Koraku Nishikata Suido districts Bunkyo

. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

Kooraku, Kōraku 後楽 Koraku district
Bunkyo, 後楽 一丁目 - 二丁目 first and second sub-district
. Koishikawa 小石川 Koishikawa area .

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Koishikawa (小石川) is a locality within Bunkyo, Tokyo.
It is located nearby with the same name are two well regarded gardens:
the Koishikawa Botanical Garden (related to Tokyo University) in Hakusan, and
the Koishikawa Korakuen Garden in Koraku. 小石川後楽園
Koishikawa Garden
The construction was started in 1629 by Tokugawa Yorifusa, the daimyo (feudal lord) of Mito domain, and was completed by his successor, Tokugawa Mitsukuni.
Mitsukuni named this garden "Kōraku-en"
(Kōraku means "enjoying afterwards") after a Chinese teaching of
"a governor should worry before people and enjoy after people".
The garden shows strong Chinese character in its design, as it was influenced by the West Lake of Hangzhou.
It is one of three surviving Daimyō gardens of the many that were created in Edo after it became the military capital of the country, the others being the Rikugi-en and the Hama Rikyū gardens.
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小石川後楽園 Koishikawa Koraku-En Park


Nishikata 西片 Nishikata district
Bunkyo, 西片 一丁目 - 二丁目 first and second sub-district

Literally this means 西側の片町 half of a village on the West-side.
It was on the West side of the 本郷通り Hongo-Dori (the old 中山道 Nakasendo Highway).
There were many Daimyo and Samurai residences during the Edo period.
In 1872, the lord of the 福山藩 Fukuyama domain, 阿部 Abe san, had his estate here and made it open to the public on the West side.
On the East side were farmers and it was known as
Komagome Higashikata machi 駒込東片町 "half of the village on the East side in Komagome.

Now it is close to the 東京大学 Tokyo University and many scholars and 文化人 men of culture live here.
During the Meiji period, 樋口一葉 Higuchi Ichiyo and 夏目漱石 Natsume Soseki lived here.
This area was spared destruction during the Great Tokyo Earthquake in 1923, so it still has the atmosphere of the Meiji period.


. suidō 水道 - the many waterways and canals of Edo .

Suidoo, Suidō 水道 Suido district
Bunkyo, 水道 一丁目 - 二丁目 first and second sub-district

The name dates back to the time of Tokugawa Ieyasu who had a waterway built here.
It is known as the 神田上水 Kanda Josui.
In old maps of the Edo period, the following names are known
金杉水道町 Kanasugi Suidocho, 小日向水道町 Kohinata Suidochi and 関口水道町 Sekiguchi Suidocho.

In 1964, they were united with the name
- 水道町 Suidocho, Suidomachi.

. Kanda jōsui 神田上水 Kanda Josui waterway .


There is another 水道町 Suidocho in 新宿区 Shinjuku ward
No sub-districts.

In 1911, the town 牛込水道町 Ushigome Suidocho was renamed to Suidocho.

Also related to the 神田上水 Kanda Josui.


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. Bunkyoo, Bunkyō 文京区 Bunkyo ward, "Literature Capital" .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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1 comment:

Gabi Greve said...

Legend about Sekiguchi
hikigaeru ひきがへる toad
At a place named 関口 Sekiguchi in Edo there was 水神の社 a Shrine for Suijin the Water Deity. Along the river in front of the Shrine there grew a lot of makomo まこも草 wild rice .
Once 弓職人 a craftsman making bows named Yahei 弥兵衛 passed there when he saw some large shining eyes, about as larte as one seating mat. This was a huge toad.
He was so afraid he run home and stayed in bed for seven days.