tadakuni 水野忠邦 (1794 – 1851) - Sōshaban (Master of Ceremonies)
Mizuno Tadamasa (水野忠政) and other MIZUNO officials in the Edo Bakufu

. Mokujiki 木食上人観正 Saint Mokujiki Shonin Kansho / 木食観正上人 . - around 1780

. Moriyama Takamori 森山孝盛 . - (1738 - 1815) Samurai and diary writer

. Murata Harumi 村田春海 (1746 - 1812) . Scholar and poet



. Nakae Tooju 中江藤樹 Nakae Tōju (1608 – 1648) .
Confucian philosopher - "the sage of Ōmi" 近江聖人

. Nami no Ihachi 波の伊八 "Ihachi the carver of waves" .
(1751-1824)

. Nichoosai, Nichōsai 耳鳥斎 Nichosai, Nicho-sai . - (?1751 - 1802/03) Painter from Osaka

. Nezumi Kozō ねずみ小僧 / 鼠小僧 Nezumi Kozo, a famous thief .

. Ninmiya Sontoku 二宮尊徳 . - (1787-1856)- studying food

. Nitta Yoshioki 新田義興 . (? - 1358) and
矢口渡 Yaguchi no Watashi



. Oguri Tadamasa 小栗 忠順 - Oguri Kozukenosuke 小栗上野介 . - (1827 - 1868) - Statesman

. Oni-Azami Seikichi 鬼あざみ清吉 - famous thief, bandit . *

. Onogawa Kisaburō 小野川喜三郎 Onogawa Kisaburo . - (1758 - 1806) Sumo wrestler

Ookubu Shibutsu 大窪詩佛 Okubo Shibutsu (1767 - 1837) Poet
literati (bunjin 文人)

. Ooka Echizen, 大岡越前 Oka Echizen, .
Ōoka Tadasuke (大岡 忠相) (1677 - 1752) - Governor of Edo (machi bugyoo 町奉行)


. Ookubo Hikozaemon 大久保彦左衛門 - Okubo Tadataka 大久保 忠教 . (1560 - 1639)

. Oota Dookan 太田道灌 Ota Dokan .
(1432-1486) Builder of Edo Castle

. Oota Nanpo 大田南畝 Ota Nanpo, Ota Nampo - 蜀山人 Shokusanjin . (1749 - 1823)



Rai Sanyoo 頼山陽 Rai Sanyo (1781- 1832)poet
literati (bunjin 文人)

. Ryuutatsu 隆達 Ryutatsu - 高三隆達 Takasabu Ryutatsu .
(1527 - 1611)
- - - - - and a monk named Roosai 弄斎 Rosai.


. Saeki Yataroo 佐柄木弥太郎 Saeki Yataro . - sword polisher

. Saito Gesshin 斉藤月岑 (1804 - 1878) .
----- . 斎藤月岑 Saito Gesshin . - (1674 - 1718) Samurai and diary writer

. Sakai Banshiroo 酒井伴四郎 Sakai Banshiro . - (1833 - ?) Samurai and diary writer

. Sakai Tadakatsu 酒井忠勝 (1587 - 1662) . - Daimoy, Roju

. Sakamoto Ryooma (Ryuuma) 坂本竜馬 Sakamoto Ryoma (1836 - 1867) .

. Sakuma Heihachi 佐久間平八 . lumber merchant

. Sanada Yukimura and the Sanada clan 真田幸村 . - (1567 -1615) Sanadamaru 真田丸

. Sengai Gibon 仙厓義梵 (1751–1837) .

. sendoo sendō 船頭 boatsman, ferryman, chief fisherman .

. shakan, sakan 左官 plasterer, stucco master .

. Shibata Zeshin 柴田是真 (1807 - 1891) and laquer ware .

. Shibukawa Shunkai 渋川春海 Shibukawa Harumi .
- (1639 - 1715) astronomer and go player


. Shinsengumi 新選組 Group of Samurai to protect Shogun Tokugawa Iemochi .

. shokunin  職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .
- - - - - takumi 匠 master craftsman

. Siebold, Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796 - 1866) .
German physician, botanist, and traveler. Stayed in Dejima, Nagasaki.


. Sukeroku 助六 - Hero of Edo .

. Sumitomo family 住友家, Osaka .

. Suruga Dainagon 駿河大納言 ー Tokugawa Tadanaga 徳川忠長 . - (1606 – 1634)

. Suuden, Konchi-In Suuden 金地院崇伝 Priest Konchin Suden - Ishin Suuden 以心崇伝 .


. Suzuki Shigenari 鈴木重成 .
(1588 - 1653)


. Tachibana Sakon no Shogen 立花左近将監 from Fukuoka / Asakusa .

. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – March 25, 940) .

. Takadaya Kahei 高田屋嘉兵衛 .
(1769 - 1827) Merchant from Awajishima 淡路島, Shikoku

. 高松喜六 Takamatsu Kiroku (? - 1713) . and 内藤新宿 Naito Shinjuku

. Takano Chooei, Takano Chōei 高野長英 Takano Choei . - (1804 - 1850) . Doctor

. Takatsu Ihee, Ihei 高津伊兵衛 (1679 - ) .
Iseya 伊勢屋 Iseya Store and Iseya Ihee 伊勢屋伊兵衛

. Tani Bunchō, Tani Bunchoo 谷 文晁 Tani Buncho . (1763 - 1841)
literati (bunjin 文人) painter and poet.

. Tanuma Okitsugu 田沼意次 (1719 - 1788) Edo councillor .

. Tanzenburo Katsuyama Tanzen Buro Katsuyama 丹前風呂勝山 . - lady of pleasure

. Tokiwazu Moji Tayuu 常磐津 文字太夫 Tokiwazu Mojitayu . - (1709 - 1781)
and the Joruri Tokiwazu-bushi 常磐津節

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- Tokugawa Shogun 将軍徳川家

Tokugawa Hidetada 徳川秀忠 (1579 - 1632) - Second Shogun
He died from a worm infection of マンソン孤虫 Schistosoma mansoni.

. Tokugawa Iemitsu 徳川家光 Third Shogun . - (1604 – 1651)
and his reimuzoo 霊夢像 Reimuzo, Oracle Dream Images of Ieyasu

. Tokugawwa Ieyasu 徳川家康 First Shogun . - (1543 - 1616)

. Tokugawa Muneharu 徳川宗春 . - (1696 - 1764) - Nagoya

. Tokugawa Yoshimune 徳川吉宗 . (1684 - 1751)

. Tokugawa Yoshinobu 徳川慶喜 . - (1873 - 1913) The Last Shogun

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. Tomokuroo 鬘師の友九郎 Kabuki wig maker Tomokuro .


. Tooyama 遠山景元 Toyama Saemon no Jo Kagemoto .
(1793 – 1855) - Tōyama no Kin-san (遠山の金さん)

. Tsuchiya Goroemon 土屋五郎右衛門 . - and Konyachō 神田紺屋町 Konya-Cho Indigo dyeing

. Tsuruya Kiemon 鶴屋喜右衛門 Publisher 仙鶴堂 Senkakudo .

Tsuruya Nanboku 鶴屋南北 Tsuruya Namboku IV
Ebiya Genzō, Dai Namboku (1755 - 1892) playwright of macaber and supernatural stories.
Married to the daughter of Tsuruya Nanboku, the Kabuki actor.

. Tsutaya Jūzaburō 蔦屋重三郎 Tsutaya Jusaburo . (1750 - 1797) Publisher



Ukita Kookichi - Ukita Kōkichi - Ukita Kokichi 浮田 幸吉, 1757 - 1847
aviation pioneer from Okayama
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Uzawa Shoogetsu 鵜沢松月 Uzawa Shogetsu (1853 - 1923) and laquer ware .


. Yagyu clan and legends 柳生一族と伝説 .
Yagyū "Sekishūsai" Munetoshi 柳生 石舟斎 宗厳 (1529 - 1606)
- His son,
Yagyū Munenori 柳生宗矩 (1571 – 1646)
- Munenori's sons,
Yagyū Jūbei Mitsuyoshi 柳生 十兵衞 三厳 (Yagyu Jubei) (1607 - 1650) -- and Yagyū Munefuyu 柳生宗冬 (1613 - 1675)


Yanagawa Kooran 梁川紅蘭 Yanagawa Koran (1804 - 1879) Poet
literati (bunjin 文人)

. Yanagisawa Nobutoki 柳沢信鴻 . - (1724 - 1792) Samurai and diary writer

. Yoshimune, 8th Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshimune 徳川吉宗 . (1684 - 1751)


. zatoo 座頭 blind people, often playing the biwa .

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. Daruma Pilgrims .


All people mentioned in the Darumapedia :
. PERSONS - index - PERSONEN .


to be updated
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1/12/2018

Keishoin and Otowa

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Keishoo-In, Keishōin 桂昌院 Keisho-In
(1628 - 1705)
Mother of Shogun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi.



- quote
Childhood Name: 玉 (Tama)
She was born in 1628,
the second daughter of a Nishijin grocer. In her childhood, she was called Tama. She was later adopted by Honjô Munetoshi, steward for Kanpaku Nijô Mitsuhira. Traveling to Edo as the result of some interaction or connection with O-Ume, daughter of Rokujô Yûjun (a member of the Ôoku), Tama entered the Ôoku herself as a concubine of Shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu, and eventually gave birth to Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, who would grow up to be Shogun himself.
After Tsunayoshi became Shogun in 1680, she took up residence in the san-no-maru (third bailey) of Edo castle, and came to be known as San-no-maru-dono as a result.
A private temple was established for her in Edo in 1682; this would later become the Edo  Gokoku-ji. Keishôin was also involved in the construction of Zenkô-ji, a fifteen-year project.
In 1702,
she rose to the Junior First Rank, and many members of her family, beginning with her (adoptive) younger brother Honjô Munesuke, enjoyed the benefits of serving as direct shogunal vassals. It was around this time that her Buddhist devotion grew stronger, and she eventually took on the Buddhist name Keishôin.
She died in 1705, at the age of 79.


Plaque in honor of Keishoin at Imamiya Shrine, Kyoto.
- source : samurai wiki

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. Yanagimori Jinja 柳森神社 Yanagimori Shrine .
was built in the late 17th century by a woman named Keisho-in 桂昌院, the daughter of a lowly greengrocer. As a teenager she was 'scouted' by representatives of Edo castle to join the O-oku -- the harem of women who serviced the Shogun. While this might sound like a sad fate by modern standards, in feudal times a spot in the Ooku was akin to winning the lottery for a woman. No matter how humble your origins, you were treated like royalty in the Ooku, particularly if you caught the Shogun's fancy.
And Keisho-in not only caught his fancy but bore him a son -- a son that eventually became the Fifth Tokugawa Shogun, making her a powerful political figure in her own right. Not bad for a woman who had been sweeping the floor in a vegetable stand just a few decades earlier.
- quote by Hiroko Yoda

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

Otowachoo 音羽町 Otowa district in Edo

There is a famous temple in the district :

. Otowa Gokokuji 音羽護国寺 Otowa Gokoku-Ji
文京区大塚5-40-1 / Bunkyo ward, Otsuka 5-40-1

This temple was founded in 1681 by 亮賢僧正 high priest Ryoken (1611 - 1687)
on behalf of Shogun Tsunayoshi for his mother, 桂昌院 Lady Keisho-In.
The main statue is 如意輪観世音菩薩 Nyoirin Kannon Bosatsu.

After his mother's death, Shogun Tsunayoshi visited this temple very often. There was even a special road for him, through the fields of this otherwise farming area. There was no monzenmachi 門前町 town before the temple.
In 1697 the Bakufu government begun to build houses along the road and asked an old retainer of Keisho-In named
音羽 Otowa to become the head of the new village. This gave the name to the new developing area.
Around 1705 there were not only busy tea stalls and shops in the village, but also a famous brothel quarter (okabasho 岡場所).

In 1833, 久保田増平 Kuboto Masudaira brought the art of paper making to the area and in the back roads of Otowa village many paper makers settled.
Masudaira was from Nagano, Ina district 信濃国(長野県)伊那郡.

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Otowa Ezu 音羽絵図 old map of Otowa
雑司が谷 Zoshigaya


source : national diet library





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Otowa Gokokuji 音羽護国寺
Hokusai painted a large portrait of Daruma san at this temple.





大達磨像 - 江戸・音羽護国寺
Portrait of Daruma at Gokokuji temple in the Otowa District, Edo .

. Katsushika Hokusai 葛飾北斎 (1760 - 1849) .

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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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12/20/2017

Kaga districts

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Kagachoo 加賀町 Kaga-Cho, Kagacho, Kaga districts in Edo

There are two districts with this name, one in the Ginza and one in Ichigaya.
東京都中央区銀座七丁目 Ginza / 東京都新宿区市ヶ谷 Ichigaya

There are two theories about this name:
One is named after a 加賀平右衛門 Kaga Heiemon, the 町名主 headman of this district.

The other is being named after the domain name of Kaga (now Ishikawa prefecture)
This refers to Kaga Cho in Ichigaya.


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銀座加賀町 Ginza Kaga cho

This was first located in 東京府東京市京橋区 and existed until 1930.
Then it became a part of 京橋区銀座西 Kyobashi ward, Ginza Nishi
Now it is part of 東京都中央区銀座七丁目 Chuo ward, Ginza



When Tokugawa Ieyasu first came to Edo, the area of Ginza was still sea and had been filled up when building the castle of Edo, especially the palace at Nishi no Maru. The whole beach front had been reclaimed and became suitable for housing. One of the new districts was called KAGA.
This was the name of the person who was involved in the development of the area,
加賀平右衛門 Kaga Heiemon,
who later became the 町名主 headman of this district.


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市谷加賀町 Ichigaya Kaga cho
東京都新宿区 Shinjuku
- former - 東京府東京市牛込区市ヶ谷加賀町
市ヶ谷加賀町一丁目 / 市ヶ谷加賀町二丁目 with two sub-districts



This district is named after the Lord of the Kaga domain, Maeda Mitsutaka 前田光高 (1616 - 1645).
His estate was in this area.
By way of his mother, he was the nephew of Shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu.
As Iemitsu was heirless for some time, Mitsutaka was considered a potential heir. He would then have become the fourth Tokugawa shogun.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


- quote
The towns of Edo that were established then were named after feudal domains; with names such as
Surugacho, Owaricho, Kagacho, and Inabacho.
They bore the names of the domains that the daimyos in charge of rebuilding the towns were from.
- source : nihombashi-tokyo.com/history...

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. Kaga han 加賀藩 Kaga Domain and the Maeda clan .
Ishikawa - 石川県

. Kaga ryoori 加賀料理 Kaga ryori- dishes from Kaga .


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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12/16/2017

Horie district

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Horiechoo, Horie choo 堀江町 Horie Cho district
Kobunachoo 小舟町 Kobunacho, Kobuna Cho district ("small boat")


Located in the South of 江戸川区南部 Edogwa district, 葛西地域 Kasai area.
The name has been used until 1932 and later (1979) became part of the Kasai area.



When Tokugawa Ieyasu came to Edo, there a lot of fishermen in this are, one of them was
Horie Rokuroo 堀江六郎 Horie Rokuro.
Ieyasu allowed him to use his name for the area and provide fish and seafood for the fast-growing city.

It is a narrow long district, next to 小舟町 Kobunacho, sandwiched between two waterways.
In the East is 東堀留川 Higashi-Horidomegawa , in the West 伊勢町川 Isechogawa. (These waterways do not exist any more.)

Because of this good access by boat, there were many storehouses. They stored
木材 lumber, 米 rice, 塩 salt, 乾物 dried food items, 、鰹節 Bonito flakes, 海草 seaweed, 線香 incense, 麻 hemp, 下駄 geta clogs.
kasaumbrellas, minostraw raincoats.


Edo Meisho Zue 江戸名所図会

There were also many craftsmen and dealers for uchiwa 団扇 hand fans (the air-conditioning for summer in Edo).
So Horie was soon identified with the hand fans.

Two districts in the middle of Horie were also called
Terefurechoo 照降町 (てれふれ) Terefurecho, Terefure Cho
(district where it rains (fure) and shines (tere))
The Japanese is also given as (てりふりちょう ) Terifuricho.
since they made umbrellas, raincoats and hand fans, useful items for any weather and the roads were always busy with customers.

The haiku poet Takarai Kikaku 宝井其角 and Hattori Ransetsu 服部嵐雪 also lived in the back quarters of てれふれ町足駄屋 a Geta shop in Terefure Cho.

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entrance to the Terefure district.


雁渡り 照降町自身番書役日誌 (てりふりちょう ) Terifuri-Cho
by 今井絵美子 Imai Emiko



And many more volumes with detective stories from Terifuri district in Edo.

. Hasegawa Heizô 長谷川平蔵 Hasegawwa Heizo .
Terifuri was a district where the famous police officer was active.


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. teri-furi ningyoo, terifuri 照り降り人形 "weather forecasting dolls" .


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Kobunachoo 小舟町 Kobunacho, Kobuna Cho district ("small boat")

The district had three sub-districts, 一丁目 till 三丁目.
At the time of the urban demarcations applied in 1603, this area was known as. Shimofunecho. However, in 1720, its name was changed to Kobunacho to distinguish it from 大舟町 Obunacho, which lay to the west.
(Ofunacho was eventually re-named to 本舟町 Hon-Funacho "the Real Funacho".)
It was a district with fishermen and shipping agents.
Traces of the old capital of Edo still linger in Kobuna-cho, Nihonbashi.
It was connected via the waterways to the bridges Edobashi and Nihonbashi.


小伝馬町→小舟町天王 Tenno Festival Float from Kobunacho - Kodenmacho
Around 1711 there was an epidemy in Kobunacho and they might have borowed the float from the Tenno Shrine for the festifal 天王おまつり.
It seems the festival float was carried around parts along Nihonbashi and Uogashi, where the fish mongers lived and sometimes called
sanjuri Tenno 十三里天王 Tenno of 30 ri distance
(1 里 RI is about 3.9 km).

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- quote -
Looking after the giant lantern dedicated to Sensoji Temple in Asakusa is one way of carrying on tradition. Sensoji Temple has a giant lantern at Kaminarimon Gate and at Hozomon Gate, but the giant lantern hung at Hozomon Gate dedicated by Nihonbashi Kobunacho has a longer history.
It is said that religious followers from around the waters by the fish market at Nihonbashi dedicated it in 1657 as a sign of their faith. By the way, the dedicating of the giant lantern at Kaminarimon Gate was started by the “god of management” Konosuke Matsushita; founder of the leading Japanese home appliance manufacturer Panasonic, and the company continues to look after it to this day.
The giant lantern is 3.9 meters in height. It is also 2.7 meters in circumference so it takes two fully-grown adults to encircle it hand-in-hand. A new one will be dedicated this year for the first time in eleven years. It will cost five to six million yen as Kyoto is the only place where a lantern this size can be made. It will be unveiled at a festival at Yakumo Shrine in September with help from the townspeople, companies, and those who have a fondness for Nihonbashi Kobunacho. It is then scheduled to be dedicated to Sensoji Temple on October 5.
...
Nihonbashi Kobunacho in the 1950’s, it was still quite reminiscent of the “bonito riverbank” during the Edo period. As its name suggests, the area was lined with dried bonito*1 wholesalers and in the daytime, you could see mats everywhere with bonito on them being dried under the sun. When aged bonito is scraped with a brush, you could see powder flying everywhere, spreading the smell of dried bonito.
Nihonbashi Kobunacho is where Zenjiro Yasuda, founder of one of Japan’s megabanks, Mizuho Financial Group, started his dried bonito wholesaling / money changing business.
There is a legend stating that he started it when he found a golden Ebisu (god of fishing and fortune) statue. The Kobunacho Branch of Mizuho Bank currently stands where Zenjiro set up his business and its staff helps us out every year during festivities such as a kagami-biraki ceremony in January. The placing of importance on connections with the area not only by its residence but also by companies based here is another fine tradition of Nihonbashi.
- source : nihombashi-tokyo.com/history - Teruyuki Hirano

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source : nihombashi.keizai.biz...

小舟町で「江戸の暮らしと日本橋未来絵図」展
Exhibition about the life in Edo and the future of Nihonbashi
as seen from Kobunacho



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Specialities of Kobunacho were
katsuobushi 鰹節 bonito flakes and dried salted fish.


東京日本橋の鰹節専門店にんべん Ninben Company



. Ninben にんべん, Takatsu Ihei 高津伊兵衛 (1679 - ) .


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Murata Harumi 村田春海 (1746 - 1812)
was born in Kobunacho.



He was the second son of a fish dealer in Kobunacho.
He was a scholar of 国学 Kokugaku (National Learning) and also a poet, disciple of Kamo no Mabuchi and Hattori Chuei, Udono Shinei and Minagawa Kien.
When his older brother died, he took over the family fish business and spent his money lavishly.
Eventually all his money was spent and the family business ruined.
He still used his knowledge of Kokugaku to work with Katō Chikage and Matsudaira Sadanobu.
His most important books:
Wagaku taigai 和学大概 Great study about Japanese literature
Gojūon bengo 五十音弁護 Study about 50 wrong readings


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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8/06/2017

Iidamachi district

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Iidamachi, Iida-machi 飯田町 Iidamachi district and Kudanzaka

This district got its name during the time of Tokugawa Ieyasu.
In 1590, when Ieyasu inspected the area around his new residence in Edo, he found that in this area there lived only 17 farming families.
The head of one of them was 飯田喜兵衛 Iida Kihei,
who served as guide for Ieyasu. Kihei knew all the details of the area and could answer to all the questions of Ieyasu, so he was made headman of the area, and Ieyasu gave it his name, Iida-machi.


Iidamachi was later part of the Shitamachi downtown districts for the townspeople. One hill above it was called
飯田町中坂 Iidamachi Nakazaka



There was also the slope Kudanzaka 九段坂 on the hillside, which was called 飯田坂Iidazaka before the settlement of the nine sub-slopes.

The river along its borders was 飯田川 Iidagawa, with a bridge called 俎橋 Manaitabashi (lit. Chopping Board Bridge). The Manaita area was a busy river port, with a lot of food landing here.
Many people working for the kitchen of the Shogun (賄方 makanaikata) lived here.
The district was even jokingly called 台所町 Daidokoro-cho, "Kitchen district".


千代田村があって14軒の中の1軒が飯田喜兵衛 Home of Iida Kihei in Chiyoda-mura village

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. Iidabashi 飯田橋 Iidabashi Bridge .



Iidabashi Station (飯田橋駅 Iidabashi-eki)
is a major interchange railway station which straddles Tokyo's Chiyoda, Shinjuku and Bunkyō wards. It was originally built as Iidamachi Station (albeit in a slightly different location), terminus of the then Kobu railway, precursor to today's Chūō Line.

Iidamachi Station (飯田町駅 Iidamachi-eki)
was a railway station on the Chūō Main Line located in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
Iidamachi Station was operated by Kōbu Railway, Japanese Government Railways, Japanese National Railways and Japan Freight Railway Company (JR Freight). Its location was 0.5 km from Suidōbashi Station and 0.4 km from Iidabashi Station.
The station was built in 1895 as the terminal of the Kōbu Railway, a predecessor of the present Chūō Main Line. It ceased to serve passengers in 1933, but continued to serve freight until 1997. - March 9, 1999 - Station officially closes.
After the closure, the site of the station was redeveloped and became a business district named I-Garden Air. One of the buildings in the area is the headquarters of JR Freight.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !





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Kudanzaka 九段坂 Kusansaka, Kudan slope


九段坂 - 牛ヶ淵 Kudanzaka Ushigabuchi
Utagawa, Hiroshige




東京名所 九段さかの灯籠 Kudanzaka Lighthouse (Kudanzaka tôrô)
広重、安藤徳兵エ Hiroshige III, Ando Tokobei

東京名所 Tokyo meisho
- source : mfa.org/collections -


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- quote
... luxury is said to have been prodigious when Tanuma Okitsugu was in power, but the commoners were still quite plainly dressed, as may be seen from the fact that among the inhabitants of Iidamachi Edo there was only a single person who possessed a haori (coat) and this gentleman was so afraid of gossip that he never put on the haori until out of sight of his neighbours.
----- The Economic Aspects of the History of the Civilization of Japan
By Yosaburō Takekoshi
- source : books.google.co.jp/books

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In the Nakazaka district lived the famous writer
. Takizawa Bakin 滝沢馬琴 / Kyokutei Bakin 曲亭馬琴 . (1767 - 1848)


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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7/26/2017

Matsugae district

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Matsugaechoo 松枝町 / 松ヶ枝町 Matsugae-Cho district

In 大奥 Ōoku, the Women's quarters of the Edo castle lived an Elder Lady named 松ヶ枝 Matsugae.
In 1705, when she retired, this district was given to her to live.



Nearby is the pond Otamagaike お玉ヶ池 and Otama Inari Shrine お玉稲荷. 
During the middle ages, this area was along the highway to Oshu, and there was a beautiful woman named Tama who served tea to travelers near the reservoir. 2 men proposed marriage to Tama, however she could not decide between them and drowned herself in the reservoir. It is said the village people dedicated the small shrine to Tama's spirit.
. Kanda Konyachō 神田紺屋町 Konya-Cho district .


source : saurus.coolpage.jp/Walking-Kanda...

Otama Inari Shrine お玉稲荷 

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. Medicine in Edo .

Itoo Genboku 伊藤玄朴 Ito Genboku
(1801 – 1871)



He was born in Saga prefecture in 神埼仁比山 Kanzaki Niiyama.
A doctor and surgeon who had studied with Siebold. He lived in Matsugae district.
He was the first to use a cowpox vaccine.




- quote -
Tomb of Ito Genboku
Ito Genboku was a physician of Dutch medicine at the end of the Edo Period. He was born into an agricultural family from what is now Saga Prefecture in 1800. Wishing to become a doctor, he translated from the Dutch language and studied Western medicine under the German physician Philipp Franz von Siebold in Nagasaki.
He began his practice in Edo (present day Tokyo) in 1828 and, in 1831, became an official physician of the Saga Domain. From 1833, he began to receive many students and visitors at his residence-cum-school known as the Shosen-do located on Shitaya Izumibashi Street.
The central focus of his endeavors came to be the foundation of the first inoculation center in Edo. Built in 1858 in Kanda Otamagaike, it was relocated the following year in Ito's neighborhood on Shitaya Izumibashi Street. In 1860, the Bakufu government took over direct control of the center, renamed it the Seiyo Igaku sho (Institute of Western Medicine), and appointed Genboku in charge of its management. After the transition from Tokugawa rule to the Meiji State in 1868, the institute served as the predecessor of what is now
the University of Tokyo School of Medical Science.


In 1871 Ito Genboku died at the age of 72 and was buried here at Tenryu-in Temple.
- source : taito-culture.jp/city... -


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Philipp Franz Balthasar von Siebold  フィリップ・フランツ・バルタザール・フォン・シーボルト
(1796 – 1866)
a German physician, botanist, and traveler. He achieved prominence by his studies of Japanese flora and fauna and the introduction of Western medicine in Japan. He was the father of the first female Japanese doctor, Kusumoto Ine.


- Arrival in Japan
On 28 June 1823, after only a few months in the Dutch East Indies, Siebold was posted as resident physician and scientist to Dejima, a small artificial island and trading post at Nagasaki, and arrived there on 11 August 1823. During an eventful voyage to Japan he only just escaped drowning during a typhoon in the East China Sea. As only a very small number of Dutch personnel were allowed to live on this island, the posts of physician and scientist had to be combined. Dejima had been in the possession of the Dutch East India Company (known as the VOC) since the 17th century, but the Company had gone bankrupt in 1798, after which a trading post was operated there by the Dutch state for political considerations, with notable benefits to the Japanese. ...
... In 1824, Siebold started a medical school in Nagasaki, the Narutaki-juku, that grew into a meeting place for around fifty students. They helped him in his botanical and naturalistic studies. The Dutch language became the lingua franca (common spoken language) for these academic and scholarly contacts for a generation, until the Meiji Restoration.
- Japanese family
During his stay in Japan, Siebold "lived together" with Kusumoto Taki (楠本滝), who gave birth to their daughter Kusumoto (O-)Ine in 1827. Siebold used to call his wife "Otakusa" (probably derived from O-Taki-san) and named a Hydrangea after her. Kusumoto Ine eventually became the first Japanese woman known to have received a physician's training and became a highly regarded practicing physician and court physician to the Empress in 1882. She died at court in 1903.
... Siebold Incident
In 1826 Siebold made the court journey to Edo. During this long trip he collected many plants and animals. But he also obtained from the court astronomer Takahashi Kageyasu several detailed maps of Japan and Korea (written by Inō Tadataka), an act strictly forbidden by the Japanese government. When the Japanese discovered, by accident, that Siebold had a map of the northern parts of Japan, the government accused him of high treason and of being a spy for Russia.
The Japanese placed Siebold under house arrest
and expelled him from Japan on 22 October 1829. Satisfied that his Japanese collaborators would continue his work, he journeyed back on the frigate Java to his former residence, Batavia, in possession of his enormous collection of thousands of animals and plants, his books and his maps. The botanical garden of Buitenzorg would soon house Siebold's surviving, living flora collection of 2,000 plants. ...
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !




- quote -
The Legend of Yoshitsune
Could Genghis Khan have actually been a Japanese samurai who went to Mongolia?

The first person who introduced this theory was a well known German Doctor, Philipp Franz Balthasar von Siebold (1796-1866), who was sent to Japan in 1823 by the Dutch government. He carried out research and established a Western style medical school in Edo period Japan while it was still under the rule of samurai.
In his seven volume series “Nippon,” he wrote about Yoshitsune and Genghis Khan. During the Meiji period (1868-1912) after the modernization of Japan, some intelligentsia discussed this theory. However it was Oyabe Zenichiro’s substantial bestseller of 1924, Genghis Khan wa Minamoto-no-Yoshitsune Nari [Genghis Khan was Yoshitsune] which made this theory known to the public.
- Harada Minoru -

. Genghis Khan (1162 - 1227) .

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. isha 医者, ishi 医師 doctors in Edo .

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .



oyako tanuki 親子狸 parent and child badger
o-tanuki san おたぬきさん the honorable Tanuki

Once a Tanuki badger family, who lived near the pond Otama-ga-ike お玉ヶ池, close to 東紺屋町 Eastern Konya-Cho.
The original story tells of a wooden sculpture which the 6th Shogun Tokugawa Ienobu 徳川家宣 (1662 - 1712) gave his retainer hatamoto of the 河原林家 Kawarabayashi clan. After the Meiji Restauration, the estate of the clan had to be removed, so the Tanuki statues were given to the shrine.
Praying here brings good luck in all kinds of contests 勝負事.

. Yanagimori jinja 柳森神社 and Tanuki legends .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -


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. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Kanda 神田 Kanda district .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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6/24/2017

Kanda Saeki Sakuma district

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .
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Kanda Saekichoo and Sakumachoo 
神田佐柄木町 Saekicho - 神田佐久間町 Sakumacho  


Kanda 神田 "field for the gods" :
The land was under the directive of Ise Jingu Shrine to grow rice for the Shrine offerings.
Kanda has a lot of sub-districts, see here:
. Kanda 神田 Kanda district .

Here are two sub-districts named after a person who lived there.

For 猿江 Sarue, see below.
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Kanda Saekichoo 神田佐柄木町 Kanda Saeki-cho, Kanda Saekicho

Saeki Yataroo 佐柄木弥太郎 Saeki Yataro
a togishi 研ぎ師 polisher of swords and blades, had his official estate and workshop here and the area was named after him.
Polishing and sharpening sword blades was very important in the times of Samurai. There were different ways to polish a sword, some were the secrets of a family of craftsmen.
Saeki the First had lived in Suruga (Shizuoka) and worked for Tokugawa Ieyasu. After moving to Edo Ieyasu called on Seaki the Second to live in Edo and polish the swords of the Shogun.





. Renjakuchoo, Kanda renjaku machi 神田連雀町 Renjaku-Cho district .

A Kabuki play 矢の根 Ya-no-Ne, Yanone
with the appearance of polishing master Saeki Yataro
『扇恵方曽我 (すえひろえほうそが)』の一幕として上演され、幕府御用の砥物師(とぎものし)togimonoshi 佐柄木弥太郎家

. kenma 研磨 sword polishing - Introduction .



source : ingressmosaik.com/mission

"Until the Kanei peroid (around 1623) adjoining Saeki-Cho and Kiji-Cho was the residence of Lord Hori Tango no Kami. To abbreviate "in front of the residence of the Lord of Tango", people would say "Tanzen".
In this area there were many bathhouses, and also beautiful female bath attendants, and a lot of carousing young men and the like who were learning kabuki in the "Tanzen style".
source : google books - Marcia Yonemoto



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Kanda Sakumachoo 神田 佐久間町 Kanda Sakumacho district 

Sakuma Heihachi 佐久間平八
A zaimoku 材木 timber, lumber merchant, who moved here in 1744 from the Honzaimokucho lumber district.
Soon there settled many lumber merchants and the district was even called
Kanda Zaimoku-Cho 神田材木町 Lumber district of Kanda


The district has four sub-districts along the Kanda river.
There were often huge fires in this district, and people even called it (with a sad pun in mind)
Akuma Cho 悪魔町 - アクマ町 "the Devil"s district".
The storing place for timber and lumber was therefore moved from Sakumacho to 深川猟師町 Fukagawa Ryoshi-cho, and then on to 猿江 Sarue and on to 木場 Kiba.




. Edo, Kiba Lumberyards and Carpenters .
- 本材木町 Honzaimokucho, Honzaimoku-cho lumber district
- The Lumber Industry in Early Modern Japan

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江戸神田佐久間町の大火 Great fire in Sakumacho 1829


source : lib.iii.u-tokyo.ac.jp/ono_collection

- Text:
神田さくま町かしより出火折しも西北の風はけしく土手下へ飛火御もミくら近辺町家平一めんと成る塩とめニて焼止る其節人々東西にまよひ親にわかれ子にはなれけむりにとりまかれ人々多く死す誠ニあわれの事とも也右之画図見るにつけても火の用心可被成候御屋敷町家ヲよこたてを諸々つもり凡七十二里■■([虫喰])もなるべし蔵のかず凡千百五十戸まいの余凡はし■■([虫喰])大はし小はしとも二百余おちる.

The strong North-West-Wind on April 24 fanned the fire and more than 2800 people lost their lives.
More than 370000 homes were lost.

In March 1834 another fire, the 甲午火事 Kogo fire started in Sakuma, and more than 4000 people lost their lives.



source : bo-sai.co.jp/kantodaisinsaikiseki


防火守護の地 Bosai Shugo no Chi
A memorial stone for all the brave people who protect the city form fires.
In the 和泉公園 Izumi park.


. taika 江戸の大火 Edo no Taika "Great Fires of Edo" .

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Sakuma Tenmondai 佐久間天文台 Sakuma observatory
Sakuma no Sokuryoosho 佐久間町の測量所 Sokuryosho surveying office

神田佐久間町2丁目


source : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/scganishii

It was set up on order of Shogun Yoshimune in 1746 and used for 13 years. The place had been used as an empty space to prevent the spreading of fires.
The building was placed on an artificial hill.

. tenmondai 天文台 Edo observatories .


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Kanda-Sakumachō (神田佐久間町)
This district is located on the northeastern part on Chiyoda Ward. Kanda-Sakumachō 1-chōme borders Kanda-Hanaokachō and Kanda-Matsunagachō, and the district's 2 - to 4-chōme border Kanda-Izumichō on the north. The district borders Asakusabashi, Taitō, and Higashi-Kanda, Chiyoda on the east. The district's 1-chōme borders (across Kanda River) Kanda-Sudachō and Kanda-Iwamotochō, and its 2- to 4-chōme border Kanda-Sakumagashi on the south. The district borders Soto-Kanda on the west. Kanda-Hirakawachō is located between Kanda-Sakumachō 1-chōme and 2-chōme.

Sakumagashi (佐久間河岸), officially Kanda-Sakumagashi (神田佐久間河岸)
This district is located on the northeastern part of Chiyoda Ward. It borders Kanda-Sakumachō on the north, (across Mikura Bridge) Higashi-Kanda 3-chōme on the east, (across Kanda River) Iwamotochō 3-chōme and Higashi-Kanda 2-chōme on the south, and (across Izumi Bridge of Shōwa-dōri Avenue) Kanda-Sakumachō 1-chōme on the west.
source : wikipedia



source : bo-sai.co.jp/kantodaisinsaikiseki


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Saruechoo 猿江町 Sarue Cho - "Monkey Inlay"
深川猿江町 Fukagawa Sarue Cho since 1934


亀戸村 Kameido became 猿江裏町 Sarue Uramachi
猿江村 Sarue Mura became 猿江町、猿江裏町
深川猿江裏町 - since 1934 : 猿江町1・2
深川上大島町 - since 1934 : 猿江町2
深川本村町 ^ since 1934 : 猿江町2



In the beginning of the Edo period this was a wetland with all kinds of reeds and used for hunting with hawks.
Around 1610, on orders of Tokugawa Ieyasu, a canal was constructed here as 小名木川 Onagigawa to ship the salt from Chiba to Edo.

The Onagigawa cuts a wide path through the marshy lowlands to the east of Edo. There are many explanations for how the canal got its name. The characters O - NA - GI ("small", "name", "tree") do not make much sense unless they were a person's name -- perhaps this was the name of the person who oversaw construction of the canal. Another likely explanation is that the name was originally Unagi-gawa (eel river). The river is, in fact, filled with eels, and many unagi fishermen can be seen along the river, fishing for these delicacies. Perhaps the pronunciation changed over time, and people forgot the original source of the name.
. 小名木川 and 行徳 Gyotoku salt fields .

The North side of this canal was soon developed into fields and living quarters and called Sarue.

The SARU of this name does not refere to the monkey, though.
Around 1060, when Minamoto no Yoshiie during his war with the Northern Territories passed here, his vassal, 猿藤太 Mashira no Tota, died and his body, clad in full armor, was left in the inlay e 江. His name includes the Chinese character used for monkey, saru 猿.
Later the farmers erected a shrine to appease his soul and venerated him as a deity.



Sarue Jinja 猿江神社 / Sarue Inari 猿江稲荷
江東区猿江2-2-17 / 2 Chome-2-17 Sarue, Kōtō ward

The deities in residence in this shrine are
天照大御神 Amaterasu Omikami, 宇迦之御魂命 Uka no Mitama no Mikoto and 猿藤太 Mashira no Tota,


ema 絵馬 votive tablet
- source and more photos : Peter Sidell -

. Minamoto no Yoshiie Hachimantaro 源八幡太郎義家 / 源義家 .

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猿江泉養寺 Sarue - Temple Senyo-Ji



All kinds of white and red lotus flowers grew in the pond of the temple and many people came to visit.


猿江 摩利支天祠 Sarue - Marishiten Shrine



- source and more photos of the modern area :
- source : symphonic-net edo meisho zue -

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The Edo estate of the 九鬼家 Kuki family of the 丹波綾部 Tanba Ayabe domain was in Sarue.
In their park was an old pine, the famous
小名木川五本松 Onagigawa Gohon Matsu


Edo Meisho Zue



広重 Utagawa Hiroshige - Five Pines at the Onagi canal

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猿江恩賜公園 Sarue Onshi Park



- quote -
... Formerly a timberyard during the Edo Period, it opened as a park in 1932 and since been cherished by residents and visitors from inside and outside of Tokyo. It is a microcosm of Japanese society, the old (neatly carved out gardens and jarimichi, gravel paths) and the new (tennis courts and food trucks with African cuisine.
- source : Daniel Penso -


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:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Persons and People of Edo - Personen .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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