Motosukiya district Sukiyabashi Chuo

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

Motosukiyachoo Moto-Sukiya cho 元数奇屋町 Moto-Sukiya district, Chuo ward
Chuo ward 中央区 銀座 五丁目 Ginza 5th district
"Former Sukiya district" - 元数寄屋町 (奇 different Chinese character)

sukiya 数奇屋 originally means "tea ceremony room", see below.

The original bridge 数奇屋橋 Sukiyabashi of the Edo period is now lost. At the Sotobori outer moat of Edo castle there was a gate called

Sukiyabashi gomon 数寄屋橋御門 Sukiyabashi Gate.

The bridge had been built in 1629 and in the following year the gate was finished.
The area South-east of the gate was called 元数奇屋町 Moto-Sukiya district.
Since 1625, homes of the townspeople were built in this district, from the first to the fourth sub-district.

The name of the area refers to the living quarters of many sukiya boozu 数奇屋坊主 Sukiya Bozu "monk tea masters".
There were about 50 of them, serving tea in Edo castle and placed under the jurisdiction of the Bakufu Government Wakadoshiyori 若年寄 junior counselor.
The Chabozu served the Shogun and his harem, and also the many Daimyo lords. Some had a great influence over their master and there are Kabuki plays about them.

The most famous was
. Oda Urakusai Nagamasu 織田有楽斎長益 . (1547 - 1621)
The district Yūrakuchō 有楽町 Yurakucho is named after him.
He was the younger brother of Oda Nobunaga. Nagamasu built his mansion here on land near the Sukiya-bashi Gate of Edo Castle granted by Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Around 1700 there was a fire and all burned down. Later kimono dealers settled here from the district near 呉服橋 Gofukubashi bridge, so the area was re-named

Now there is also the
Sukiyabashi Kooen 数寄屋橋公園 Sukiyabashi Park, in the area called Yurakucho.

In 1878, the district belonged to 京橋区 Kyobashi ward. Now Chuo ward.


Sukiyabashi Bridge / Sukiya Bridge
平塚運一 Hiratsuka Unichi (1895-1997),


数寄屋橋公園 Sukiyabashi Park
Tokyo, Chūō, Ginza, 五丁目一番一号 / 5-1 Ginza

with an art clock statue memorial by 岡本太郎 Okamoto Taro.
1966, small version of his 太陽の塔 Taiyo no To statue.
. 岡本太郎 Okamoto Taro (1911 - 1996) .

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May 18, 2016
Twenty Friendship-Blossoms dogwood trees will be planted in Sukiyabashi Park, Tokyo.
The park is located at the entrance of Ginza, a thriving, well-visited international center for tourism and commerce.
The planting represents foreign exchange and commercial ties between the United States and Japan.
- source : bridgingfoundation.org... -


Tōto sukiyagashi 東都数奇屋河岸 Sukiyagashi Riverbank in the Eastern Capital
Ando Hiroshige : Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji

Wonderful Edo scene in wintertime.
The rooftops of small houses, a fisherman's canal and Fuji rising in the distance all covered in a fresh winter snow.
source : www.fujiarts.com/cgi-bin...


数寄屋河岸の夕景 Evening at the Sukiyagashi Riverbank
Ehon Edo Miyage 絵本江戸土産 Picture book of the souvenirs of Edo
広重 Hiroshige


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This photo was taken at Shirobe landing around 1870. It shows four of the large wagons known as daihachiguruma. The waterway in the background is the Imperial Palace (formerly Edo Castle) moat, around the Sukiyabashi area.
Behind the house is a boat, and since this spot was a landing point, cargo had probably been transferred
from the boat to the wagons.
- source : web-japan.org/tokyo/know... -


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sukiya 数寄屋
A tea ceremony room *chashitsu 茶室, distinguish from a genuine tea ceremony house, and points to buildings in the tea house style, or buildings in sukiya style *sukiya-zukuri 数奇屋造, or include both, and call them sukiya. However, the distinctions are not clear.
Historically, sukiya zashiki 数寄屋座敷, in BUNRUI SOUJINBOKU 分類草人木 (1564), could be seen as an early example. A tea ceremony room was usually called *zashiki 座敷 or referred to by the number of its mats. Heinouchi Yoshimasa 平内吉政 and his son Masanobu 政信 (?-1645) famous carpenters in the Edo period state in their secret book *SHOUMEI 匠明 (1608), that calling a tea ceremony room a sukiya began around the time when the mansion Jurakudai 聚楽第 was being built for Toyotomi Hideyoshi 豊臣秀吉 (1536-98) in 1587.
The use of the word sukiya is thought to have originated by Soueki 宗易 (Soeki, Sen Rikyuu 千利休; 1522-91) in Sakai 堺.
Nevertheless, it is certain that the name sukiya was used by Sen Rikyuu in place of zashiki or *kozashiki 小座敷 (small room), or enclosure *kakoi 囲, within a large room.
During Keichou 慶長 era (1596-1615), the use of the term sukiya became popular. Especially, used at Furuta Oribe 古田織部 (1544-1615) and Kobori Enshuu's 小堀遠州 (1579-1647) tea ceremony, it seems it was a custom to call a small room a sukiya in contrast to larger rooms *shoin 書院 or *kusari-no-ma 鎖の間. The Sen Family, Senke 千家 was critical of this trend, and Rikyuu's great grandson Koushin Sousa 江岑宗左 (1613-72) stated that ;
To call a tea ceremony room sukiya is offensive to hear, so it should be called kozashiki, as in the past. We avoid saying sukiya.
Thus, around this time, an effort was made to distinguish kakoi from sukiya. The CHAFU 茶譜 says ;
The word sukiya was not used in the Rikyuu style, and the tea room was called kozashiki. Kozashiki is a separate building that guests enter through a small door, kuguri くぐり from the tea garden *roji 露地. An enclosure kakoi means an enclosure that has sliding paper doors *fusuma 襖, which were placed in a shoin room to enclose a special area for fixing tea.
This was accomplished by using partitions. There was an alcove, a small entrance, a middle post, a push up window, a back door way *katteguchi 勝手口 and owner's entrance *kayoiguchi 通い口. Further, the CHAFU states that sukiya and kozashiki were built independently in tea gardens.
Examples: Nishihonganji Kuroshoin 西本願寺黒書院 (late 16c), Manshuin Koshoin 曼珠院小書院 (mid-17c), all tea houses at Katsura Rikyuu 桂離宮 (mid-17c), all in Kyoto.
- source : JAANUS


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. Chūō ku 中央区 Chuo Ku "Central Ward" .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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