7/06/2019

Awa Kaido Highway

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. Kaido 街道 The old highways .
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The old Highways of Shikoku 四国の古街道


source : halex.co.jp/blog/ochi...


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Awa Kaido 阿波街道 Awa Highway

Awa no kuni 阿波国 Awa province, is the old name for the Northern parts of Tokushima prefecture.


source : skr.mlit.go.jp/tokushima/road...

The 阿讃山脈 Sanuki Mountain range lies on the border of 香川県 Kagawa and 徳島県 Tokushima.
There are various tooge 峠 passes for crossing of the highway:
大坂峠 Osaka Toge, 鵜の田尾峠 Unotao Toge, 境目 Sakaime. 猪ノ鼻峠 Inohana Toge.

In the former 讃岐国 Sanuki no Kuni (now Kagawa) the highway was called Awa Kaido.
In Tokushima, the highway was called 讃岐街道 Sanuki Kaido.

In Tokushima on this highway was a town called 阿波町 Awacho, with more than 200 m along the road.
- The modern city of Awa was established on April 1, 2005, from the merger of the former town of Awa, absorbing the town of Ichiba, and the towns of Donari and Yoshino.

In Tadotsu town in Kagawa was the famous Konpira Shrine and the roads for this pilgrimage were called
金毘羅街道 Konpira Kaido / 金毘羅往来 Konpira Orai.
- see below

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. Mingei - Folk Art from Awa 阿波 .

. Awa odori 阿波踊り Awa Dance for O-Bon .


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Konpira Kaido 金毘羅街道 - 金毘羅往来 Konpira Orai.


source : marugame.town-web.net/kaidou...

It comprises various Kaido leading to the famous Shinto Shrine
. Konpira Gu 金刀比羅宮 Konpira, Kompira, Kotohira Shrine .


- reference source : sonae-net.com/chottokoba/1/kaidou... -

Konpira Gokaido 金毘羅五街道 five important highways leading to Konpira
阿波街道 Awa Kaido
伊予街道 Iyo, Kaido / 土佐街道 Tosa Kaido
丸亀街道 Marugame Kaido
多度津街道 Tadotsu Kaido
高松街道 Takamatsu Kaido / Shido Kaido


撫養街道 Muya Kaido
讃岐街道 Sanuki Kaido



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Imabari Kaido 今治街道 Imabari Highway

It leads from Saijō 西条 Saijo along the coast of the 高縄半島 Takanawa Hanto Peninsula to Imabari city, Ehime,
about 90 km.
Saijo was especially active as the entrance city for the mountain pilgrimage to 石鎚山 Ishizuchisan.
西条 Saijo was also very close to 松山市 Matsuyama city.



Imabari is the last station of the しまなみ海道 Shimanami Kaido , about 60 km, from Honshu to Shikoku.
Nishiseto Expressway, often called the Shimanami Kaidō, connecting Onomichi, Hiroshima and Imabari.
- reference -


Shimanami Kaido しまなみ海道 Island-hopping Highway


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Iyo Kaidō 伊予街道 Iyo Highway / 土佐街道 Tosa Kaido

Iyo no Kuni 伊予国 Io province, is the old name of Ehime, capital is Matsuyama.
Tosa no Kuni 土佐国 Tosa province, is the old name of Kochi.



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松山と高知を結ぶ道 A road to connect Matsuyama with Kochi
- Also called 松山街道 Matsuyama Kaido
. Matsuyama city 松山 in Ehime .
The Kaido crossed the pass 三坂峠 Misaka Toge, then via 久万 Kuma and 七鳥 Nanatori into Kochi prefecture.
In Kochi via 池川 Ikegawa, 大崎 Osaki and 佐川 Sakawa to the city of Kochi.

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川之江と高知を結ぶ道 A road to connect Kawanoe with Kochi
- Also called 土佐北街道 Tosa Kita Kaido, Northern Kaido
From Kawanone in Ehime via 新宮、馬立 and the pass 笹ヶ峰峠 to Kochi.
In Kochi via 大豊町立川(たぢかわ)the Tachikawa river in Otoyo、本山町 Motoyama and a few more towns to the castle of Kochi.
This road has been in use since 707 as 北山官道 Kitayama Kando, a road for the local governor.
In the Edo period it was used by the Daimyo of Tosa for the regular visits to Edo.
There was also a shortcut to the Konpira Shrine.

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徳島と高知を結ぶ道 Two roads to connect Tokushima with Kochi

----- 土佐浜街道 Tosa Hama Kaido "Beach Road"
- also called 土佐東街道 Tosa Higashi Kaido, Eastern Kaido
In Tokushima via 立江 Tatsue and 羽ノ浦 Hanoura, crossing the river 那賀川 Nakagawa at 古庄 Furusho, passing 桑野 Kuwano, 由岐 Yuki, 日和佐 Hiwasa and 宍喰浦 Shishikuiura.
In Kochi via 甲浦 Kannoura , 室戸 Muroto, 安芸 Aki, 赤岡 Akaoka and more towns.
Most is the modern national road Nr. 55.

----- 四ツ足峠越えの道 road over the pass Yotsuashi Toge
- -- also called 土佐中街道 Tosa Naka Kaido, Central Kaido
A sea route until 橘 Tachibana, from there along the river 桑野川 Kuwanogawa. From 鷲敷 Wajiki along the river 那賀川 Nakagawa.
After crossing the Yotsuashi Pass to Kochi, along the river 物部川 Monobegawa to 大栃 Odochi, 美良布 Birafu,
山田 Yamada and 後免 Gomen, reaching Kochi.
(Now there is a long tunnel of 1857 m below the pass.)

- quote
... an ancient trade route in Japan that is now mirrored by the modern National Route 33.
It was established during the Yamato period, was then developed into an official highway during the Meiji period, before being renamed the Prefectural Matsuyama-Kōchi Highway (県道松山高地線 Kendō Matsuyama-Kōchi-sen).
On January 18, 1945, it was renamed as National Route 23, before becoming National Route 33 on December 4 of the same year.
The Tosa Domain used a route that connected Kōchi with the modern-day Shikokuchūō sankin kōtai. This route was called the "Old Tosa Kaidō" (旧土佐街道 Kyū-Tosa Kaidō).
- source : wikikpdia

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Nakamura Kaido 中村街道 Nakamura Highway
Fron Kochi (Tosa no kuni) vial the Southern Sea Road to 須崎 Susaki, 窪川 Kubokawa to 中村 Nakamura town.

In Susaki was a turn to the
Yusuhara Kaido 檮原街道 Yusuhara Highway
In Ehime from 北宇和郡鬼北町 Kihoku town in the Kita-Uwa district to the 大洲街道 Ozu Kaido.
Then South to 宇和島 Uwajima.
A lot of 鰹 Katsuo bonito fish from Tosa was transported via this road.

Some say it was the escape road that 坂本龍馬 Sakamoto Ryoma took when leaving his home domaine in 1862.
Dappandoo 脱藩道 Dappan Michi, dappan no michi


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Kamiyama Kaido 神山街道 Kamiyama Road
Iyashi Motenashi Kamiyama Kaido いやし・もてなし神山街道 A road of Hospitality
Kamiyama Sakura Kaido 神山さくら街道 Cherry Blossom Road of Kamiyama



The road through the town of Kamiyama in 徳島県 Tokushima.
The atmosphere of old houses and restaurants is well kept. Along the road are many beautiful cherry trees.


source and more photos : shizq.jp/kamiyama_sakura...


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Marugame Kaido 丸亀街道 Marugame Highway

Marugame was a harbour city in Kagawa, reached in the Edo period by pilgrims for the Konpira Shrine / Kotohira Shrine in about 3 long days on a ship from Osaka.
From the harbour it took about 14 km along the Marugame Kaido to the Shrine.


source : jb-honshi.co.jp/kanko/seto...

. Marugame city 丸亀 in Kagawa .
now famous for its Marugame uchiwa 丸亀団扇 hand fans.


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Muya Kaido 撫養街道 Muya Highway
Also called 淡路街道 Awaji Kaido.
Muya is the old name of 鳴門市 Naruto city, Tokushima.



In the Edo period this road was maintained by the Daimyo 藩主蜂須賀家政 Hachisuka Iemasa (1558 - 1639).
It took about 67 km from Muya town via 岡崎 Okazaki to 池田 Ikeda, Tokushima.
The road was mostly used for the transportation of indigo, salt, tobacco leaves and lumber.
Pilgrims of the Shikoku Henro tour could get of at the harbour of Okazaki
The town of 撫養町 Muya now belongs to 鳴門市 Naruto city.
Muya was a connected by a sea route to 淡路島 Awaji Island and the harbour towns of 福良 Fukura, 洲本 Sumoto and 由良 Yuura and then again by sea to 紀伊 Kii (Wakayama).

Kawakita (Muya) Kaido 川北(撫養)街道
To the West of Mura Kaido, along the northern shore of the river 吉野川 Yoshinogawa and leading to Ikeda.


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Sanuki Kaido 讃岐街道 Sanuki Highway

From Marugame in Sanuki no Kuni along the Northern Shore of Shikoku via 観音寺 Kannonji, 川之江 Kawanoe,
新居浜 Niihama to 小松 Komatsu (now 現西条市 Saijo city).
Saijo was especially active as the entrance city for the mountain pilgrimage to 石鎚山 Ishizuchisan.
西条 Saijo was also very close to 松山市 Matsuyama city.


source : james1964.exblog.jp...


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Tadotsu Kaido 多度津街道 Tadotsu Highway



The Kaido leads from Tadotsu city, Kagawa, to the famous Konpira shrine.
The roads for this pilgrimage were called
金毘羅街道 Konpira Kaido / 金毘羅往来 Konpira Orai.

The martial art of Shorinji Kempo (少林寺拳法) was founded in 1947 by 宗道臣 So Doshin
at the temple Dōryū-ji 道隆寺 Doryu-Ji in Tadotsu.
The temple is Nr. 77 of the Shikoku Henro Pilgrimage.


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Takamatsu Kaido 高松街道 Takamatsu Highway



Leading from Takamatsu, Kagawa, to the Konpira Shrine. Almost a straight line of about 32 km.


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. Shikoku Henro Pilgrimage 四国遍路 .
Connecting 88 temples in the four prefectures of Shikoku.




. Shido Kaido 志度街道 Shido Highway / 志度道 Shido Michi .
Higashi Sanuki Hama Kaido 東讃浜街道
Hama Kaido 浜街道 Road along the Beach. Now Route 11 国道11号.
From Takamatsu along the beach, passing Shido Town, leading to the Henro temple Shidodera 志度寺 in Kagawa.


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

byoonin batake 病人畑 field of ill people
Along the old Awa Kaido there is a very low-lying area, which had a bad reputation of bringing disaster to its owner.
A man had used it for farming but now it is not used any more. Only reeds are growing here. now.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

. Edo, Tokyo 江戸 - 東京 - 伝説 Legends Index .


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. kaidoo 街道と伝説 Legends about the old Kaido highways .

. Kaido 街道 Highways - ABC Index .

. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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1 comment:

Gabi Greve said...

Shikoku Highways

阿波街道 Kaido
撫養街道 Muya Kaido
川北街道 Kawakita Kaido
伊予街道 Iyo Kaido
- - - - - Tosa Kaidō
土佐(北)街道 Tosa Kaido North
土佐(東)海道 Tosa Kaido East
丸亀街道 Marugame Kaido
野根山越え None Yamagoe
高松街道 Takamatsu Kaido
高松(丸亀)街道 Takamatsu Marugame Kaido
多度津街道 Tadotsu Kaido
長尾街道 Nagao Kaido
讃岐街道 Sanuki Kaido
小松街道 Komatsu Kaido
今治街道 Imabari Kaido
大洲街道 Ozu Kaido - Oozu Kaidoo
宇和島街道 Uwajima Kaido
宿毛街道 Sukumo Kaido
松山街道 Matsuyama Kaido
中村街道 Nakamura Kaido
梼原街道 Yusuhara Kaido
淡路街道 Awaji Kaido, one of the five Awa Kaido 阿波五街道
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. Shimanami Kaido しまなみ街道   
from Honshu to Shikoku

. 志度街道 Shido Kaido .
Higashi Sanuki Hama Kaido 東讃浜街道
Hama Kaido 浜街道 Road along the Beach or 東下道


Dappan Michi, dappan no michi, Dappandoo 脱藩道
Taken by Sakamoto Ryoma in 1862



https://traveloguegokuraku.blogspot.com/2011/01/kaido-roads-in-japan.html