12/05/2019

Kanamachi Niijuku Katsushika

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Kanamachi (かなまち) 金町
Katsushika ward, 南葛飾郡金町 Minami-Katsushika
and the sub-districts Higashi-Kanamachi, Kanamachi jōsuijō, Niijuku and Tōganemachi (Toganemachi)



Kanamachi was formerly called 金町郷 Kanamachi Go.
It thrived as part of the 下総国香取神宮領 Katori Jingu Shrine of Shimofusa, Chiba.

Later renamed to 金町村 Kanamachi mura village.
In 1399 in the records of 葛西御厨注文 and in 1559 in the records of 小田原衆所領役帳 the name is already mentioned.
In the record 三浦和田文書 the place is also mentioned as 下総国金町郷.

In the middle ages, the Shinto Shrine 葛西神社(かさいじんじゃ) Kasai Jinja (later 香取神宮 Katori Jingu) became an important place in the area.

In the Edo period, it became a postal station of the Mito Kaido Highway and a sekisho 関所 barrier station at the river crossing:
金町松戸御関所 Kanamachi Matsudo Gosekisho,

located at 葛飾区東金町8-23 Higashi-Kanamachi.

During the Edo period, Niijuku became the second postal station of the
. Mito Kaido 水戸街道 Mito Highway .
Nii juku (新宿 / にいじゅく) Niijuku in Katsushika, (not to mix with Shinjuku 新宿)
Matsudo 松戸 is the third postal station along the 水戸街道 Mito Kaido highway,
on the Chiba side of the river 利根川 Tonegawa.

For protection purposes of the barrier they needed hooks and other tools for the carpenters made form metal (金 kana).
One tool was the kanejaku 曲尺 (カネジャク) curved ruler.
The area of the craftsmen was first called Magarikane 曲金(マガリカネ)"bent metal".
Kanemachi 金町 could also be written 曲町(カナマチ).


. Katori shrine 香取神宮 and Kashima Shrine 鹿島神宮 .

Kasai Rinkai Park

. Kasaibashi 葛西橋 Kasai Bridge .

- quote -
Kasai
During the Edo period,
various flowers blooming throughout the year were planted in gardens or on footpaths between rice fields in the area surrounding Kasai.
These flowers seem to have been sold at markets in Edo.
- source : Tokyo Metropolitan Museum -

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Kanamachi Railway Station 金町駅
opened on 27 December 1897.

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半田稲荷神社 Shrine Handa Inari Jinja
東金町4-28-22 Higashi-Kanamachi.



The Shrine was used by the 尾張徳川家 Owari Tokugawa clan.

Some records claim it was first built in 711.
In the Mid-Edo period, it became known as a place to pray for protection from diseases, especially hashika 麻疹 measles and easy birth.
The Shrine was also mentioned in Kabuki theater and Kyogen stories.
Around 1780, there was a popular song by priest 願人坊主 Gannin Bozu:
葛西金町半田の稲荷、疱瘡も軽い麻疹も軽い...

. Handa Inari Shrine Festivals .


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. Katsushika ku 葛飾区 Katsushika ward .

. kaidoo 街道と伝説 Legends about the old Kaido highways .

. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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