. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
Bakurochoo, Bakuro-chō 馬喰町 Bakurocho
日本橋 Nihonbashi Bakurocho

This is quite an old district of Edo.
The head horse dealers 高木源兵衛 Takagi Genbei (Takagi Genbe'e)and 富田半七 Tomita Hanshichi lived there since about 1580. They also traded in cattle.

BAKURO refers to a place for horse riding and horse trading (馬市). It soon became known as a district of inns (hatago 旅籠) where people prepared for their trips out of Edo, buying supplies and gifts of all kinds. From here the Road to Oshu(奥州 街道 Oshu Kaido ) started.
(In the busiest times there were about 40 Hatago inns.)
Therefore there are many wholesale stores in the district, which had four sections.
Section 4 馬喰町四 leads over to Asakusabashi Bridge.
There were also special kujiyado 公事宿 (accomodations for people who came to Edo for trials of lawsuits)
- see below.

Bakurocho was the area where Tokugawa Ieyasu kept a few hundred horsed to prepare for
Sekigahara 関ヶ原出陣 the Battle of Sekigahara.
bakuro 馬工郎 is the old name for the horse owners and traders, who came to live there.
In the nearby districts of 大伝馬町 Odenmacho and 小伝馬町 Kodenmacho there lived more
umakata 馬方 "horse men" in the service of the Bakufu.

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馬喰町馬場 - - Bakuro-chō (馬喰町), which in ancient times was written as 博労町, was the site of a horse market.
It stretched from 1 chōme to 4 chōme, and on the north side of 3 chōme,
there was a parade ground called "hatsune no baba" 初音の馬場 (also known as 追回しの馬場 "oimawashi no baba").
From the mid-Edo period onward, a number of inns were built in the area,
and there was the publication of an Edo tourist guide
which set Bakuro-chō as the starting point.
The site was in what is now Bakuro-chō 1 chōme, Nihonbashi.
. Tokyo Metropolitan Library .

The mansions of Bakufu officials dealing with the "eight districts of Kanto", Kan Hasshu 関八州の幕府直轄領 were also located in Bakurocho.

Utagawa Hiroshige: Hatsune Riding Ground
馬喰町 初音の馬場 Hatsune no Baba

This is one of the oldest Horse Grounds in Edo.

The print shows the shop of Murasakiya 紫屋染物店, a cloth dyer,
a high hi no mi yagura 火の見櫓 watch tower for fires. The large empty space was a special place to prevent fires from spreading (hiyoke chi 火除け地).

. umakata 馬方 "horse person" .
the owner of the horse or a servant in charge.

bakuroo choo 博労町
An old spelling is bakuroo choo 博労町
bakuroo 博労 Bakuro dealers of horses (馬の善し悪しを鑑定し、売買・仲介をする人)

Close to Bakurocho is also
Yokoyamachoo 日本橋 横山町 Nihonbashi Yokoyama-chō .
Bakuro-Yokoyama is a now district in Tokyo Shitamachi.

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Yamanote (山の手, "mountain's hand(s)") and Shitamachi (下町, "under city")
are traditional names for two areas of Tokyo, Japan. Yamanote refers to the affluent, upper-class areas of Tokyo west of the Imperial Palace. While citizens once considered it as consisting of Hongo, Koishikawa, Ushigome, Yotsuya, Akasaka, Aoyama and Azabu in the Bunkyō, Shinjuku, and Minato wards,[1] its size has grown to include the Nakano, Suginami and Meguro wards. Shitamachi is the traditional name for the area of Tokyo including today the Adachi, Arakawa, Chiyoda (in part), Chūō, Edogawa, Kōtō, Sumida, and Taitō wards, the physically low part of the city along and east of the Sumida River.
The two regions
have always been vaguely defined, as their identity was more based on culture and caste than on geography. While Tokugawa vassals of the warrior caste (hatamoto and gokenin) lived in the hilly Yamanote, lower castes (merchants and artisans) lived in the marshy areas near the sea. This dual class and geographic division has remained strong through the centuries while evolving with the times, and is still in common use today. Indeed, the two terms are now used also in other parts of the country. The term Yamanote still indicates a higher social status, and Shitamachi a lower one, even though de facto this is not always true.
Both the Yamanote and the Shitamachi have grown gradually over the years, and the map above shows them as they are today.
- - - - - Yamanote - - - - - - snip -
- - - - - Shitamachi - - - - -
The term originally indicated just the three areas of Kanda, Nihonbashi and Kyōbashi but, as the city grew, it came to cover also the areas mentioned above. Shitamachi was the center of Edo, so much so that the two were often thought of as coterminous. While Shitamachi was not in fact synonymous with Edo, there was originally a certain "conflation" of the two terms, and those born in Shitamachi are typically considered true Edokko, children of Edo. This conflation is evident in the Edo period habit of saying "I am going to Edo" to mean going from the area around Fukagawa in Kōtō ward to anywhere east of the Sumida river.
While the Yamanote grew west on the Musashino Plateau, in time the Shitamachi expanded east beyond the Arakawa river, and now includes the Chūō, Kōtō (Fukagawa), Sumida, and Taitō wards, plus part of Chiyoda ward.
The center of Ueno in Taitō lies at the heart of the old Shitamachi and still has several museums and a concert hall. Today the immediate area, due to its close proximity to a major transportation hub, retains high land value. The Shitamachi Museum in Ueno is dedicated to the area's way of life and culture, with models of old environments and buildings.[9]
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Centered around the castle of Edo, the main areas were
. joonan 城南 Jonan, south of the castle . - Shinagawa
Joohoku 城北 Johaku, north of the castle
Joosai 城西 Josai, west of the castle

. Taito-ku 台東区 Shitamachi Museum .

. Shitamachi 下町 "the low city" .

- 山手線29駅各駅の魅力を探る names of 29 stations of the Yamanote sen train.
- reference source : homes.co.jp/cont/town... -



. Edo Nana Fushigi 江戸七不思議 The Seven Wonders of Edo  .

Bakurocho Nana Fushigi 馬喰町七不思議 Seven Wonders of Bakurocho

鼠に似た怪しい異国の獣 - a strange beast from a foreign country, looking like a rat / mouse
卵を生む女房 a woman who was laying eggs (like a hen)
犬の珍しい行為 a dog who behaved in strange ways
天水桶の溺死 someone drowned in a rain water barrel
仲裁後の手傷 hand wound after the arbitration
三日月井戸の暗号 the code of the sickle moon well
先祖の因縁がめぐる御霊社詣 visiting shrines with attachments to the ancestors

風野真知雄 Kazeno Machio (1951 - )

訴訟でやってくる者たちが泊まる〈公事宿〉のひしめく日本橋馬喰町。お裁きがまさに始まろうとした御白州で、獣に食いつかれたような傷を残して公事師が突然死んだ。〝マミ〟が出たという騒ぎ、卵を産んだ女房、三日月井戸. . . 馬喰町七不思議のなかに隠された巨大な悪事に根岸備前守が挑む。
source : ganken.jp/nittoweb/2014


kujiyado, kuji yado 公事宿(くじやど)lawsuit inn
"lawyers' inn”, suit inn, litigation inn, Gasthaus für Litiganten

公事宿 裏始末4 孤月の剣 / 氷月葵

There were cases where managers and assistant managers of kujiyado were acting as kujishi 公事師, or kujishi were employed by kujiyado (雇下代).
Kujishi is a Japanese term used to refer to persons who would stand in for the relevant parties involved in a lawsuit in the Edo period.

- quote -
In the Edo period, legal matters were taken care of at kujiyado (litigation inns). The owners of these inns were the equivalent of lawyers. Mostly they dealt with disputes over money. Of the 35,000 civil suits that were addressed in 1718, about 33,000 of them involved money.
- reference : factsanddetails.com/japan -

- reference : edo kujiyado -

- quote -
公事人宿・出入宿・郷宿 Goyado・御用宿 Goyoyado とも呼ばれた。
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. hatago (旅籠, 旅篭) lodgings in Edo .
They were also called hatagoya (旅籠屋).


- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

aki no ka no koe ya chikatetsu Bakurocho

the voice of
mosquitoes in autumn - underground station

Tr. Gabi Greve

Oogushi Akira 大串章 Ogushi Akira (1937 - )

Bakuro Yokoyama Subway Station


- - - To join me on facebook, click the image !


. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

- - - - - #bakurocho #kujiyado #yamanote #shitamachi - - - -

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