10/10/2018

Kita ward, Asukayama

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Kita ku 北区 Kita ward, "Northern Ward"



- quote -
The ward was founded on March 15, 1947.
- The name Kita, meaning "north," reflects the location among the wards of Tokyo. To its North lie the cities of Kawaguchi and Toda in Saitama Prefecture. To the east, south and west lie other special wards: Adachi, Arakawa, Itabashi, Bunkyō, and Toshima.
- History
The area was a collection of rural villages and towns until the 1880s, when it was connected by rail to central Tokyo (Oji Station opening in 1883). Parts of the area joined Tokyo City in 1932 as the Oji and Takinogawa wards. Kita was officially formed in 1947 by the merger of these wards.
Four rivers run through Kita:
荒川 Arakawa River
隅田川 Sumida River
石神井川(音無川) Shakujii River
新河岸川 Shingashi River


Asukayama Park (飛鳥山公園 Asukayama Kōen)
is a public park in Kita,
- History
In the early eighteenth century, shogun Tokugawa Yoshimune planted many cherry trees in the area and opened up the land for the enjoyment of the "Edokko" or citizens of Tokyo. The park was formally established, alongside Ueno Park, Shiba Park, Asakusa Park, and Fukagawa Park, in 1873 by the Dajō-kan, as Japan's first public parks.
In 1998, three museums were opened inside the park, designed by AXS Satow: the Kita City Asukayama Museum (北区飛鳥山博物館), the Shibusawa Memorial Museum (渋沢史料館), and the Paper Museum (紙の博物館).


A woodblock print showing Emperor Meiji at Asukayama Park

..... A small inclined monorail called the Asukayama Park Monorail (飛鳥山公園モノレール) is provided on the north side of the park to provide access free-of-charge to the park for the mobility-impaired.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. Akabane 赤羽 Akabane district .
. Juujoo, Jūjō 十条 Jujo district .
. Ooji, Ōji 王子 Oji district .
. Tabata 田端 Tabata district .
. Takinogawa 滝野川地区 Takinogawa district .


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Ando Hiroshige 安藤広重

. Ooji Jinja 王子神社 Oji Shrine .
and Ooji Inari Jinja 王子稲荷神社 Oji Inari Fox Shrine
1-12-26, Kishi-Machi,Kita-Ku,Tokyo // 東京都北区岸町
- with some kitsunebi 狐火 fox fire legends

. 0oji Fudoo no Taki 王子不動之滝 Fudo Waterfall in Oji .
temple 正受院 Shoju-In - 北区滝野川2-49-5 Kita-ku, Takinogawa


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Asukayama 飛鳥山

- quote
飛鳥山 Asukayama (Mt. Asuka)
... Commoners also came, providing they had the time and wherewithal to make a day trip. You see, walking to Asukayama wasn’t easy – even for the rich. This small “mountain” was located outside of Edo in an area known as 武蔵国豊嶋郡王子村 Musashi no Kuni - Toshima-gun 豊嶋郡 Toshima District, , Ōji Mura 王子村 Ōji Village, Musashi Province. Today this area isn’t part of 豊島区 Toshima-ku Toshima Ward, but rather a part of Tōkyō’s 北区 Kita-ku Kita Ward on the northernmost border of 東京都 Tōkyō-to Tōkyō Metropolis and 埼玉県 Saitama-ken Saitama Prefecture.
The village of Ōji
wasn’t a shukuba machi 宿場町 post town, but by the middle of the Edo Period, it was fully prepared to accommodate as many hanami-goers as possible. Elegant teahouses in this rustic area catered to samurai and merchants, but there were also more modest accommodations available for wealthy farmers who might also have made the long journey out here. Presumably, drinking, whoring were rampant.

阿須賀 Asuka
飛鳥 asuka, flying bird

I provided two spelling variants because the first version is used in religious contexts, but the second is used in maps and local histories. Just as spoken language has dialectal differences, kanji use seems to have been localized as well – especially in the untamed eastern provinces. That said, we know there was a 山城 yamajiro hilltop fortress controlled by the 豊嶋氏 Toshima-shi Toshima clan. The fortification at the top of this ovoid plateau was called 飛鳥山城 Asukayama-jō Asukayama Castle. This is reflected the area’s larger administrative name until recently, which was the Toshima District.
The branch of the Toshima clan
that moved to this eastern area, originated in modern 和歌山県 Wakayama-ken Wakayama Prefecture. The area we’re going to be referring to is located in the 紀伊半島 Kii Hantō Kii Peninsula. This is the same area where you can find the 熊野古道 Kumano Kodō Kumano Pilgrimages, a series of ancient roads connecting various religious sites in the Kii Peninsula that date back to at least the 900’s. A specific shrine, associated with the Toshima clan was the 33rd station along the course called the 熊野曼荼羅 Kumano Mandara – this shrine was Asuka Jinja 阿須賀神社 Asuka Shrine.
Open their arrival in the Kantō Chiho 関東地方 Kantō Area,
the Toshima used a process called 分霊 bunrei to split the 神 kami deity of Asuka Shrine in Wakayama and transport it to Ōji Jinja 王子神社 Ōji Shrine as the tutelary kami of their fort on the hill. Ōji Shrine was to serve as their tutelary kami. The difference between the kanji for “Asuka” are quite different, but there doesn’t seem to be any difference etymologically. Maybe the new variant was easier for locals to read – although to me, the original spelling is much clearer.
A Strong Connection to Kii Domain
... the Toshima clan originated in modern day Wakayama Prefecture. From ancient times until the end of the Edo Period, much of that area was called Kii no Kuni 紀伊国 Kii Province, and in fact one of the most important Tokugawa fiefs was in Kii Province, Kii Han 紀伊藩 Kii Domain. The Kii Tokugawa-ke 紀伊徳川家 Kii Tokugawa Family were part of the go-sanke 御三家 the Three Great Families – branch families sired by Tokugawa Ieyasu that were expected to produce a shogun, should the main line fail to produce a capable male successor. The other two families were the Owari Tokugawa-ke 尾張徳川家 Owari Tokugawa Family and the Mito Tokugawa-ke 水戸徳川家 Mito Tokugawa Family.
- source : marky star has more

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歌川広景 Utagawa Hiroshige








Asukayama Bosetsu 飛鳥山暮雪 Asukayama in Snow

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

花曇り都の隅の飛鳥山
hanagumori miyako so sumi no Asukayama

blossom haze -
in a corner of the capital
is Asukayama

Tr. Gabi Greve

. Masaoka Shiki 正岡子規 .

. WKD : hanagumori 花曇 blossom haze .
- - kigo for spring - -


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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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- - - - - #asukayama #asukapark #kita #kitaku #kitaward - - - -
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