3/28/2018

Itsukaichi Kaido Highway Ina

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Itsukaichi Kaido Highway 五日市街道

. Kaido 日本の街道 The Ancient Highways of Japan .



Along the highway were a lot of nashi 梨 Japanese pear trees.
A famous town on this road was Ina-Ichi 伊奈市 "Market at Ina".
Akiruno shi あきる野市 Ina 伊奈
It was such a busy town in the Edo period, the highway was sometimes even called
Ina Kaidoo 伊奈街道 Ina Highway.



The name INA dates back to a town of this name in Shinano (Nagano 長野県 Ina 伊那市).
A lot of stone masons from Shinano moved closer to Edo, using their old town name, written with different characters, 伊奈.
The stone masons from Ina produced a lot of the stones used to built the stone walls of Edo castle.
They also produced ishi-usu 石臼 stone mills, a necessary tool for the farmers of the Edo period.


- quote
Itsukaichi (五日市町 Itsukaichi-machi) was a town located in Nishitama District, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.
Itsukaichi Town, a medieval settlement, was promoted to town status within Kanagawa Prefecture in 1879, and merged witrh Konakano Village on April 1, 1889. The entire district was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893.
The town expanded through annexation of the neighboring villages of Mitsusato and Meiji in 1918, and with Masuko, Tokura and Komiya in 1955.
In 1995, the town of Itsukaichi merged with the city of 秋川 Akigawa (Akikawa) to form the new city of あきる野 Akiruno, and thus no longer exists as an independent municipality.
- source : wikipedia



..............................................................................................................................................

- quote -
Itsukaichi-kaido was and is just a local road and stretches over mere 52 km.
It braches off from Oume-kaido at Koenji-minami and leads to Itsukaichi, now a part of Akiruno city in the west of the prefecture Tokyo.
Itsukaichi-kaido was constructed in the early Edo Period as a route to transport charcoal produced in Akikawa valley to Edo - the capital of Tokugawa Shogunate and the present Tokyo.
The road was initially called 伊奈道 Ina-michi,
then in various ways such as Itsukaichi-michi, Oume-kaido waki-michi, Edo-michi, Koganei-michi and Sunagawa-michi.
Throughout the Edo period, it served as transport way for diverse agricultural products. It was also used by tourists who wanted to see cherry blossom in Koganei.
The present name Itsukaichi-kaido was fixed in the Meiji Period.
Its original width varied from place to place dependent on the capability of the communities along the road. Within the present Suginami-ward area, the road was as narrow as 3 ken (ca. 5.4m) in the eastern part and 8 ken (ca. 14.4m) in the western part. Itsukaichi-kaido was constructed mostly on a flat terrace land in the east-west direction. Only where it had to cross the valley of 善福寺川 Zenpukuji-gawa River and adjacent low swamp land at Ozaki, an extremely winding route had to be chosen to avoid steep slopes. Nevertheless the winding route was detrimental to smooth traffic and carts were often overthrown at a sharply bending corner or on a slope. Therefore, 七曲り "Ozaki-no-Nanamagari" (Seven windings at Ozaki) became notorious as a difficult section of the Itsukaichi-kaido.
Ozaki-no-Nanamagari stretches over ca. 1 km. If you drive through the new main street, you cannot notice much. But, even in the old side alley we can still find some interesting hangovers from the past.
- - Read more
- source : ocada.jp/tokyo/ozaki... -





::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


旧伊奈街道小野宿 Ina Highway - Ono postal station
(長野県 辰野町 Nagano, Tatsuno)


source : ameblo.jp/mei03ck...

- quote -
Ono-juku was the first inn in Ina Kaido (Ina Way) which starts from Shiojiri-juku, Nakasendo highway and leads to Iida.
Until today, buildings with the look of what they used to be are carefully preserved.

Ono-juku Tonya (the Former Residence of the Ono Family)
The Ono family had been a village headman since the early modern period. Shortly after the early Nakasendo highway was closed, the Ono family became Toiyaba (administration office) of Ono-juku, Ina Kaido, and it continued until the last days of the Tokugawa regime. T
his is a private home rebuilt after the Great Fire of Ono in March, 1859. Its magnificent handsome view is suitable for the leading house in Ono-juku post station town.
- source : kankou.town.tatsuno.nagano.jp -


..............................................................................................................................................

根古屋村 Negoya 






根古屋村と記された石仏
峠のカーブ点に諏訪神社があり、傍らに馬頭観音が8体並び、地蔵さんだろうか、根古屋村と記された石仏もあった。
根古屋集落
- reference source : blog.goo.ne.jp/saikoroat/e -


..............................................................................................................................................


- quote -
明治時代の幻の道「伊奈街道」
「伊奈街道」は伊那谷(大鹿)と富士川谷(切石)とをつなぐために明治5~6年に計画され、明治19年頃に完成した道幅2間(3m60cm)の広域道路である。伊那谷に駿河の海産物を運ぶことが主な目的とされた。

そのルートは、新倉から伝付峠を越えて大井川上流西俣を遡り、三伏峠を越えて大鹿村大河原へとつないでいる。長野県と山梨県の折半で費用が出され、関係する村からの人足によって工事がなされたという。伊那谷から身延山参りにいくらか利用されたらしいが、南アルプスの中央部を横断していて、保守管理がたいへんなため、数年で通れなくなってしまったらしい。
この「伊奈街道」の痕跡が一番よく残っているのが新倉広河原から伝付峠を経て二軒小屋へ至るルートである。村人の手で掘られた崖沿いの道など当時のことを思い浮かべながら歩くのも面白い。
- reference source : iida-museum.org/user/nature -


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


chuuma no michi 中馬のみち Chuma "road for transport horses"



- quote -
信州の近代初期における馬の分布
Distribution of horses in the early modern period in Shinshu

The detail map for horse heads distribution during the early modern period was made fron the statistical records in vols. 1, 2, and 3 of 'Monograph of Nagano villages (1876)' that Nagano prefecture made on the request of Meiji government in 1875. The hearing investigation into horse feeding, foods and the gravestone before World War II was carried out in the city of Ina and the village of Minamiminowa between 2009 and 2013. The density of the horse population per village in the southern part of the prefecture was higher than that in the northern part, and, in particular, the villages fed many horses that were concentrated in the Ina valley.
'Cyu uma' 中馬 transit system by horse on the 'Ina kaido' in Ina valley had developed as one of the by-pass roots for free-carrier businesses, going against the wishes of the official institution in 'Naka sendo', which acted under the centralized administrative framework of the Edo era. The development of the carrier businesses and the biological advantages for the operations of transportation, forestry and agriculture under the rough mountainous landscape led to the development of a unique culture in the Ina valley. The people fed many horses, recognized them as members of the family, ate their meat and intestines, and built many tombs to appreciate their spirit as the Deity of Mercy to clean the every accidents and diseases as well as a mountain of weeds, grasses and wild plants in bush around village.
- reference source : 国立情報学研究所 (NII) -


.......................................................................

. 街道と伝説 Legends about the old Kaido highways .

長野県 Nagano, 阿智村 Achi village

amaoto, ama-oto 雨音 the sound of rain
A zatoo 座頭 blind minstrel lost his way on the Chuma Kaido, slipped and fell deep down a waterfall.
Since then before it starts to rain people can hear the sound of rain far away.

..............................................................................................................................................


- quote -
Asuke Townscape 足助
A post town with beautifully contrasting white walls and black wooden fences



The Ina-kaido Road, which supported the livelihoods of common people in the Edo period, used to pass through Asuke. It is a side path of the Nakasendo, one of the Five Highways, and is said to have supported the livelihoods of common people by serving as a route for the delivery of Mikawa Bay's salt and seafood products to the Shinshu district.
"Asukejuku" 足助宿 flourished as a post town of the road, and still today, the characteristic warehouses with white plaster walls and black wooden fences remain, lining a roughly 2 km stretch of the road. It is dotted with nostalgic places such as Asuke Chumakan, a bank building in the Taisho Period; and Manrin Alley, which features beautiful white and black contrasts.
- source : japan-highlightstravel.com/en/travel -


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




- - - To join me on facebook, click the image !

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- - - - - #Itsukaichi #ina #kaidoo #kaido #highway - - - -
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

2 comments:

Gabi Greve said...


Kichijoojimura 吉祥寺村 Kichijo-Ji village
武蔵野市 Musashino-Shi 吉祥寺 Kichijoji, 北 Kita, 南 Minami, 東 Higashi districts

.
https://edoflourishing.blogspot.com/2018/10/kichijojimura-village-musashino.html
.

Gabi Greve said...

Chuuma Kaido 中馬街道 Chuma Kaido Highway
.
https://heianperiodjapan.blogspot.com/2019/06/kaido-highway-legends.html
.