7/21/2018

Ichigaya district Shinjuku

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. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
- Funagawara, Tamachi - see below
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Ichigaya 市谷 / 市ヶ谷 / 市ケ谷 "Market Valley"
東京都新宿区 Shinjuku ward



Maybe the district was named after
Ichigaya Magojiroo. Ichigaya Magojirō 市ヶ谷孫四郎 / 市谷孫四郎 Ichigaya Magojiro
He ruled the region in the Kamakura period. Not much is known about him.

Or
the are was called ichi ga ya 一ヶ谷 "the first valley", the most important in the 山手 Yamanote area
Close by is yotsu ya 四ッ谷 Yotsuya, "the fourth valley".

Or
the name relates to the shrine
. Ichigaya Kamegaoka Hachimangu 市谷亀岡八幡宮 .
Kameoka Hachiman Gū
The Shrine had a market where the Edoites could buy things
ichi kai 市買 .. changed to Ichigai and a shop 市買屋 Ichigaiya .. Ichigaya

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- - - - - Ichigaya has many sub-districts

市谷台町 Dai machi
市谷長延寺谷町 (いちがやちょうえんじまち) Choenji machi Nagano
市谷長延寺門前 Choenji Monzen
市谷船河原町 Funagawara machi, see below
市谷八幡町 Hachiman
市谷本村町 Honmura
市谷甲良屋敷 Kora Yashiki (甲良町 Kora cho)
市谷砂土原町 Sadohara cho
市谷鷹匠町 Takajo machi
市谷田町一丁目 Tamachi / 田町上二丁目 Kami / 田町下二丁目 Shimo / 田町三丁目 / 田町四丁目
市谷坂下薬王寺門前 Yakuoji Monzen
市谷山伏町 Yamabushi cho
市谷柳町 Yanagi cho

市谷七軒町
市谷三軒屋敷
市谷平山町
市谷元土取場町
市谷清内屋敷
市谷南寺町
市谷片町
市谷谷町 / 市ヶ谷谷町 / 「じく谷」
市谷上寺町
市谷薬王寺前町
市谷教蔵院門前
市谷松雲寺門前
市谷安養寺門前
市谷修行寺門前
市谷自証院門前




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Ichigaya Funagawaramachi, 市谷船河原町 Ichigaya Funagawara cho,
Funakawara "Boat river bed"

Funagawara and Funakawara are given for the name.



Close to the Ushigome Gomon of Edo castle. It was a wetland with rivers and valleys, so the castle builders could use all the water to dig the Sotobori 外堀 "Outer Canal".
One theory says one river was large enough to have boats (funa) dragged all the way here to the riverbed (kawara).
Nearby is a slope called
Oosaka 逢坂 / 逢坂 / あいざか - "slope of the meeting". (おうさか) 大坂 Great Slope.
ai 逢 can also mean : to meet someone.



In the Heian period, a samurai became 武蔵守 the supervisor of the Musashi area. His name was
小野美佐吾 Ono no Misago.
While he was visiting the area, he saw a beautiful girl, サネカズラ Sanekazura, and they fell in love. Then he had to leave and back in Kyoto he was killed.
When the girl got the news, she had a dream that she would meet him again on this slope. When she went there, thought she saw him going up, hurried after him but missed a step, and fell down to her death.

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Ichigaya Tamachi, 市谷田町 Ichigaya Tamachi district "field district"
Shinjuku, 市谷田町一丁目から市谷田町三丁目 Ichigaya-Tamachi first to third sub-district



First there were only tafields, hence the name.
In the Edo period, there lived Samurai and merchants in the first sub-district, which was rather long and narrow.
TIn 1623, it was part of Toshima, 豊島郡市谷領布田新田 under the supervision of the Edo Bakufu government after the construction of 外堀 the Sotobori moat.
The merchants wanted to construct more buildings and were given the districts of 佐渡殿原 / 佐渡原 Sadohara(modern 市谷砂土原町 Ichigaya Sadohara) and and 赤坂御門前 in front of the Akasaka Gate. This plan was refused. They begun to reclaim the wetlands beside the Sotobori at 佐渡殿原 Sadohara, 浄瑠璃坂下, below Jorurisaka slope and around 逢坂 Oosaka slope.
In the middle of the Edo period, the population had grown quite a lot, from the first to the fourth sub-district.


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. 市谷加賀町 Ichigaya Kaga cho .

. 市谷左内坂町 Ichigaya Sanaizaka cho .


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

................................................................................. Ichigaya Hachiman 市ヶ谷八幡

kitsune 狐 fox - 茶の木稲荷 Chanoki Inari
Once a fox living in the mountains of 市ヶ谷八幡 Ichigaya Hachiman pierced his eye by accident with a branch of a chanoki 茶の木 tea tree. He was very sick for a long time but then got healed. He was in fact the messenger of the 稲荷様 Inari Deity.
The shrine was then named in his honor.


Chanoki Inari 茶の木稲荷 / 茶ノ木稲荷神社 Inari and the Tea Tree
Ichigaya Hachimancho, Shinjuku, and other locations



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- quote from Nihonbashi -
Chanoki-Jinja Shrine, popular with local people called "Ochanoki-sama" (Dear tea tree).
The enshrined deity of Chanoki-Jinja Shrine is "Inari-sama." The grounds of the shrine were originally premises as broad as 1 hectare of the Hotta family served as chief minister, and was the lord of Sakura Domain in Shimosa Province in the Tokugawa period. It has been reported from the old days that tea trees trimmed into a round shape were planted on the turf around the Yashiro, or shrine, and that the green of the tea trees on the turf was truly a scene of splendor.
In 1985, Chanoki Jinja became a member for pilgrimages to the shrines of the Seven Gods of Good Fortune in Nihonbashi.
- - - 1-12-10, Nihonbashi Ningyocho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo
- source : centraltokyo-tourism.com/en... -


. Inari 稲荷 the Fox Deity .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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- - - - - H A I K U and S E N R Y U - - - - -

市ヶ谷に虹を仰ぎて別れけり
Ichigaya ni niji o aogite wakarekeri

at Ichigaya
we looked up at the rainbow and then
had to say farewell . . .

Tr. Gabi Greve

日原傳 Hihara Tsutae (1959 - )

. WKD : niji 虹 / にじ rainbow レインボ .
- - kigo for all summer - -


十六夜の水の市ヶ谷飯田橋
川崎展宏 Kawasaki Tenko / Nobuhiro (1927 - 2009)


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. Shinjuku 新宿区 Shinjuku Ward .


. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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