Takadanobaba Takatanobaba Shinjuku

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

Takadanobaba, Takada no Baba 高田馬場 "Horse grounds of Takada"
新宿区西早稲田 高田馬場一丁目から高田馬場四丁目 Shinjuku, Nishi-Waseda,
Takadanobaba from first to fourth sub-district

The original house grounds of the Edo period were called "Takatanobaba" (TakaTA no baba).
They soon became famous for its annual Yabusame archery on horseback.
When a train station was to be build about 1 km away from this horse racing ground, the local residents did not want their name to "move", so eventually they all settled with calling the station
Takadanobaba eki 高田馬場駅 Takadanobaba station

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Originally, the area's name was read Takatanobaba and many Tokyo residents in their 50s or older pronounce it as such. However, younger Tokyoites and residents who have come from outside Tokyo, use the pronunciation Takadanobaba. The area is also often referred to simply as "Baba".
The area was previously and officially known as Totsuka (戸塚).
In 1636, the shōgun Tokugawa Iemitsu built in the area a baba, a ground for horseback riding and horse racing. Takata was the family name of the mother of Matsudaira Tadateru (the sixth son of Iemitsu's grandfather, the previous shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu) who favored the area as a sightseeing spot. The name stuck to prevent confusion with nearby Totsuka town near Yokohama (now Totsuka-ku, Yokohama).
In 1694, Nakayama Yasubei (later Horibe Yasubei, one of the forty-seven rōnin) took part in a battle (the Takadanobaba Kettō 高田馬場の決闘) there.
Like neighboring Waseda,
the area is synonymous with students (albeit with a somewhat less salubrious image). In addition to serving students commuting to Waseda University, the area is home to many educational institutions including vocational colleges and preparatory schools. Gakushuin University is nearby, one station stop away in Mejiro.
Astro Boy, a fictional character created by Osamu Tezuka in 1952, was supposedly "born" in Takadanobaba on April 7, 2003. In commemoration, starting in 2003, the JR platform uses the theme music from the TV series to signal the departure of a train. Also, many lamp posts in the area carry pictures from the TV series, and two large murals depicting Tezuka's works are across the street of JR Takadanobaba station.
- source : wikipedia

Takadanobaba - Hiroshige

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What Are Horse Grounds?
In the old days, the highest ranking samurai elite had horses and they needed large, open spaces to do horse stuff. Remember that Edo was a castle town. The main parts of the city radiated out from the castle. The city proper would have been too crowded for horses, so the suburbs and rural areas were better suited for that sort of thing.
Her Highness Takada's Horse Grounds
Much of the area that is now Niigata Prefecture was called Echigo no Kuni 越後国 Echigo Province. Inside that area was a fiefdom called Takada-han 高田藩 Takada Domain.
The mother of Tokugawa Ieyasu’s 6th son was from Takada-han. Her name was 茶阿局 Chā no Tsubone, but according to Japanese naming taboo and manners, she was referred to by most people as Takada-dono 高田殿 Her Highness Takada. She apparently loved the area for sightseeing because it wasn’t too far from the castle and she could watch strapping young samurai ride horses ...

茶阿局 Chaa no Tsubone / 阿茶局 Acha no Tsubone

Because she loved the area, her son, Matsudaira Tadateru, built a park here to enjoy yūranchi enbō 遊覧地遠望 (something like “a scenic pleasure resort”).
..... The area was called 戸塚 Totsuka for a long time.
But when the Yamanote Line opened in 1910, the original station got the name Takada no Baba. (The local people rejected the official suggestion of Kami-Totsuka 上戸塚 (Upper Totsuka) in favor of Takada no Baba. Until 1975, this was just a station name, but the area was still called Totsuka. But in 1975, Shinjuku Ward did a revamping of their displayed addresses and the region that is now Takada no Baba became Takada no Baba officially.
- source : japanthis.com/2013... -

Takadanobaba - Hiroshige
This depicts the vicinity of what is now Nishi-Waseda 3-chome.
A riding ground was established in 1636 (the thirteenth of Kan'ei) as a practice ground
for the shogun's direct retainers.
- source : Tokyo Metropolitan Library -


Ana Hachimangu 穴八幡宮 Anahachimangu shrine
2 Chome-1-11 Nishiwaseda, Shinjuku

The yabusame practiced today at the Ana Hachimangū at Takadanobaba in Shinjuku, is said to go back to 1728 when the Shōgun Yoshimune ordered it as a petition for the healing of his son Ieshige's smallpox.
Yabusame is also an offering at festivals at the Tsuruoka Hachimangū and other regional shrines.
. Yabusame 流鏑馬 archery on horseback .

At the shrine Ana Hachimangu in Tokyo people come at the day of the winter solstice to buy this amulet. It is good for business and to make money, when they put it into the auspicious direction of the new year (ehoo 恵方). 
They also hang it outside on the last day of the year and for the Setsubun rituals in February. The letters of the amulet have to face the auspicious direction.
Just as shadow receedes to new light, bad fortune will not receede and good luck is bound to come.
. tooji 冬至 Winter solstice .
ichiyoo raifuku 一陽来復" sun comes back" -- The 21st of December.

- reference : Ana Hachimangu-

. Hachiman Shrines in the Edo .


江戸名所図会 Edo Meisho Zue

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Takada Baba 高田馬場 Takada Riding Ground
During the Keichō years, Takada used to be a resort of Acha-no-tsubone,
who was the mother of the Echigo Takada-no-Shōshō (the feudal lord of Echigo-Takada),
and that is how the place got its name.
It is written in "Guide to Famous Spots of Edo" that improvements were carried out
to the riding ground in 1636 and that it became a training ground for archery and horsemanship.
It is said that the riding ground became known as Takada Baba (Takada riding ground)
because it was used for the Ana Hachimangū Shrine (Takada Hachimangū Shrine) Yabusame
(a Shinto mounted archery event).
The riding ground was located in what today is Waseda 3 chōme, Shinjuku Ward.
- source : Tokyo Metropolitan Library -

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Uma Ichi 馬市(うまいち) Horse market
Uma Ichi was a horse market that was held in mid-December every year.
Traders would bring 100-150 南部駒 nanbukoma horses aged two or three
from the Nanbu domain to trade at the market.
In Yabunouchi, there were three horse dealerships which worked for the stables of the Nanbu clan.
The horse market used to be held in three locations,
which were Fuchū Rokusho-no-miya, Asakusa, and Azabujūban,
but it ceased being held in Fuchū Rokusho-no-miya Shrine during the Kyōho years (1716-1736),
and it was subsequently held only in 浅草薮の内 Asakusa Yabunouchi and 麻布十番 Azabujūban.
The location of the horse market pictured is in what is today 花川戸 Hanakawado 2 chōme, Taitō-ku.
- source : Tokyo Metropolitan Library -


. Temple 観音寺 Kannon-Ji .
新宿区高田馬場3-37-26 Takadanobaba, Shinjuku


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Takadanobaba Station (高田馬場駅 Takadanobaba-eki)
is a railway station in the Takadanobaba area of Tokyo's Shinjuku ward, situated between the commercial districts of Ikebukuro and Shinjuku.
- it serves
Yamanote Line
Seibu Shinjuku Line
Tokyo Metro Tozai Line (T-03)
It is mostly frequented by the students of Waseda University.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Waseda University (早稲田大学 Waseda Daigaku), abbreviated as Sōdai (早大),
is a Japanese private research university in Shinjuku,
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

- Astro boy relief at Takadanobaba station -
Astro Boy, Mighty Atom 鉄腕アトム Tetsuwan Atomu

To bring back more life to the area, the local shop owners decided to use Astro Boy as their mascot.
Tezuka Osamu had lived in Takadanobaba for a long time and had his office there.

. Osamu Tezuka 手塚治 Tezuka Osamu 手塚治虫 .
(1928 – 1989)


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. Shinjuku 新宿区 Shinjuku Ward .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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