2/02/2019

Yotsuya district Shinjuku

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. Famous Places and Power spots of Edo 江戸の名所 .
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Yotsuya 四谷 / 四ッ谷 Yotsuya district - "four valleys"
Shinjuku, 一丁目 - 四丁目 from the first to the fourth subdistrict.

The four valleys are
千日谷 Sennichidani, 茗荷谷 Myogadani, 千駄ヶ谷 Sendagaya and 大上谷 Okamidani.

There were also yotsuya 四ツ家 four rest houses on the 甲州街道 Koshu Highway:
梅屋 Umeya, 保久屋 Hokuya, 茶屋 Chaya and 布屋 Nunoya.
. Koshu Kaido 甲州街道 Kōshū Kaidō Highway .



- quote -
It is a former ward (四谷区 Yotsuya-ku) in the now-defunct Tokyo City.
In 1947, when the 35 wards of Tokyo were reorganized into 23, it was merged with Ushigome ward of Tokyo City and Yodobashi suburban ward of Tokyo-fu to form the modern Shinjuku ward.
- History
Before the growth of Edo, Yotsuya was a farming village outside the city. In 1634, with the digging of the outer moat around Edo Castle, many temples and shrines moved to Yotsuya. The moat had stone walls, and a mitsuke, or watch tower, was also built. Yotsuya Mitsuke stood near the present-day Yotsuya Station.
The relocation of the temples and construction of the mitsuke brought settlements of workers, and following the devastating Meireki fire, many more people moved to Yotsuya, which had been spared. Gradually the area became part of the city of Edo.
In 1695,
the shōgun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi ordered the establishment of a vast dog kennel. The purpose was to board stray dogs as part of his policy of showing mercy to animals. The facility outside the Yotsuya Gate occupied 20,000 tsubo (66,000 m2; 710,000 sq ft).
Yotsuya developed rapidly
due to its central location. In 1894, the Kōbu Railway, predecessor of the present-day Chūō Line, extended its existing railway line between Shinjuku and Tachikawa to Ushigome and opened Yotsuya and Shinanomachi stations. The railway enabled the easy transport of raw materials into the area; soon, pencil, tobacco and other industries moved in and began Yotsuya's rapid industrial development.
Many historic temples and graves are located in Yotsuya.
Among them are Sainen-ji, where the grave of the ninja Hattori Hanzō and his lance are interred.
- more in the wikipedia -

The name of the station is written 四ツ谷駅.


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犬御用屋敷跡 inu yashiki 犬小屋 remains of the dog kennel

In 1695, there were so many dogs that Edo began to smell horribly.
An apprentice was even executed because he wounded a dog. Finally, the trouble was taken to a distance, as over 50,000 dogs were deported to kennels in the suburbs of the city where they would be housed.
They were apparently fed rice and fish which were at the expense of the taxpaying citizens of Edo.
. Tokugawa Tsunayoshi 徳川綱吉 (1646 - 1709) .

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Misty Morning at Yotsuya Mitsuke
. Kawase Hasui 川瀬巴水 (1883 - 1957) .


. Yotsuya Arakicho district 四谷荒木町 .
荒木町 Arakicho, Araki district


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Legends from Shinjuku ward .


................................................................................. 四ッ谷 Yotsuya district

Yotsuya Kaidan 四谷怪談 The Ghost Story of Yotsuya


- Utagawa Kuniyoshi's portrait of O-Iwa お岩

- quote -
the story of Oiwa and Tamiya Iemon, is a tale of betrayal, murder, and ghostly revenge.
Arguably the most famous Japanese ghost story of all time, it has been adapted for film over 30 times, and continues to be an influence on Japanese horror today.
Written in 1825 by Tsuruya Nanboku IV as a kabuki play,
the original title was Tōkaidō Yotsuya Kaidan (東海道四谷怪談; translation: Ghost Story of Yotsuya in Tokaido). It is now generally shortened, and loosely translates as
Ghost Story of Yotsuya.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Kaidan 怪談 ghost and monster stories .

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When Yotsuya had been burned down after a fire,
a wife was sitting outside in the evening. She saw an old man with white hair, laughing and coming closer.
She closed her eyes and begun to recite 普門品 the Kannon Sutra. When she was finished she opened her eyes again and saw that the woman from the neighbours family had become crazy.

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kaijo 怪女 a mysterious woman
In 四ッ谷大番町 Yotsuya Obancho in the year 1977, there was a strong rain at night. The servant of a Samurai came home late and on this way he met a woman. After that he met that woman every night. The Samurai had this man observed. When he lay in his bed moaning, the Samurai drew his sword. Now a black cat jumped out of the bed and ran away as fast as it could.

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. kitsune densetsu 狐と伝説 fox legends .
Around 1760, there lived a sword master in Yotsuya, who was riding a kago 籠 palanquin. Part of his robes peaked out and then a tail . . . it was a fox! The palanquin carriers were much afraid and did not get any money.
The next day they were bewitched by this fox and eventually thrown out of their families and died alone.
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On another occasion a person was seen hitting a nail into the sacred tree of the Inari Shrine to curse someone.
He was also bewitched by a fox.
. shinboku 神木, shinju 神樹 sacred tree, divine tree .

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. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? - 940) .

One 旗本家 Hatamoto samurai family living in Yotsuya once got the kabuto helmet of Masakado by some of his descendants in exchange for money. On the first night in the new home, the house begun to scream and squeek and shake and rumble, so next morning they gave it back to its owner.


Masakado no kabuto 将門の兜 the helmet of Masakado


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Yotsuya 四ツ谷乗運寺横町 Joun-Ji Yokocho

ishi Jizoo odoru 石地蔵踊る dancing stone Jizo
The stone statue of Jizo Bosatsu at the temple Joun-Ji is sometimes dancing . . . but that is just a rumor.

. Jizō - Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - ABC List .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

. Edo, Tokyo 江戸 - 東京 - 伝説 Legends Index .


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. Shinjuku 新宿区 Shinjuku Ward .


. Famous Places and Powerspots of Edo 江戸の名所 .

. Edo bakufu 江戸幕府 The Edo Government .

. Doing Business in Edo - 商売 - Introduction .

. shokunin 職人 craftsman, craftsmen, artisan, Handwerker .

. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu poems in Edo .

. Japanese Architecture - The Japanese Home .

. Interior Design - The Japanese Home .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


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