Miyake Izu Oshima

. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

Miyake Mura 三宅村 Miyake village, Izu Oshima
Izu shotō 伊豆諸島 Izu Islands / 三宅島 Miyake Island

1 釜の尻バス停
2 火の山峠
3 ひょうたん山
4 三池浜園地
5 三池港
6 都道
7 旧阿古小中学校
8 島しょ保健所三宅出張所

A 三宅支庁舎
B 三宅村文化会館
C 大路池周廻遊歩道
D 阿古漁港船客待合所
E 火山体験遊歩道
   -source : Tokyo Government Miyake divistion -

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Miyake (三宅村, Miyake-mura)
is a village located in Miyake Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis.
Miyake Village covers the island of Miyakejima, in the Izu archipelago in the Philippine Sea and the nearby uninhabited Ōnohara Islands, 180 kilometres (110 mi) south of central Tokyo.
- - - - - History
It is uncertain when human settlement first began on Miyakejima, but the island was known to be inhabited since at least in the early Nara period, and is mentioned in historical records for its many volcanic eruptions.
The island was used as a penal colony during the Edo period.
After the start of the Meiji period, in 1878, the island came under the control of Tokyo-fu and was organized into five villages (Izu, Kamitsuki, Igaya, Ako and Tsubota) under Oshima subprefecture on October 1, 1923.
Miyake subprefecture was created out of Oshima subprefecture on April 1, 1943.
On August 31, 1945, during the Allies' occupation of Tokyo, ground gunners on Miyake-jima fired three shots at an American transport aircraft, with no casualties. These were to be amongst the last shots fired in the war.
The three villages of Izu, Kamitsuki and Igaya merged on October 1, 1946, to form the village of Miyake, which was joined by Abo and Tsubota on February 1, 1956. The village was evacuated in the year 2000 due to volcanic eruptions, and the inhabitants were only allowed to return from 2005.
- source : wikipedia

Izu Oshima, an island of Japan, is famous for its cultivation of camellia
. Camellia Festival, Tsubaki Matsuri .

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Izu - View of Ōshima Habu-minato harbor 大島波浮湊
Ōshima Island is the largest of the Seven Islands of Izu.
This picture shows Habu-minato village located to the southeast of Ōshima Island
and the scenery of the habor which was praised as a fine port is well conveyed.
. source : Tokyo Metropolitan Museum .

. quote .
View of fishing at Chigasaki 千賀崎遊竿の図
Chigasaki is a cape located in the northernmost tip of Ōshima Island.
The tide flows fast in the sea under the cape and it was a good place for fishing.
. source : Tokyo Metropolitan Museum .

Complete Illustrated Map of Toshima Island 利島全図
Toshima Island is a conical island located between Ōshima Island and Niijima Island.
The inhabitants of Toshima Island engage more in agriculture than in fishing,
something which is rare among the Seven Islands of Izu
and the products of island include camellia oil, firewood and dried fish.
. source . Tokyo Metropolitan Database .

Koozushima 神津島全図 Kozushima map
Kōzushima Island is located to the south of 式根島 Shikinejima Island.
It is said that the god who created the Izu Islands used Kōzushima Island
as a meeting point with other gods and for this reason,
the island's name was also spelt with a different set of Chinese characters
for 神集島 "god", "gather" and "island".
Kōzushima Island is blessed with fine harbors, and the island's fishing industry prospered from ancient times.
Bonito fishing prospered in the Seven Islands of Izu and
in order to preserve the freshness of caught bonito fish,
the fish were unloaded at Kōzushima Island and then processed to make dried bonito.
Bonito fishing held such an importance that a sacred event
known as "bonito catching" was held in a shrine on the island.
It is said that gods gathered at 天上山 Mt. Tenjō which is located in the center of Kōzushima Island
and is the tallest mountain on the island.
Located to the south of the mountain is the Kushigamine peak,
which provides a complete view of the Seven Islands of Izu.

Kōzushima Island: A Boggy Bank 神津島沼の入江の図
This seems to depict 千両池 Senryō-Ike pond, north of the present-day Kōzushima Island Port.
Senryō Pond refers to a small inlet located in a gourd-shaped pond under the lighthouse.
It is said that in the times past, the area was a place where a great number of
千両船(北前船) Senryōbune (coasting vessels of the Edo period that transported goods
from northeast Japan to Ōsaka) were pulled in and it was so named.
. source . Tokyo Metropolitan Database .

Miyakejima Island: Sanbon-dake peak 三宅島三本岳の図
Sanbon-dake is a group of reefs located off the west-southwest shore of Miyakejima Island.
The official name for the reef is 大野原島 Ōnohara Island, but it is commonly called 三本嶽 Sanbon-dake peak.
The name comes from three lava necks which are seen steeply rising
when looking from Miyakejima Island (Sanbon-dake means "three peaks").
. source . Tokyo Metropolitan Database .

Hachijōjima Island: Nishiyama 八丈島西山の図
Hachijōjima Island has two mountains-Mt. Higashi 東山 (Mountain in the East), which has a complex shape,
and Mt. Nishi (Mountain in the West), which is shaped like Mt. Fuji.
Mt. Nishi, also known as 八丈富士 Hachijō-Fuji, is the tallest mountain among the Izu Islands.
An incident of an eruption in 1605, which caused great damage
to village on the foot of the mountain, is kept in a remaining record.
. source . Tokyo Metropolitan Database .

Hachijōjima Aigae-minato harbor 八丈島藍ヶ江湊の図
Aigae-minato harbor 藍ヶ江, of which the name refers to how the water within the bay
is a shade of blue that resembles indigo dye ("ai" means "indigo"),
is known as a place with scenic beauty in the island.
Furthermore, as it is a village benefiting from a rich supply of water in Hachijōjima Island,
it had many rice fields and was also an area with large rice crop.
. source . Tokyo Metropolitan Database .

Hachijō-kojima Island 八丈島小島の図
The small island lying in the west of Hajijōjima Island is the Hachijō-kojima Island.
In the Edo period, two villages called 鳥打 Toriuchi and 宇津木 Utsuki were located there.
On this island, until the villages of Toriuchi and Utsuki were set up in 1947,
the feudal system of 名主 Nanushi (the nominal holder in charge of rice field lots) had been kept.
. source . Tokyo Metropolitan Database .

Hachijōjima Island: Fish 八丈島魚の図
This picture depicts perch, abalone, striped sea bream and other seafood caught near the island.
. source . Tokyo Metropolitan Database .


. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .

................................................................................. Tokyo 東京都
三宅島 Miyakejima 三宅村 Miyake village

hana no takai hito 鼻の高い人 a man with a long nose
Once a man went hunting but did not come back.
The villagers found him about a week later.
He said:
"There was a man with a large nose sitting in a tree.
I sat under the tree and we ate red dumplings."


uma no kubi 馬の首 the head of a horse
Once a horse fell in love with a young woman and wanted her as his bride.
The mother of the girl said: "First you must grow a horn on your head"!
So the horse had a horn grow and then used it to kill the girl.
The horn of this horse is still in the home of the family.
They say on the 24th of January it flies around the village.


- reference : nichibun yokai database -
63 三宅島 (02)
59 三宅村 collecting

. Edo, Tokyo 江戸 - 東京 - 伝説 Legends Index .


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. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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